UNITED NATIONS General Assembly Channeling Reality

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Report of the World Commission on Environment,and Development. Our Common Future,Members of the Commission,Chairman Gro Harlem Brundtland Norway. Vice Chairman Mansour Ahalid Sudan,Susanna Agnelli Italy. Saleh A Al Athel Saudi Arabia,Bernard Chidzero Zimbabwe. Lamine Mohammed Fadika Cote d Ivoire,Volker Mauff Federal Republic of Germany.
Istvan Lang Hungary,Ma Shijun People s Republic of China. Margarita Marino de Botero Columbia,Nagendra Singh India. Paulo Noqueira Nato Brazil,Saburo Okita Japan,Shridath S Ramphal Guyana. William D Ruckelshaus USA,Mohamed Sahnoun Algeria,Emil Salim Indonesia. Bukar Shaib Nigeria,Vladimir Sokolov USSR,Janez Stanovnik Yugoslavia.
Maurice Strong Canada,Ex Officio,Jim MacNeill Canada. From A 42 427 Our Common Future Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development 1987. Acronyms and Note on Terminology 7 Energy Choices for Environment and Development. Energy Economy and Environment, From One Earth to One World An Overview by Fossil Fuels The Continuing Dilemma. the World Commission on Environment and Nuclear Energy Unsolved Problems. Development Wood Fuels The Vanishing Resource,Renewable Energy The Untapped Potential. Part I Common Concerns Energy Efficiency Maintaining the Momentum. Energy Conservation Measures,1 A Threatened Future Conclusion. Symptoms and Causes, New Approaches to Environment and Development 8 Industry Producing More With Less.
Industrial Growth and its Impact, 2 Towards Sustainable Development Sustainable Industrial Development in. The Concept of Sustainable Development a Global Context. Equity and the Common Interest Strategies for Sustainable Industrial Development. Strategic Imperatives,Conclusion 9 The Urban Challenge. The Growth of Cities, 3 The Role of the International Economy The Urban Challenge in Developing Countries. The International Economy the Environment International Cooperation. and Development,Decline in the 1980s Part III Common Endeavours. Enabling Sustainable Development,A Sustainable World Economy.
10 Managing The Commons,Oceans The Balance of Life. Part II Common Challenges Space A Key to Planetary Management. Antarctica Towards Global Cooperation,4 Population and Human Resources. The Links with Environment and Development 11 Peace Security Development and the Environment. The Population Perspective Environmental Stress as a Source of Conflict. A Policy Framework Conflict as a Cause of Unsustainable Development. Towards Security and Sustainable Development,5 Food Security Sustaining the Potential. Achievements 12 Towards Common Action, Signs of Crisis Proposals For Institutional and Legal Change. The Challenge The Challenge for Institutional and Legal Change. Strategies for Sustainable Food Security Proposals for Institutional and Legal Change. Food for the Future A Call for Action, 6 Species and Ecosystems Resources for Development.
The Problem Character and Extent Annexes,Extinction Patterns and Trends. Some Causes of Extinction Annexe 1 Summary of Proposed Legal Principles. Economic Values at Stake for Environmental Protection and Sustain. New Approach Anticipate and Prevent able Development Adopted by the WCED. International Action for National Species Experts Group on Environmental Law. Scope for National Action,Annexe 2 The Commission and its Work. The Need for Action, Throughout this report quotes from some of the many people who spoke at WCED public hearings appear in. boxes to illustrate the range of opinions the Commission was exposed to during its three years of work They. do not necessarily reflect the views of the Commission. From A 42 427 Our Common Future Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development 1987. Acronyms and Note on Terminology, ATS Antarctic Treaty System LDC London Dumping Convention. CCAMLR Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic MVA manufacturing value added. Marine Living Resources, NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
CIDIE Committee of International Development,NCS National Conservation Strategies. Institutions on the Environment,NGO non governmental organizations. CMEA Council for Mutual Economic Assistance,NICs newly industrialized countries. DIESA United Nations Department for International, Economic and Social Affairs NUSS Nuclear Safety Standards. ECB United Nations Environment Coordination Board OECD Organization for Economic Co operation and. Development,ECE Economic Commission for Europe,ODA Official Development Assistance.
EEC European Economic Community,PPP Polluter Pays Principle. EEZ Exclusive Economic Zones,TNCs transnational corporations. ELC Environment Liaison Centre,UNCHS United Nations Centre for Human Settlements. FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade,UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and. GDP gross domestic product Development, GEMS Global Environment Monitoring System UNDA United Nations Disarmament Association.
GESAMP Group of Experts on Scientific Aspect of Marine UNDRO Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief. Pollution Co ordinator, GNP gross national product UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and. Cultural Organization,GRID Global Resource Information Database. UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development,IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency. Organization, ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection. WHO World Health Organization,ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions.
WMO World Meteorological Organization,IDA International Development Association. WRI World Resources Institute, IGBP International Geosphere Biosphere Project of ICSU. WWF World Wildlife Fund, IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. The grouping of countries in the presentation of data is indicated. IIED International Institute for Environment and, in the appropriate places The term industrial countries gener. Development, ally encompasses the UN categories of developed market econo.
ILO International Labour Organization mies and the socialist countries of Eastern Europe and the USSR. Unless otherwise indicated the term developing country refers. IMF International Monetary Fund, to the UN grouping of developing country market economies. IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission and the socialist countries of Asia The term Third World un. less the context implies otherwise generally refers to the devel. ITU International Telecommunications Union, oping country market economies as defined by the UN. IUCN International Union for the Conservation of, Unless indicated otherwise tons are metric 1 000 kilogrammes. Nature and Natural Resources, or 2 204 6 pounds Dollars are current U S dollars or U S dol. IWC International Whaling Commission lars for the year specified. From A 42 427 Our Common Future Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development 1987. Chairman s Foreword, A global agenda for change this was what the World challenge of facing the future and of safeguarding the in.
Commission on Environment and Development was asked terests of coming generations For it was abundantly clear. to formulate It was an urgent call by the General Assem We needed a mandate for change. bly of the United Nations, to propose long term environmental strategies for We live in an era in the history of nations when there is. achieving sustainable development by the year 2000 greater need than ever for co ordinated political action and. and beyond responsibility The United Nations and its Secretary Gen. eral are faced with an enormous task and burden Respon. to recommend ways concern for the environment, sibly meeting humanity s goals and aspirations will require. may be translated into greater co operation among,the active support of us all. developing countries and between countries at dif, ferent stages of economical and social development. and lead to the achievement of common and mutu, My reflections and perspective were also based on other.
ally supportive objectives that take account of the in. important parts of ray own political experience the pre. terrelationships between people resources environ, ceding work of the Brandt Commission on North South. ment and development, issues and the Palme Commission on security and disar. to consider ways and means by which the interna mament issues on which I served. tional community can deal more effectively with en. I was being asked to help formulate a third and compel. vironment concerns and, ling call for political action After Brandt s Programme for. to help define shared perceptions of long term en Survival and Common Crisis and after Palme s Common. vironmental issues and the appropriate efforts needed Security would come Common Future This was my mes. to deal successfully with the problems of protecting sage when Vice Chairman Mansour Khalid and I started. and enhancing the environment a long term agenda work on the ambitious task set up by the United Nations. for action during the coming decades and aspirational This report as presented to the UN General Assembly in. goals for the world community 1987 is the result of that process. When I was called upon by the Secretary General of the Perhaps our most urgent task today is to persuade nations. United Nations in December 1983 to establish and chair a of the need to return to multilateralism The challenge of. special independent commission to address this major reconstruction after the Second World War was the real. challenge to the world community I was acutely aware motivating power behind the establishment of our post. that this was no small task and obligation and that my war international economic system The challenge of find. day to day responsibilities as Party leader made it seem ing sustainable development paths ought to provide the. plainly prohibitive What the General Assembly asked for impetus indeed the imperative for a renewed search for. also seemed to be unrealistic and much too ambitious At multilateral solutions and a restructured international eco. the same time it was a clear demonstration of the wide nomic system of co operation These challenges cut across. spread feeling of frustration and inadequacy in the inter the divides of national sovereignty of limited strategies. national community about our own ability to address the for economic gain and of separated disciplines of science. vital global issues and deal effectively with them. After a decade and a half of a standstill or even deteriora. The fact is a compelling reality and should not easily be. tion in global co operation I believe the time has come for. dismissed Since the answers to fundamental and serious. higher expectations for common goals pursued together. concerns are not at hand there is no alternative but to keep. for an increased political will to address our common future. on trying to find them, There was a time of optimism and progress in the 1960s. All this was on my mind when the Secretary General pre. when there was greater hope for a braver new world and. sented me with an argument to which there was no con. for progressive international ideas Colonies blessed with. vincing rebuttal No other political leader had become. natural resources were becoming nations The locals of. Prime Minister with a background of several years of po. co operation and sharing seemed to be seriously pursued. litical struggle nationally and internationally as an envi. Paradoxically the 1970s slid slowly into moods of reac. ronment minister This gave some hope that the environ. tion and isolation while at the same time a series of UN. ment was not destined to remain a side issue in central. conferences offered hope for greater co operation on ma. political decision making, jor issues The 1972 UN Conference on the Human Envi.
In the final analysis I decided to accept the challenge The ronment brought the industrialized and developing nations. From A 42 427 Our Common Future Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development 1987. together to delineate the rights of the human family to a ing countries The downward spiral of poverty and envi. healthy and productive environment A string of such meet ronmental degradation is a waste of opportunities and of. ings followed on the rights of people to adequate food to resources In particular it is a waste of human resources. sound housing to safe water to access to means of choos These links between poverty inequality and environmen. ing the size of their families tal degradation formed a major theme in our analysis and. recommendations What is needed now is a new era of. The present decade has been marked by a retreat from so. economic growth growth that is forceful and at the same. cial concerns Scientists bring to our attention urgent but. time socially and environmentally sustainable, complex problems bearing on our very survival a warm. ing globe threats to the Earth s ozone layer deserts con Due to the scope of our work and to the need to have a. suming agricultural land We respond by demanding more wide perspective I was very much aware of the need to. details and by assigning the problems to institutions ill put together a highly qualified and influential political and. equipped to cope with them Environmental degradation scientific team to constitute a truly independent Commis. Our Common Future Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development 1987 UNITED NATIONS A General Assembly Distr GENERAL A 42 427 4 August 1987 ENGLISH ORIGINAL ARABIC CHINESE ENGLISH FRENCH RUSSIAN SPANISH Forty second session Item 83 e of the provisional agenda DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC CO OPERATION ENVIRONMENT Report of the World Commission on

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