UK Prison Population Statistics

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2 UK Prison Population Statistics, Summary 3, 1 England Wales 5. 1 1 Long term trends 5, 1 2 Recent trends and projections 6. 1 3 Sentence length and offences 7, 1 4 Prisoner demographics 9. Age profile of prisoners 9, Nationality 9, Ethnicity 11. Religion 11, 1 5 Prison overcrowding 12, 2 Scotland 14.
2 1 Long term trends 14, 2 2 Recent trends and projections 15. 2 3 Current average daily population 16, 2 4 Age profile of prisoners 16. 2 5 Ethnicity and Religion 17, 2 6 Supervision level 18. 3 Northern Ireland 20, 3 1 Recent trends and projections 20. 3 2 Age profile of prisoners 21, 4 Cost per prisoner 22.
5 International comparisons 23, 5 1 Prison Population 23. 5 2 Cost 24, The underlying data to the charts are available in a separate Excel file . Cover image Wormwood Scrubs in the borough of Hammersmith and. Fulham London viewed from outside behind the prison walls Julian. Tysoe 18 October 2010 Free to use under Creative Commons Attribution. 2 0 Generic licence , 3 Commons Library Briefing 23 July 2019. This briefing paper explores data on the UK prison population including the. population size and change over time the demographic profile of prisoners . safety in prisons and the cost per prisoner , Prisons are a devolved so UK prison statistics are published separately for. England and Wales the Ministry of Justice Scotland the Scottish. Government and Northern Ireland the Department of Justice This briefing. also compares the UK with other countries , Weekly prison population data are available for England Wales and Scotland.
and quarterly data are available for Northern Ireland The latest available data. show a current prison population of approximately 92 400 comprising. 82 676 in England and Wales 1 , 8 205 in Scotland 2 and. 1 487 in Northern Ireland these all at the end of June 2019 3. In addition to these snapshots all jurisdictions publish the average annual. prison population which was approximately 82 295 in England and Wales in. 2018 and 7 464 in Scotland and 1 439 in Northern Ireland for the financial. year 2017 18 , There is a general underlying increasing trend in the number of people held. in prison The graph below shows prison population change relative to 1900. and relative to 2000 for Northern Ireland , CHANGE IN THE PRISON POPULATION OF GREAT BRITAIN SINCE 1900. 400 England and Wales, 100 Northern Ireland, 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020. Source MoJ England and Wales Offender Management Statistics Quarterly various years Scottish. Government Prison statistics and population projections DoJ Northern Ireland The Northern Ireland Prison. Population 2017 18 , The prison population of England Wales quadrupled in size between 1900.
and 2018 with around half of this increase taking place since 1990 The. Scottish prison population almost doubled in size since 1900 and rose 60 . since 1990 , Ministry of Justice Offender Management statistics quarterly October to December 2018. Scottish Prison Service Prison Population, Department of Justice Weekly Situation Reports 2018 19. 4 UK Prison Population Statistics, The data series for Northern Ireland begins in 2000 Between 2000 and. 2017 18 the prison population of Northern Ireland increased by 35 . although the prison population is currently at its lowest since 2006 . To put the prison population in context it is possible to calculate the number. of prisoners per 100 000 people in the general population At the most recent. count there were , 174 prisoners per 100 000 of the population in England and. Wales in 2018, 166 per 100 000 in Scotland 2017 18 and.
96 per 100 000 in Northern Ireland 2017 18 , In each jurisdiction prison population projections are made on a regular basis . At the most recent estimate the prison population in 2022 is projected to. reach 85 800 in England and Wales 7 800 in Scotland and 2 251 in Northern. Ireland approximately 96 000 in total 4, There are many other statistics on the prison population available for England. and Wales which are published in the Ministry of Justice s Offender. Management Statistics Quarterly The key findings are that at March 2019 . The prison population is ageing in 2002 16 were under the age of. 21 compared with 6 in 2019 and the number over the age of 50. went from 7 in 2002 to 16 in 2019 , Prison sentences were longer in 2019 than in 2010 with 48 being. over 4 years compared with 33 in 2019 5 , Foreign nationals made up 11 of the prison population . People of minority ethnicities made up 27 of the prison population. compared with 13 of the general population , In May 2019 .
62 of prisons in England and Wales were over crowded 6. Each jurisdiction also publishes data on the cost per prisoner or prison. place In 2017 18 the average direct cost per prison place was 26 274 in. England and Wales 35 293 in Scotland and 55 304 in Northern Ireland 7. Ministry of Justice Prison population projections 2018 2023 Scottish Government Prison. statistics and population projections Scotland 2013 14 Northern Ireland Prison Service FOI. Case No 13 454, Excludes indeterminate length sentences. MoJ Population bulletin monthly May 2019, MoJ Prison performance statistics 2017 18 Scottish Prison Service Annual report and. accounts 2017 18 appendix 8a Northern Ireland Prison Service Annual report and. accounts 2017 18 p 14, 5 Commons Library Briefing 23 July 2019. 1 England Wales, 1 1 Long term trends, The Ministry of Justice has produced a time series of annual average prison. population for each year from 1900 to 2013 Since 2014 it has published a. quarterly bulletin on the average prison population in the preceding 12. AVERAGE TOTAL PRISON POPULATION ENGLAND WALES 1900 2018 000s . Source MoJ England and Wales Offender Management Statistics Quarterly various years. The average annual prison population quadrupled between 1900 and 2018 . going from just over 17 400 to around 83 300 The prison population was. relatively stable between 1915 and 1945 From 1940 the prison population. grew steadily although there was a small period in the early 1990s when it. decreased for four consecutive years before rising steeply again in the. subsequent decade Since 2010 the average prison population has remained. relatively stable , The UK general population also grew during this time To put the numbers in.
context in 1900 there were 86 prisoners per 100 000 people in the general. population and in 2018 there were 174 per 100 000 The lowest rate. recorded was at the start of the 1940s when there were around 33 prisoners. per 100 000 people , In 2018 5 of the prison population was female down from 17 in 1900 . The chart below shows that the decline has been relatively steady over time . The proportion of the prison population that was female 2 which occurred. in 1968 and 1969 , 6 UK Prison Population Statistics. FEMALES AS A PROPORTION OF THE PRISON POPULATION, Decade averages. Source MoJ Offender Management Statistics Quarterly various years. Notes 2010 s is the average of the years 2010 2018 . In 1900 there were 152 male prisoners per 100 000 men in the population . This rate has increased to 339 per 100 000 in 2018 There were 27 female. prisoners per 100 000 head of female population in 1900 In 2018 this rate. had decreased to 16 per 100 000 8, 1 2 Recent trends and projections. The prison population passed 80 000 for the first time in December 2006 and. 85 000 in June 2010 In November 2011 the prison population reached its. highest level of just over 88 000 As at 30 June 2019 the total prison. population was 82 676 , The chart shows the prison population at month end since January 2010 .
Note that the Y vertical axis is truncated to make small changes more visible . PRISON POPULATION AT MONTH END, England and Wales 2010 2019 000s . 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019. Source MoJ Offender Management Statistics Quarterly various years. The rise in the prison population over the last months of 2011 can be at least. partially explained by the remanding and sentencing of individuals following. MoJ Offender Management Statistics Quarterly October December 2013 24 April 2014 . MoJ Offender Management Statistics Quarterly various years. 7 Commons Library Briefing 23 July 2019, the riots in England in August 2011 9 The population in 2017 peaked in. November 86 327 which was the highest since September 2012 In. December 2018 it was at 82 236 which was the lowest point in the series . The latest prison population projections were released in August 2018 and. are shown below , CURRENT PROJECTIONS ARE OF A STABLE PRISON POPULATION. England and Wales 000s , Population the bars , Past projections the dots have. 100 Current, varied in accuracy, 90 projections, 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022.
Source Ministry of Justice Prison population projections various editions . Notes Population figure is at the end of June The latest projection is shown for each year Projections. taken from the projections made in the previous year under a no change to sentencing rate scenario . The projections forecast that the prison population will grow to 85 800 by. June 2022 The projections include a rise in prisoners serving a determinate. sentence and on remand and a fall in those serving indeterminate sentences. imprisonment for the public protection IPP 10, It should be noted that older projections forecasted a much higher prison. population than is currently the case for example the 2014 20 projections. predicted that the prison population of England and Wales would have. exceeded 90 000 by June 2019 whereas the true figure was below 83 000 . 1 3 Sentence length and offences, As at the end of March 2019 the most frequent length of sentence being. served was a determinate 11 sentence of over 4 years Around 48 of the. sentenced population were serving this length of sentence About a quarter of. prisoners were serving sentences ranging between 1 4 years and around 13 . had indeterminate sentences , See MoJ Statistical bulletin on the public disorder of 6th 9th August 2011 13 September. The House of Commons Library has a briefing paper on IPP sentences . A determinate prison sentence is for a fixed length of time An indeterminate prison. sentence doesn t have a fixed length , 8 UK Prison Population Statistics. PRISON POPULATION BY SENTENCE LENGTH, England and Wales prisoners sentenced to immediate custody.
2005 2010 2015 2019, Less than one 1 4 years Over 4 years Indeterminate Recall. year determinate, Source MoJ Offender Management Caseload Statistics 2010 Tables Offender Management Statistics. Quarterly Various Years, Notes Data at end of June in 2005 September in 2010 and 2015 and March in 2019 Excludes those. where sentence length was not recorded , Prisoners in custody for violence against the person VATP offences accounted. for the highest proportion of prisoners at the end of March 2019 26 . Sexual theft and drug offences each accounted for between 12 and 18 . of the reason offenders were in prison , As shown in the chart below VATP accounted for the largest share of adult.
and juvenile offenders in custody However a smaller proportion of juvenile. offenders were in prison for sexual offences and a larger proportion were in. for drug offences robbery and possession of weapons . VIOLENCE AGAINST THE PERSON IS THE LARGEST OFFENCE CATEGORY. All prisoners by age at March 2019, 0 10 20 30 40 50 . Violence against the person, Sexual offences, Drug offences. Theft Offences, Miscellaneous crimes , Possession of weapons. Summary Non Motoring Adults 18 , Fraud Offences, Juveniles 15 17 . Public order offences, Criminal damage and arson, Summary motoring.
Offence not recorded, Source MoJ Offender Management Statistics Quarterly October to December 2018 table 1 2b. Notes Only includes offenders sentenced to immediate custody Miscellaneous crimes miscellaneous. crimes against society , 9 Commons Library Briefing 23 July 2019. 1 4 Prisoner demographics, Age profile of prisoners. AGE PROFILE OF PRISONERS , The current data series on prisoner age MARCH 2019. goes back to 2002 The proportion of England Wales. offenders under the age of 21 has Age Number Percentage. decreased since 2002 when they 15 17 625 1 , represented around 16 of the prison 18 20 4 105 5 .
population At the end of March under 21 24 9 391 11 . 21s accounted for 6 of the prison 25 29 14 616 18 . population a decrease of approximately 30 39 25 658 31 . 6 000 since 2002 40 49 14 619 18 , 50 59 8 562 10 . The proportion of offenders aged 60 5 058 6 , between 21 and 29 also decreased over Total 82 634 100 . the last 5 years accounting for 34 of, the prison population in 2012 and 29 in March 2019 The proportion of 30 . 39 year olds has remained relatively stable around 30 except for a small. dip in 2010 The proportion of prisoners aged over 50 increased from 7 in. 2002 to 16 in March 2019 , The chart below shows the change in the age profile of prisoners over the last. The UK general population also grew during this time To put the numbers in context in 1900 there were 86 prisoners per 100 000 people in the general population and in 2018 there were 174 per 100 000 The lowest rate recorded was at the start of the 1940s when there were around 33 prisoners per 100 000 people Gender In 2018 5 of the prison population was female down from 17 in 1900

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