Towards a protection of the Syrian cultural heritage A

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Dr Silvia Perini and Dr Emma Cunliffe,in association with. Heritage for Peace,Silvia Perini perini sil gmail com. Heritage for Peace contact heritageforpeace org,Published by Heritage for Peace 2015. Hotel d Entitats,Rutlla 20 22,Girona Catalonia 17002. All rights reserved,Table of Contents,Introduction 5.
Activities to protect Syria s Archaeological Heritage 7. 1 National Actions and Local Initiatives 7,a Projects 7. i Status of Staff 7,ii Status of the Site and Museum Records 8. iii Status of Sites 9,iv Status of Artefacts 9,v Cooperation with Local Authorities 10. vi Cooperation with International Authorities 10, vii Local Initiatives Construction of Museums and Libraries 11. viii Local Initiatives Locals Work to Protect Sites 12. ix Local Initiatives New Groups 13, b Awareness Raising Campaigns Events Calls Exhibitions 14.
c Workshops Training Courses Internal 16,d Reports Maps 17. 2 International Actions 18,a Projects and Documentation 18. x Site and Object Inventories 18,xi Damage Assessment Reports and Databases 20. xii Information Databases Other 25,xiii Reconstruction Projects and Conservation 27. xiv Projects Fighting Illicit Trafficking 29,xv Projects Other 32.
b Awareness Raising Talks Conferences Discussions Workshops etc 33. xvi Cooperation Discussions 33,xvii Appeals Calls Offers of Aid 34. xviii Conferences Workshops 35,xix Speeches Talks 45. xx Exhibitions 47,xxi Awareness Raising Other 49,c Laws Legislation and Resolutions 52. xxii Implemented 52,xxiii Proposed 53,d Training Courses 57. e Military Operations 59,f Academic Publications 59.
g Others 61,Conclusions 65,Appendix 1 Group Information Updates 69. Introduction1, Humans are important but our history is the second most important thing If. we lose these monuments we will kill our history, Hakyat al Shmal member of the Syrian Association for Preserving Heritage and Ancient Landmark 13 May 2013. During this last year and since the publication of the report Towards a protection of the Syrian. cultural heritage A summary of the international responses Volume II March 2014. September 2014 here called September 2014 Report and its preceding volume March. 2014 Report many more crucial activities have been undertaken towards the protection of the. Syrian heritage There is thus a need to create an update of such activities However the majority. of the organisations groups listed in the September 2014 report are now working in collaboration. within each other to develop new projects leading to a considerable increase in collaborative. projects Because of this major change from the previous years the format of this report presents. a new shape that reflects such changes new activities are now listed under the broad. classifications of action type instead of an alphabetic list of organisations groups. An even broader classification has been undertaken between national local and international. actions With this classification in place the following typologies of action have been observed. Projects and Documentation, Awareness Raising Campaigns Events Calls Exhibitions Talks etc. Workshops Training Courses,Reports Maps,Exhibitions.
Training Courses,Laws Legislation and Resolutions,Military Operations. Academic Publications, In addition an appendix is included at the end of the report providing an update of information. about some of the groups and information about the newest groups. The authors wish to thank Paul Bishop for the final proofreading. In addition the data collection for this report could not have been accomplished without the Heritage for Peace. In addition,Newsletter,the data Team,collection,reportWaseem. accomplished,Bishop The,also particularly, Damage Newsletter Team Dr Greg Fisher Waseem Albahri and Paul Bishop The authors are also particularly. grateful to Lydia Magnavacca for her extensive assistance in data recording and logging the international actions. It must be stressed that many actions overlap into multiple categories The assignment to a. particular category is intended for ease of reference for the reader Some actions are repeated in. multiple sections to limit the amount of cross referencing necessary to check work in a given. area In addition many actions were conducted by multiple groups and many projects are. carried out in partnership between external groups and Syrians Those projects are published. primarily under International Actions but the distinction is arbitrary and largely based on whose. the website the action is published on It is also intended to aid understanding of which groups. have contributed to assisting Syria, Actions and initiatives undertaken towards the protection of the Syrian intangible heritage are.
not included in this report, Activities to protect Syria s Archaeological Heritage. 1 National Actions and Local Initiatives,a Projects. i Status of Staff,14 Staff killed, As of the publication of this report the DGAM have lost 14 staff protecting the heritage of Syria. Some were killed during shelling of the buildings they worked in others by snipers on their way. into work Some were threatened not to go to work and when they did so they were killed. In addition Khalad al Assad a retired member of the DGAM and world expert on the site of. Palmyra was killed by Da esh Several others have been injured some seriously 2. The DGAM has committed to provide extra budget to help those affected by the conflict. providing support including accommodation and transporting if possible new offices in safer. areas In addition sometimes it has offered some workers in besieged areas to stay in their towns. for security reasons and work with the local community to raise awareness in protecting cultural. heritage During this crisis it is difficult for staff to gain access to areas of active conflict travel. in some areas was hazardous However the DGAM s Field personnel regularly risk their lives to. protect their cultural heritage by collecting and passing on information on archaeological sites. using a wide range of telecommunication aids fixed and mobile telephones and computer. networks 3,Volunteer Conservation Project 13 Jul 12 Aug 2014. The Directorate of Scientific and Restoration Laboratories at the DGAM have launched a. volunteer project at the Damascus University with the aim of qualifying and training more. national staff and involving students of Damascus University in restoration works 4. Staff save antiquities from Da esh May 2015, Read about the race to remove the artefacts from Palmyra museum before Da esh arrived and.
the losses suffered by the Syrians who did it 5, DGAM Website Available at http www dgam gov sy d 314 id 1812 Accessed 10 10 15. Agudo Villanueva M 2014 Interview with Maamoun Abdulkarim more than 6000 archaeological artifacts has. returned to Syria during the past three years Mediterr neo Antiguo 11 August 2014 Available at. http www mediterraneoantiguo com 2014 08 interview with maamoun abdulkarim more html Accessed. Milhem R and Said H 2014 Together We Restore Syria s Antiquities SANA Available at. http www sana sy en p 5920 Accessed 09 07 14, Bowen J 2015 The men saving Syria s treasures from Isis New Statesman 22 Sep 2015 Available at. http www newstatesman com culture art design 2015 09 men saving syria s treasures isis Accessed 10 10 15. ii Status of the Site and Museum Records, June 2014 The DGAM have worked to digitise the records and plans of 1500 castles museums. archaeological sites and mosques in province of Aleppo 6. Dec 2014 They have created a database of icons from Syrian Churches to help preserve and. reduce trafficking of stolen icons archaeological finds from churches 7. Mar 2015 More than 1000 files for built cultural heritage have been digitised to preserve the. original archive at risk of damage due to the crisis Files include historic documents maps and. building blueprints 8, June 2015 According to the DGAM presentation at the Strategies for Restoration and. Reconstruction Museums Heritage Sites and Archaeological Parks in Post War Countries. Conference Bern 25 June 2015 the DGAM have created a database of sites and are recording. the damage to them Files are available as Google Earth kmz and GIS shapefiles and on the. website By the end of 2015 they aim to have 160 000 electronic records and 150 000 objects. will have been photographed 9, July 2015 The DGAM reported on the progress of their centralized database of archaeological.
archives of the DGAM in Damascus It combines the databases of the Syrian museums and of. archaeological sites which are listed in GIS based maps So far around 134 000 objects from the. museums of Damascus Palmyra Aleppo and Hama are integrated in the database Work on the. data of the Damascus old city Damascus Citadel and Bosra is completed A unified cataloguing. system of museums objects in Syria was made available in 2012 in English and Arabic A. looted objects database is currently being developed Data is open to researchers and editors The. output of GIS documentation will be produced as site maps risk and damage map All. information is electronically published 10, DGAM Website Available at http dgam gov sy index php d 239 id 1143 Accessed 07 02 14. DGAM Website Available at http www dgam gov sy index php d 314 id 1545 Accessed 21 08 15. DGAM Website Available at http www dgam gov sy index php d 314 id 1607 Accessed 21 08 15. Notes taken by Cunliffe during the conference, Almidani A and Gerrouge T 2015 DGAM Digital Information Systems for built and movable heritage. Presentation given at the Syrian Cultural Heritage Initiatives Meeting in Berlin 31 July 2015. iii Status of Sites, Jun 2014 In addition to documenting the damage to sites and publishing the information on. their website Dr Maamoun Abdulkarim and DGAM technicians have been visiting monuments. to determine their conditions and plan emergency interventions wherever possible for example. visiting Crac des Chevaliers and those in Homs with the Minister of Culture 11. Ongoing DGAM staff continues to work with local communities to protect sites from illegal. development and looting and other forms of damage,iv Status of Artefacts. Mar 2015 300 000 Artifacts and Manuscripts from 34 Syrian Museums have been wrapped and. transported to secret locations for safekeeping including those from Palmyra 12. May 2016 The Syrian Cultural Heritage in Palmyra The DGAM released a statement on. Palmyra about the challenges and risks it is facing 13. Sep 2015 All artefacts in Palmyra were transported to safety before the arrival of Da esh 14. Sep 2015 99 of museum artefacts has been transferred to a safe place 15. Ongoing DGAM staff continue to work with local communities to protect artefacts many of. which local people have saved from looting, DGAM Website Available at http www dgam gov sy d 314 id 1294 Accessed 30 06 14.
Neuendorft H 2015 Syria s Top Museum Hides 300 000 Artifacts To Protect Them From Looting ArteNet. News Website Available at https news artnet com in brief syria cultural heritage isis 282284 Accessed. DGAM Website Available at http www dgam gov sy index php d 177 id 1701 Accessed 30 05 15. Bowen J 2015 The men saving Syria s treasures from Isis New Statesman 22 Sep 2015 Available at. http www newstatesman com culture art design 2015 09 men saving syria s treasures isis Accessed 10 10 15. DGAM Website Available at http www dgam gov sy index php d 314 id 1708 Accessed 09 09 15. v Cooperation with Local Authorities, As part of their work to protect the Syrian heritage the DGAM are strengthening cooperation. with local authorities As of summer 2014 more than 6000 archaeological artifacts has returned. during the past three years through confiscations carried out by the concerned bodies the police. the customs the governorate the municipalities and other public bodies in Damascus Tartus. Palmyra Homs Hama Deir ez Zor etc Cooperate with Organizations governmental and. non governmental Universities and various private Associations Engineering union. Architecture University Heritage commissions Archaeology University Organize trainings for. university students on the protection of cultural heritage in critical areas In some cases DGAM. collaborating with military in the service of rescuing museums like what happened in Homs and. Deir ez Zor 16,vi Cooperation with International Authorities. In addition to the listed projects many activities in the field of cultural heritage have been. carried out with international assistance Cooperating with the international organizations in. exchanging visions and information raising awareness and building capacities as UNESCO. ICOM ICOMOS ICCROM the Arab Regional Centre for World Heritage ARC WH in. Bahrain The World Monuments Fund WMF and others Cooperation continued with. INTERPOL by keeping track of the damages done to the cultural heritage since the beginning of. the crisis this close collaboration succeeded in fighting trafficking in Syrian antiquities Objects. continue to be seized internationally Lebanon particularly have returned a number of seized. objects 17, Agudo Villanueva M 2014 Interview with Maamoun Abdulkarim more than 6000 archaeological artifacts has. returned to Syria during the past three years Mediterr neo Antiguo 11 August 2014 Available at. http www mediterraneoantiguo com 2014 08 interview with maamoun abdulkarim more html Accessed. Towards a protection of the Syrian cultural heritage A summary of the national and international responses Volume III Sept 2014 Sept 2015 by Silvia Perini and Emma Cunliffe in association with Heritage for Peace October 2015 2 Page Dr Silvia Perini and Dr Emma Cunliffe in association with Heritage for Peace Contact Silvia Perini perini sil gmail com Heritage for Peace contact

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