To SPA OWNERS AND OPERATORS Health Unit

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T CXKF E GQYP,GFKECN 1HHKEGT QH GCNVJ,2WDNKE GCNVJ. 8KEVQTKC 5VTGGV VJ NQQT,6QTQPVQ 1PVCTKQ 9,To SPA OWNERS AND OPERATORS. Re Operating and Maintaining Public Spas, The provincial government now has a regulation that governs the operation of public spas hot. tubs Ontario Regulation 428 05 under the Health Protection and Promotion Act 1990 To. ensure compliance with these new mandatory requirements Public Health Inspectors will carry. out routine inspection of public spas, To assist you in meeting the requirements Toronto Public Health has created the Spa Operator s. Manual It contains information and guidance to help maintain a safe and healthy spa This. manual is also available on our website at toronto ca health. Owners operators are legally responsible for ensuring that spas are operated and maintained in. accordance with provincial requirements Failure to comply exposes bathers to unnecessary. risks such as water borne communicable diseases and life threatening injuries. Public Health Inspectors will issue reports listing any contravention of the Regulation or the Act. These contraventions should be rectified immediately. Public Health Inspectors are also available for consultation on compliance issues To reach an. inspector please call Toronto Health Connection at 416 338 7600. Thank you for your cooperation in ensuring a safe and healthy environment for spa users. Dr David McKeown,Medical Officer of Health,Table of Content.
Letter from the Medical Officer of Health 1,Introduction 7. Exemption from Ontario Regulation 428 05 Public Spas 8. Operator Designation and Training 9,Notification of Public Spa Opening 9. Alteration 10,Re opening a Public Spa after Construction 10. Re opening a Public Spa after Closure more than four weeks 10. Operation General Requirements 11,Safe and Sanitary Condition 11. Carpeting 11,Dressing Rooms Water Closets and Showers 12.
Food or Beverage 12,Premise is Inaccessible when Closed 12. Water Treatment Water Balance 13,Oxidation Reduction Potential ORP 14. ORP 700 mV 15,Cyanurate Stabilizer Use 15,Clarity 15. Filtration and Chemical Feeders 16,Water Replacement 16. Public Spa 4000 Litres 17,A Meter to Measure Make Up Water 17.
Public Spa 4000 Litres 17,Inspection Prior to Refilling a Public Spa 18. Water Temperature 18,Timing Device 19,Timing Device Notice and Location 19. Suction System 20,Clock is Installed In a Conspicuous Location 21. Emergency Telephone 22,Emergency Telephone Notice and Location 22. Emergency Notice Content 22,Emergency Stop Button 23.
Emergency Stop Button Notice and Location 23,Emergency Equipment for Spa 3 Metres 24. Duplicate Emergency Equipment not Required 24,Markings on the Deck 25. First Aid Box 25,Maximum Capacity 26,Maximum Bather Notice 26. Table of Contents,Caution Notice and Location 27,Bather Shall Shower 28. Bather Shall Shower Sign Location 28,Daily Inspection 28.
Manual Tests 29,Time and Frequency of Manual Tests 29. Tests with ORP Unit 29,Emergency Telephone Test 30. Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter GFCI 30,Water Meter Reading 30. Daily Records 31,Maintain Daily Records 31,Record Keeping 32. Monthly Inspections 32,Weekly Inspections 32,Written Records 33.
Public Spas Signage Required 34,Appendices 37,Appendix 1 Glossary 38. Appendix 2 Public Spa Opening Notification Form 42. Appendix 3 Filtration 43,Filter Head Operation 43,Appendix 4 Gauges 44. Single Pressure Gauge System 44,Appendix 5 Two Pressure Gauge System 45. Why Follow the Gauges 45,Appendix 6 General Backwash Procedure 46. How to Backwash 46,Appendix 7 Water Balance 47,Appendix 8 pH 48.
Effects of pH 48,Appendix 9 Effects of pH on Hypochlorous Acid 49. Total Alkalinity TA 49,Appendix 10 Chemicals and Effects on Spa Water 50. Effects of Total Alkalinity 50,Appendix 11 Calcium Hardness 51. Effects of Calcium Hardness 51,Appendix 12 Frequency of Water Tests 52. Appendix 13 Bromination 53,Effects of Bromination 53.
Appendix 14 Types of Chlorine Residuals 54,Chlorination 54. Table of Content,Appendix 15 Superchlorination 56,Stabilization 56. Appendix 16 Criteria for Closing a Public Spa 57,Appendix 17 Handling Chemicals Safely 58. Appendix 18 Spa Daily Inspection and Records 59,Spa Hourly Water Tests 59. Appendix 19 Weekly Test for Cyanuric Acid 60,Appendix 20 Spa Monthly Tests 61.
Appendix 21 Spa Monthly Test for additional Vacuum Release Mechanism 62. Appendix 22 Example of Acceptable Suction Covers 63. Appendix 23 A Detailed View of a Typical Spa Setup View A 64. Appendix 24 A Detailed View of a Typical Spa Setup View B 65. Introduction, Spas have been implicated in numerous serious or fatal injuries They have. also been the source of ear nose and throat infections skin rashes as well as. stomach upsets and diarrhea, This manual is designed to provide basic information on the minimum safety. standards required to operate a public spa It will help spa operators comply. with Ontario Regulation 428 05 Public Spas under the Health Protection and. Promotion Act Revised Statutes of Ontario 1990 c H 7. This manual is to be used as a reference document only It is not a substitute. for Ontario Regulation 428 05 It is also not a substitute for the professional. expertise of spa maintenance companies or Public Health Inspectors. Exemption from Ontario Regulation 428 05 Public Spas. Not every spa is covered by this Regulation The Regulation does not apply to spas. serving five or fewer units or suites provided a sign is displayed as set out in the. Regulations,Section 2 1,In this section, Class A pool has the same meaning as in Regulation 565 of the Revised. Regulations of Ontario 1990 Public Pools made under the Act. Class B pool has the same meaning as in Regulation 565 of the Revised. Regulations of Ontario 1990 Public Pools made under the Act. Section 2 3, A public spa operated on the premises of a hotel that contains five or fewer units of. suites for the use of its guest and their visitors is exempt from this Regulation if the. following notice is displayed in a conspicuous place within the public spa enclosure. printed in letters at least 25 millimetres high with a minimum five millimetre stroke. USE SPA AT YOUR OWN RISK,THIS SPA IS NOT SUBJECT TO THE.
REQUIREMENTS OF,ONTARIO REGULATION 428 05 PUBLIC SPAS. Section 2 2,This Regulation applies to the following. public spas whether or not they are operated,in conjunction with a Class A pool or a Class. B pool and to all buildings appurtenances,and equipment used in their operation. Operator Designation and Training, Professional spa service companies are increasingly getting involved in the day to day.
operations and maintenance of public spas with increasing numbers of spas in facilities. such as hotels motels apartments condominiums and fitness clubs. Owners operators need to ensure that all people performing water quality control. and or system component maintenance have the necessary training and are. competent even if they are from a professional spa service company. Section 3 1,Every owner shall designate an operator. Section 3 2,Every operator shall be trained in public spa. operation and maintenance filtration systems water. chemistry and all relevant safety and emergency,procedures. Notification of Public Spa Opening, The Regulation requires owners operators to notify the Medical Officer of Health of. their intention to open or re open a public spa Failure to notify may result in legal. action and fines,Section 4 2,Before a public spa is put into use after.
construction or alteration the owner or the owner s. agent shall give to the medical officer of health in the. health unit where the spa is located written notice of. a the building permit number issued for the,construction or alteration of the spa. b whether or not all the preparations,necessary to operate the spa in. accordance with this Regulation have,been completed. c the date that the spa is intended to be,opened or re opened for use and. d the operator s name and address,Alteration,Section 4 1.
In this section alteration does not include routine. maintenance or repair or replacement of existing,Re opening a Public Spa after Construction. Section 4 3,An owner who proposes to open or re open a spa. for use as a public spa after construction or alteration. shall not open or re open the spa without first,obtaining permission in writing from the medical. officer of health in the health unit where the spa is. Re opening a Public Spa after Closure more than four weeks. Section 4 4,Every owner who intends to re open a public spa. after any closure of more than four weeks duration. shall first give to the medical officer of health in the. health unit where the spa is located written notice of. a the date that the spa is intended to be re,opened and.
b the operator s name and address 4 weeks,Operation General Requirements. Under section five of the Regulation spa owners operators are required to conduct. routine checks on a daily weekly and monthly basis These checks include operational. maintenance servicing and component replacement issues. Owners operators are encouraged to develop a maintenance plan to ensure. compliance,Safe and Sanitary Condition,Section 5 1. Every owner and operator shall,a maintain the public spa and its equipment. in a safe and sanitary condition,b ensure that all components of the public. spa and its equipment are maintained in,proper working order.
c ensure that all emergency equipment,required by this Regulation is maintained. in proper working order,d ensure that all surfaces of the public spa. deck and walls are maintained in a,sanitary condition and free from potential. Section 5 1,Every owner and operator shall,e ensure that carpeting or other water. retentive material is not installed or used in,any area that becomes or may become.
wet during the daily use period,Dressing Rooms Water Closets and Showers. Section 5 1,Every owner and operator shall,f if they are provided ensure that dressing. rooms water closets and shower facilities are,i available for use of the bathers. before entering the deck and,ii maintained in a sanitary. condition and free from,potential hazards,Food or Beverage.
Section 5 1,Every owner and operator shall,g ensure that no person brings a glass. container onto the deck or into the public,h ensure that no food or beverage except. water is supplied or consumed in the,public spa or on the deck. Premise is Inaccessible when Closed,Section 5 2,Every owner and operator shall ensure that except. during the daily use period the public spa is, inaccessible to persons who are not involved with its.
operation inspection or maintenance,Water Treatment Water Balance. In order for the sanitizer chlorine or bromine to destroy harmful organic matter the spa. water must be in proper balance, Proper balance means that the total alkalinity pH chlorine bromine oxidation reduction. potential if available and cyanuric acid if used must be maintained at levels as. outlined in the Regulation Maintain the range outlined in Sections 6 1 to 6 4 of the. Regulation for these values to ensure proper balance Calcium hardness total dissolved. solids and temperature should also be considered in water balance. Total Alkalinity not less than 80 mg l,pH 7 2 7 8,Free Available. Chlorine or 5 10 mg l,Total Bromine,if provided not less than 700mV. Oxidation Reduction,Potential ORP,Cyanuric Acid not greater than 150 mg l.
Section 6 1, Every owner and operator shall ensure that the public spa water is treated with. chlorine a chlorine compound or a bromine compound by means of a chemical. feeder and is maintained so that in every part of the spa and at all times during the. daily use period, a the total alkalinity is not less than 80 milligrams per litre. b the pH value is within the range of 7 2 to 7 8, c there is a residual of free available chlorine or total bromine of at least five. but not more than 10 milligrams per litre,Oxidation Reduction Potential ORP. An ORP reading on an automatic sensing device controller of a spa is an indicator of. the sanitizer s chlorine or bromine ability to destroy harmful organic matter in the. water such as bacteria viruses human waste etc This is measured in milli volts. The ORP value is affected by both the pH hydrogen ion concentration and the. amount of cyanuric acid in the spa water As the amount of cyanuric acid increases. the effectiveness of chlorine bromine decreases This results in a reduction in the ORP. reading Similarly as pH increases there will be a reduction in the ORP reading. However as the amount of hypochlorous acid in the water increases the pH will. decrease resulting in an increase in the ORP reading. The accuracy of an ORP reading is also dependent upon proper installation and. maintenance of measuring equipment The electrodes probes that measure the ORP. are designed to operate with a set volume of water flowing past it Probes must be kept. clean and free of any deposits to give accurate ORP readings Further information on. the proper maintenance of such equipment can be obtained from the manufacturer. This manual is designed to provide basic information on the minimum safety standards required to operate a public spa It will help spa operators comply with Ontario Regulation 428 05 Public Spas under the Health Protection and Promotion Act Revised Statutes of Ontario 1990 c H 7 This manual is to be used as a reference document only It is

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