The Iliad The Odyssey

The Iliad The Odyssey-PDF Download

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To my dad for always expecting my best, and to the St Charles class of 2005 for bringing these characters to life. and to Bernard and Dorothy Evslin and Ned Hoopes for breathing life into. my childhood with their inspired stories of heroes and monsters. I would like to thank Shanna Streich and Jenn Durrant for their advice support and friend. ship I would also like to thank my editor Sarah Longhi and everyone who had a hand in. making this book for their faith and encouragement Thanks to Lucy Hughes for help at the. British Museum Library Reading Room Thanks and gratitude to Professor Barbara. MacLachlan for her scholarship and classes in ancient epic And a super special thanks to. Renato Patrick W Alex Adam Patrick D Richard G Peter Mikey and Derrick my first. Achilles for their unbounded enthusiasm for the ancient world. Scholastic Inc grants teachers permission to photocopy the reproducible pages from this book for class. room use No other part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or in part or stored in a. retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic mechanical photocopying. recording or otherwise without permission of the publisher For information regarding permission write. to Permissions Department Scholastic Inc 557 Broadway New York NY 10012 3999. Cover design by Jason Robinson,Interior design by Melinda Belter. Cover Illustrations by Jeff Carino,Interior illustrations by George Ulrich. ISBN 13 978 0439 62918 8,ISBN 10 0 439 62918 7, Copyright 2006 by Gwen Bowers All rights reserved Printed in the U S A. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 40 13 12 11 10 09 08 07, Read Aloud Plays The Iliad The Odyssey and The Aeneid Gwen Bowers Published by Scholastic Teaching Resources.
Introduction,Is It Possible to Teach Classical Literature to. Middle School Students Yes 4, If You Choose to Produce the Plays Some Don t Sweat It Basics 6. Activities for Building Background,Pronunciation Is a Key to Success 8. Introducing Greek and Roman Gods and Goddesses 10,Fascinating Facts 13. Activities for Extending Learning,Map Adventure Through Ancient Lands 14.
Using Art to Convey Meaning Greek Vases 19,An Introduction to The Iliad 22. The Iliad a read aloud play 25,Story Summary 1 33,Story Summary 2 35. Themes for Reflection 37,An Introduction to The Odyssey 39. The Odyssey a read aloud play 41,Story Summary 1 56. Story Summary 2 58,Themes for Reflection 60,An Introduction to The Aeneid 62.
The Aeneid a read aloud play 64,Story Summary 1 74. Story Summary 2 76,Themes for Reflection 78,Answer Key 80. Resources 81, Read Aloud Plays The Iliad The Odyssey and The Aeneid Gwen Bowers Published by Scholastic Teaching Resources. INTRODUCTION,background and history that describe,Is It Possible to Teach. Classical Literature to activities that help you teach the content and. assess students learning,Middle School Students YES.
There is no better time to address universal issues About the Plays. like friendship suffering and betrayal than in the How do the three epic tales retold in these plays. preteen and teen years and there are no better exam relate to each other The Iliad a story about the. ples to use than these incredible stories bitter war between the Greeks and Trojans over the. The Iliad The Odyssey and The Aeneid which work capture of the Spartan queen Helen by Trojan. their way into so many aspects of our culture today prince Paris is a prequel to The Odyssey and The. Invite your class to discuss Aeneas s position as an Aeneid The Odyssey tells of the Greek warrior. immigrant displaced by war and see if students can Odysseus s adventurous journey home after the. make the connection to current events Let that Trojan War The Aeneid is the story of the refugee. student who can t sit still choose his favorite part to Trojan prince Aeneas and his long journey to find. read and watch him take on the role of a great a new homeland. hero or petulant Olympian Studying these classics together helps students. I have written these classics inspired plays and to better understand relationships among a family of. activities for my own middle school readers who characters and deities that were at the cultural heart. need highly motivating material to learn new of the ancient Greco Roman world Yet it s also. information and to build reading skills Each year important to recognize and point out to students. these plays captivate all types of learners from the that The Iliad and The Odyssey have a very different. most challenging to the most conscientious and historical and cultural context than The Aeneid. self motivated Students gain insights into the cul A blind Greek poet Homer is thought to have. ture of ancient Greeks and Romans and they committed to memory the first two epic poems in. become invested in the characters who drive the the mid 800s B C Recent linguistic research suggests. action in these famous stories At the same time the that the rhythm and rhyme of the poems and the. dialogue format helps them use expression and repetition of character epithets assisted Homer and. phrasing and repeated rehearsals build fluency and those who came afterward in recalling the story for. comprehension audiences A standard text of both The Iliad and. This resource provides you with everything you The Odyssey was written down by scholars at the. need to teach the classic stories in an exciting and Great Library at Alexandria in about 600 B C. fun filled way which means the tale having been retold many. short engaging plays that represent the times over likely changed quite a bit from Homer s. entire plot of each classic story original telling. Read Aloud Plays The Iliad The Odyssey and The Aeneid Gwen Bowers Published by Scholastic Teaching Resources. The Aeneid has a more certain stamp of Here are some ways to build background. authenticity It was conceived in the form of a writ before you begin teaching with these plays. ten document by Virgil a well educated writer in STOCK YOUR CLASS LIBRARY WITH ANY. first century B C Rome who counted among his RELATED RESOURCES ON THE ANCIENT WORLD. friends some of the most famous Roman citizens of Give students time in class to browse through the. his time including the Emperor Augustus Virgil books Make sure to have available a copy of each of. promised the emperor he would write an epic poem the classics translated in verse or prose form so that. that traced Augustus s Roman lineage back to the students can compare these texts to the plays they. ancient heroes and gods of the past an epic to are reading Take the opportunity to set the stage for. match The Iliad in stature and to establish Roman a scene by reading aloud a vibrant thrilling passage. roots in the classical tradition Though Virgil died from the unabridged text This connects students. before he had completed The Aeneid his work was more closely to the format and style of the original. quickly published and immortalized by the Romans epic and helps them fill in details and become more. invested in the story For recommended translations. How to Use This Book of the epics see Resources page 81. This book offers a creative way for teachers of litera READ ALOUD TO YOUR CLASS EXTRA TALES. ture history and drama to introduce students to the WORTH THEIR WEIGHT IN TROJAN GOLD short. best tales from the ancient world While a detailed takes on classic stories associated with the characters. treatment of classical literature lies outside the scope and events of a play You ll find these tales in the. of this book these plays and companion activities are introduction to each play The letter marked next to. designed to build essential background and improve the story in the introduction appears beside the. students comprehension and to motivate students related scene in the play You might read all the tales. to want to learn more about these ancient cultures prior to reading the play and revisit them during. In the first section of the book you ll find a set your read through or share each story when you. of activities to build students background knowledge and your students reach the part of the play that. and extend their learning about the classics Follow builds on the tale. ing these activities are three plays adaptations of the. EXPLAIN TO STUDENTS THAT THEY WILL,epics written for middle school readers with com. ALWAYS ENCOUNTER VARIATIONS IN EACH TELLING, panion activities Each play section includes a script. OF THE EPIC THEY READ To demonstrate how vari, stories from mythology related to the epic story a. ations occur in stories told in the oral tradition such. map activity fill in the blank summaries themes for. as The Iliad and The Odyssey whisper a sentence in a. writing or discussion and a test You may want to, student s ear and have him or her pass the message. work through the three plays and their activities in. along so that each student whispers the message in. order since the stories build upon one another or,another student s ear When the message has been.
you may want to pick and choose materials to fit,passed around the classroom ask the last student. your schedule and curricular needs At the end of,who heard the message to write it on the board. the book you ll find additional resources for teaching. Write the first message on the board and marvel at. the classics and answers to the activity pages,the difference between the two versions Point out. Read Aloud Plays The Iliad The Odyssey and The Aeneid Gwen Bowers Published by Scholastic Teaching Resources. that the Greek world had an oral tradition and such thing they ask for If students are lucky enough to. a tradition by its very nature changes constantly have you for several years you can remind them. You might also want to point out that variations that there will be another chance next year. may occur due to translations and adaptations such. To announce the parts print out a class list and, as the plays in this book write their parts next to their names Tell stu. dents that the parts will be posted in the hallway. If You Choose to Produce the Plays at the end of the school day Watch as the sus. pense builds all day long By posting the list you, Some Don t Sweat It Basics avoid discussing your decisions and as a bonus.
have a ready reference when the kids want to, Rule 1 Don t Be Afraid write a program for the performance On the. Rule 2 Just Do It bottom of the class list write Highlight your. parts and start learning your lines,Rule 3 Enjoy,Plays are exciting and motivational for students. To involve all of your students in the play add as. many characters to the scene as possible even, and the repetition of lines and expression of the dia. ones who have no speaking parts Keep in mind, logue reinforces students understanding of the classic. that the student who doesn t want a speaking part, stories in this collection If you want to produce a.
may still want to participate Group scenes,play let students do most of the production work. encourage full participation plan to have all stu,while you offer some basic guidance Here are some. dents onstage for weddings battle scenes and, tips for engaging students in a successful production. celebrations You may also want to establish,After several read throughs provide time for stu. anchor characters who stay onstage for the dura,dents to generate ideas for backdrops and props.
tion of the play as well For example Penelope,They ll come up with inventive solutions we. may be onstage at her loom weaving and waiting,grown ups would never dream of. throughout the performance of The Odyssey, To make the most of class time avoid lengthy and Similarly archrivals Hera and Venus may be seat. nerve wracking auditions assign parts for the ed on embellished thrones on opposite sides of. plays Have students choose their five favorite the stage throughout a production of The Aeneid. parts and list them in order of preference on a,Do a class read through a. scrap of paper Collect the choices and write stu,dents names in a grid under their choice number.
couple of times before A pronunciation,for the part see example page 7 Circle the name. allowing students to get on activity and key,their feet to work out the is provided. of the student you choose and then cross out all,scenes Remind students to on pages 8 9. the rest of the names in that row To avoid assign,speak slowly loudly and. ing two parts to one student when you choose,clearly After students are comfortable speaking.
your student cross out that student s name under,their lines have them concentrate on adding. his or her four other choices Statistically this,interesting movements and gestures. method assures that nearly everyone gets some, Read Aloud Plays The Iliad The Odyssey and The Aeneid Gwen Bowers Published by Scholastic Teaching Resources. ASSIGNING PARTS,When assigning parts always be mindful of. Choices the social and academic needs of your stu,dents For example take a look at my deci.
Characters 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th,sions for assigning roles to five students. Zeus Daniel Michael Daniel Jack Ryan and Bram I ve. Ryan Michael,Jack listed the top five choices of each student. Achilles Michael on a grid left Michael Bram and Ryan all. Ryan have their hearts set on playing the part of,Agamemnon David Michael br. introduction to each play The letter marked next to the story in the introduction appears beside the related scene in the play You might read all the tales prior to reading the play and revisit them during your read through or share each story when you and your students reach the part of the play that builds on the tale

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