THE FUTURE OF THE EUROPEAN AIR TRANSPORT COMMAND AN

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DISCLAIMER, The views expressed in this academic research paper are those of the author and do not. reflect the official policy or position of the US government the Department of Defense the Air. University or the Italian Air Force In accordance with Air Force Instruction 51 303 it is not. copyrighted but is the property of the United States government. Lieutenant Colonel Luca Mazzini is assigned to the Air War College Air University. Maxwell AFB AL He joined the Italian Air Force Academy in 1994 He earned his pilot wings. in 1999 at 61ft Wing in Lecce AFB flying the Aermacchi MB339 He is qualified combat ready. in tactical transport personnel airdrops material airdrops NVG operations assault landing and. takeoff procedures low level flight and search and rescue missions on the C130H C130J. C130J 30 and KC130J Colonel Mazzini was the Commander of the 50th Tactical Transport. Squadron from 2013 to 2015 He holds a bachelor s degree in Aeronautical Science and a. master s degree in Political Science He is a qualified tactics transport instructor safety officer. and CRM facilitator He has participated in numerous national and NATO real operations in the. Balkans Afghanistan Iraq Lebanon Libya Somalia and many other African Counties during. humanitarian missions He has more than 5000 flying hours. Colonel Mazzini was decorated in 2012 from the President of the Italian Republic. Giorgio Napolitano with the Onoreficenza Militare Italiana O M I This is the highest. Italian Military Decoration Lt Col Luca Mazzini received the award for the evacuation of more. than one hundred people before the outbreak of the 2011 Libyan War. This essay examines the operational construct of the European Air Transport Command. EATC and analyzes the United States Air Mobility Command and the Italian Air Force to. identify mission enhancing advancements that will expand EATC capacity and increase its. efficiency This research is a qualitative analysis and historical review of Air Mobility. Command the most comparable American unit and the European Air Transport Command It. addresses what lessons can be drawn from Air Mobility Command and applied to the European. Air Transportation Command and how the participation of Italy will be a great opportunity to. bring the experiences that the Italians gained during the last twenty years of operations with. NATO allies into the European common basket Qualitative data and historical information. were derived from military publications research essays books and technical agreements This. essay identifies Italy s decision to join the European Air Transport Command as a pivotal. opportunity The research argues that the European Air Transport Command can significantly. enhance its capabilities and capacity by standardizing missions procedures and equipment. across multi national participants Six recommendations emerge ranging from procedural. changes to force structure development The recommendations include standardized airdrop. procedures modified equipment acquisition cross nation recognition of airworthiness. certifications common air refueling training and operations standardized flight duty regulations. development of an infectious patient transportation strategy and the creation of mobile ground. support units to assist in deployment redeployment operations. Introduction, In the last two decades the rise of international terrorism and the profound instability of. many countries have influenced the way wars are waged all around the globe In fact the. ongoing operations in Afghanistan Middle East Libya and Somalia require continuous logistic. connections with America and Europe 1 At the same time the international economic crises. forced many nations to reduce military spending2 with the impelling necessity to identify new. strategies to accomplish the missions with less money. In 1992 the United States US re organized the entire structure of the air transport. system creating Air Mobility Command AMC as a part of a larger organization called US. Transportation Command USTRANSCOM which manages the global mobility of personnel. and materials via air sea and land 3, Some European countries wanted to create a similar structure to the US but the. existence of one Air Force Navy and Army for each nation makes this process more difficult. and complicated Nevertheless in 2009 four nations Germany France Belgium and the. Netherlands created the European Air Transport Command EATC located in Eindhoven. Netherlands to manage multinational air transport using common resources among the. participants 4 In the following years Luxembourg and Spain joined the EATC while Italy is part. of the group from January 2016 as the seventh member 5. This monograph is a qualitative analysis that begins with an historic review of Air. Mobility Command and an analysis of EATC capabilities and structures that identify the main. shortfalls of such a young unit This essay describes how some of the lessons learned from the. AMC experience and how the participation of Italy in EATC from January 2016 can provide. insights and recommendations to enhance the capabilities and efficiency of EATC. Multiple advancements to the capabilities and capacity of EATC can be realized by. implementing procedural and minor organizational changes derived from AMC and the Italian. Air Force AMC experience and Italy s participation in EATC will enhance standardization. training and operations across the following six distinct areas common procedures for airdrop. operations airworthiness certification standardization of the training programs fly duty. regulations highly infectious patient transportation capability and on site supervision in case of. deployment with the creation of mobile units,Air Mobility Command. In 1992 the structure of the United States Air Forces was radically reorganized with the. creation of the Air Combat Command ACC and Air Mobility Command AMC AMC was. designated as the lead for airlifts and tankers Initially the main airplanes assigned to this unit. were C5 C17 C141 KC10 and KC135 In 1997 the C130s were integrated 6. In the US Department of Defense DOD the unit in charge of worldwide transportation. via land sea and air is USTRANSCOM The USTRANSCOM Commander exercises. combatant command authority COCOM over all AMC forces Operational control OPCON. of these forces has been delegated to the commander of AMC USTRANSCOM s Air Force. component commander As the air component command to USTRANSCOM AMC is. designated Air Forces Transportation AFTRANS AMC CC delegates operational control. and appropriate authorities to 18th AF CC to execute the AFTRANS mission AFTRANS is. comprised of AMC 18th AF 618th AOC TACC SECDEF assigned forces and AMC gained. Air Reserve Component Forces 7 Today AMC receives tasking from USTRANSCOM in. support of global operations AMC passes the tasks to 18th AF that decides through the 618th. AOC TACC Air Operation Center Tanker Airlift Control Center which wing has to fly the. mission in the full range of air mobility operations 18th AF AFTRANS CC delegates tactical. control TACON to 618th AOC TACC CC of the AMC gained and assigned forces made. available for allocation and execution 8 The 618th AOC TACC is divided in eight directorates. from the tasking to the final execution of the mission In particular one of these units the 618th. TACC XOP projects mobility forces to achieve national goals and objectives in support of. wartime needs contingencies aeromedical evacuation exercises humanitarian efforts and it is. the AMC s source for theatre augmentation and contingency respond assets 9. AMC operates in response to immediate warfighting or human relief interventions in case. of tragic natural events When an onsite C2 structure is not available AMC expands the C2. structure by deploying its forces toward and within an area of responsibility The 618th AOC. TACC monitors ongoing air mobility operations to determine if and when. augmentation expansion is required Typical tasked forces include Contingency Response CR. forces e g Contingency Response Group CRG Contingency Response Elements CREs and. Contingency Response Teams CRTs and assets from fixed AMC Air Reserve Component. ARC wings 10, The redeployed units are self sufficient they provide Intel information flight scheduling.
maintenance weather updates and security to the crews However these cells are under OPCON. of the 618th and they work closely with the AMC Threat Working Group TWG and 618th. TACC XOP for additional guidance 11, AMC comprises four main components the Active Duty forces AD the Air Force. Reserve A F Res the Air National Guard ANG and the commercial air carriers 12 The. general principle underpinning this organization is that the day to day assignments are flown by. the active duty component When the airlift or tanker requirement overcomes the AD. availability AMC tasks the A F Res assets and the ANG Actually AMC counts on volunteers. from the Guard and the Reserve well before the need for a president activation of the reserve. forces Additionally the employment of commercial airliners is quite common in this case. DOD has to pay the carriers for the shipped cargo13. The number of aircraft assigned to AMC during the 1990s was designed to sustain two. major theatres The horrific terrorist attacks of 9 11 forced many countries to join their efforts. to fight against Islamic extremists in Afghanistan and then in Iraq AMC had to sustain a huge. effort for the still ongoing operations The requirements of airlifts and tankers exceeded the. normal AD capability and to accomplish the mission aircrews had to continuously operate with. ANG and AF Res assets To facilitate access to assets of all the components the concept of. Total Force was integrated with the implementation of Total Force Integration squadrons TFI. This idea allows each aviator to fly the airplanes of the other components A typical AMC TFI. squadron has aviators aircraft maintenance supply and medical personnel assigned to the unit. but dispersed throughout the host wing to work with their respective counterparts The. supporting personnel aircraft maintenance supply fuels specialist etc make up the majority. of a TFI squadron with the manning of each squadron based on the number of aircraft assigned. to the Guard or Reserve unit Airmen of each component are perfectly integrated in the TFI. squadron missions while each component is still responsible for its own funding to train and. equip its members 14, Today AMC is the pivotal US Force capability to deploy and redeploy the military. instruments of power overseas, Germany France the Netherlands and Belgium signed a letter of intent in 2007 to. develop a Multinational European Air Transport Command The objective of this agreement was. to integrate and gradually transfer the air transport capabilities in a single multinational. command to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of participant s military Air Transport. effort 15 The initial capability was implemented from 1 July 2009 moreover in the following. years Spain and Luxembourg joined the venture and from January 2016 also Italy is part of the. EATC The EATC s goal is to harmonize and optimize the preparation and the use including. planning of airlift capacities by achieving interoperability and standardization thus fully. supporting the coordinated use of military operations It responds to the Participant s willingness. to pool resources while recognizing national responsibilities with regard to prioritization and. caveats for national sensitive missions 16, The EATC has three divisions the first of which is the Operational Division that plans. and tasks the missions controls the daily flow of assets and reports the data to the national. commands The second is the Functional Division that takes over of developing policies. common standard procedures training facilities and future multinational units The third is the. Policy and Support Division it deals with the financial issues policy and legal affairs and. quality safety management 17, The nations that participate to the EATC program have different fleet composition and.
the first challenge was to integrate the new structure with the national chain of command and. control All the participants decided to delegate to EATC Operational Control OPCON while. they maintained the Operational Command OPCOM The EATC Commander has a staff group. support called EATC advisory group composed of national representatives while the highest. level decisions are taken at unanimous consent by the Multinational Air Transport Committee. The assets can be employed without restrictions in the territory of NATO members and. European Union beyond these borders it is required a clearance from the specific participant. EATC can be involved in operations when not all the nations participate the restriction is that. only the assets of the countries cleared from the national chain of command can be engaged in. some specific operation The War in Libya was a clear example of what happens when nations. disagree regarding some kind of military intervention France Belgium and the Netherlands. supported the war while Germany opposed as a consequence of these different positions the. EATC planned mission in support of the Libyan operations involving only French Belgian and. Dutch assets On the other hand German airlifters were engaged in mission inside the European. borders permitting the French Belgian and Dutch air force to dedicate 100 of their efforts for. Lieutenant Colonel Luca Mazzini is assigned to the Air War College Air University Maxwell AFB AL He joined the Italian Air Force Academy in 1994 He earned his pilot wings in 1999 at 61ft Wing in Lecce AFB flying the Aermacchi MB339 He is qualified combat ready in tactical transport personnel airdrops material airdrops NVG operations assault landing and takeoff procedures low level

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