The Education System in France

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Organization of the Education System,PRIMARY LEVEL OF EDUCATION. Primary level education is taught in nursery schools and primary schools. Nursery school, Pre primary education nursery school created in 1881 is for children aged 3 to 6. Although it is not compulsory virtually all 3 year old children attend nursery school. the majority in the public school system With a dual educational and pedagogical objective. children learn how to live among others shape their own personality and develop language. skills Nursery school is the strong point of the French education system and what sets. it apart from other systems It also makes primary education more effective Nursery. school teachers have the same training as primary school teachers and can teach in all. primary education grades, Ecole maternelle nursery school Report by the French Education Ministry in. http www education gouv fr pid35 ecole maternelle html. Qu apprend t on l cole maternelle les nouveaux programmes What children. are learning in nursery school the new curricula National Centre for Educational. Documentation CNDP in French,http www cndp fr ecole quapprend pdf 755A0211 pdf. Ecole maternelle de l enfant l l ve The French nursery school from child to. pupil E Th venon Label France no 54 April 2004 in French. http www diplomatie gouv fr label france 54 fr 03 html. Primary school, Primary school is compulsory for all students French and foreign alike starting at age.
six It is for children from aged six to 11 It aims to teach children some degree of. autonomy and the basics about citizenship, Ecole l mentaire primary school Report by the French Education Ministry in. http www education gouv fr cid166 l ecole maternelle html. SECONDARY LEVEL OF EDUCATION,Minist re des Affaires trang res 2007 2. Secondary level of education includes lower and higher secondary schools. Lower secondary education coll ge, Children aged 11 to 15 attend coll ge taking them from form 6 sixi me to form 3. troisi me Coll ges are considered comprehensive because theoretically children study the. same core curriculum A diploma awarded upon the successful completion of an exam at the. end of form 3 marks the conclusion of coll ge, Coll ge Report by the French Education Ministry in French. http www education gouv fr pid38 college html,Higher secondary education lyc e.
Adolescents aged 15 to 18 attend the lyc e taking them from form 2 seconde to. their final year terminale Lyc es offer a large range of education and training possibilities. There are two types of lyc es General and technical education lyc es culminate in a. general series bacccalar at Vocational lyc es culminate in a certificat d aptitude. professionnelle CAP which sanctions training in a specific vocational skill a brevet d tudes. professionnelles BEP which sanctions the completion of adequate training within a range of. technical skills in a particular trade industrial commercial or social field or a vocational. baccalaur at For more information see the vocational education section below. Lyc e Report by the French Education Ministry in French. http www education gouv fr pid39 lycee html,The baccalaur at. Created in 1808 the baccalaur at is a diploma in the French education system that. has two special features It marks the successful conclusion of secondary studies and. opens access to higher education, Le Baccalaur at website of the French Ministry of National Education in French. http www education gouv fr cid143 le baccalaureat html. HIGHER EDUCATION, Higher education entails all studies after the baccalaur at. Two systems exist side by side,Minist re des Affaires trang res 2007 3. An open system in the universities Most students study under this system All. baccalaur at holders have the right to enter this system without any prior selection. procedure Universities offer an extremely wide range of studies. A selective system with a limited number of places Admission is by competitive. examination entrance examination or applications sometimes accompanied by an. interview This is the system in use in post secondary establishments such as the. instituts d tudes politiques political science institutes engineering and business. schools instituts universitaires de technologie IUTs university institutes of. technology and the instituts universitaires professionnalis es IUPs university. institutes of vocational education and top tier establishments such as the grandes. coles prestigious higher education institutions with competitive entrance exams. such as the Ecole Nationale d Administration ENA which trains top civil servants the. coles normales sup rieures ENS which prepare students specializing in. fundamental or applied scientific research to teach at university level and preparatory. programs for entrance examinations to the grandes coles and Polytechnique These. institutions mainly train public sector and private sector senior and middle leaders and. Enseignement sup rieur et Recherche formations et dipl mes Higher. education and research courses and degrees Report by the French Education. Ministry in French, http www education gouv fr pid10 enseignement superieur et.
recherche html, Higher education also provides general and vocational possibilities. Students enrolled in general tracks pursue bachelor s degrees research master s. degrees and doctorate degrees, Students enrolled in vocational tracks pursue university technology degrees vocational. bachelor s degrees and vocational master s degrees. Enseignement sup rieur et Recherche formations et dipl mes Higher. education and research training and degrees Report by the French Education. Ministry in French, http www education gouv fr pid86 formations professionnelles html. INITIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING, Initial vocational training or the vocational track offers concrete studies in relation with. enterprises and their trades so that students can gain knowledge and expertise in an. occupational field After completing form 3 students can study in a vocational lyc e to obtain. a CAP or a BEP in two years Students enrolled in initial vocational training courses can obtain. Minist re des Affaires trang res 2007 4, a degree quickly to help them integrate into working life.
Lyc e professionnel Vocational lyc es Report by the French Education Ministry in. http www education gouv fr cid2573 la voie professionnelle html. L apprentissage Apprenticeships Report by the French Education Ministry in. http www education gouv fr pid37 apprentissage html. EDUCATION FOR SPECIAL NEEDS STUDENTS, Some students have special educational needs because of their physical disabilities. language and health problems but also if they have severe learning difficulties There are. structures that respond to these students needs which work to integrate them into. mainstream schools, La scolarisation des l ves handicaps Education for disabled students Report by. the French Education Ministry in French, http www education gouv fr thema special default htm. Decentralized management, Since the 19th century communes have been responsible for running primary schools. Major measures to decentralize powers in the early 1980s marked an important stage. in the evolution of the French education system giving a greater role to departments and. regions The Act of 13 August 2004 on local authorities and freedoms increased the powers of. local elected authorities when it comes to education. While the initiatives of local and regional authorities are growing in number it is still. the central government s responsibility to decide on curricula educational guidelines. recruitment and teachers salaries, To find out more about the responsibilities of the central government regions.
and municipalities in education matters visit in French. http www education gouv fr cid219 les domaines de competences html. Minist re des Affaires trang res 2007 5,Private education. In France private education was recognized in several stages starting in the mid 19th. century Private education for primary school was organized by the Act of 30 October 1986. secondary education by the Act of 15 March 1850 Falloux Act higher education by the Act. of 12 July 1875 and technical education by the Act of 25 July 1919 It s the Debr law of. 1959 added to the Education Code in 2000 that governs private education today The. government announces and respects the freedom of education and ensures its exercise in. legitimate private institutions Article 1, Private education covers different realities religious schools offer courses based on. specific educational principles, One primary student out of 7 and 1 lower and higher secondary student out of. 5 attend private schools,PRIVATE EDUCATION UNDER CONTRACT. In return for public funding private schools must adhere to requirements and. public service obligations that limit the freedom they have. Private schools are connected to the State through various types of contracts Two. thirds operate under partnership contracts and the remaining third operates under a simple. contract that is less binding but provides for fewer subsidies as well In order for the more. popular partnership contract to be granted private schools must meet the following. requirements,It must meet a recognized educational need.
Its facilities must be adequate, It must have a faculty student ratio that corresponds to the public. It must hire teachers with the same qualifications and degrees required of. public school teachers, In a school under partnership contracts the central government pays the. salaries of teacher and other staff The local government pays for the running of the. school equivalent to the aid it grants public schools However families bear the cost of. facilities and religious activities, Les tablissements priv s private schools References and statistics for 2003 on. education training and research in French, ftp trf education gouv fr pub edutel dpd rers03 chap2 8 pdf. ftp trf education gouv fr pub edutel dpd rers03 chap2 8 pdf. Minist re des Affaires trang res 2007 6,To find out more.
OFFICIAL TEXTS, Code of Education all legislation on the French education system regarding its general. principles and administration primary secondary and higher curricula and staff in French. http www legifrance gouv fr WAspad ListeCodes, Loi sur les rapports entre l Etat et les tablissements d enseignement priv s dite. loi Debr The so called D br Act on the relations between the central government and. private schools no 59 382 of 31 December 1959,http www assemblee. nationale fr histoire loidebre sommaire asp Loi 20n B0 2059 1557. Loi d orientation et de programme pour l avenir de l cole Outline Act for the future. of French schools no 2005 380 of 23 April 2005, http www legifrance gouv fr WAspad UnTexteDeJorf numjo MENX04002. STUDIES KEY FIGURES AND COMPARISONS WITH OTHER COUNTRIES. Les chiffres cl s du syst me ducatif Key data on the educational system French. Ministry of National Education November 2006, http www education gouv fr cid195 les chiffres cles html.
L Etat de l cole de la maternelle l enseignement sup rieur French Ministry of. National Education Higher Education and Research 2006. http media education gouv fr file 07 9 3079 pdf, In English The state of education from nursery school to higher education October. http media education gouv fr file 68 0 3680 pdf, In Spanish El estado de la Escuela desde el parvulario hasta la ense anza superior. octubre 2006,http media education gouv fr file 68 1 3681 pdf. Rep res et r f rences statistiques sur les enseignements la formation et la. recherche References and statistics on education training and research French Ministry of. National Education Higher Education and Research 2005 in French. http www education gouv fr stateval rers rers2005 htm. Regards sur le syst me ducatif fran ais donn es g n rales le syst me. ducatif les grandes volutions comparaisons internationales The French education. system at a glance general data the education system major developments international. comparisons in French, http www education gouv fr stateval regards index htm. Minist re des Affaires trang res 2007 7, L enseignement du premier degr 1989 2005 de la loi d orientation de 1989.
la loi Fillon Primary level of education 1989 2005 from the Outline Act of 1989 to the. Fillon Act Report by the Documentation fran aise Vie Publique website July 2005 in. http www vie publique fr politiques publiques enseignement. primaire index, Indicateurs de l OCDE sur les syst mes ducatifs europ ens 2005 R sum s. In French Executive summary, http www oecd org document 34 0 2340 fr 2649 34515 35289762 1. 1 1 1 00 html Chapitres, In English Education at a glance OECD indicators 2005 executive summary. http www oecd org dataoecd 20 25 35345692 pdf, In German Bildung auf einen Blick OECD Indikatoren Ausgabe 2005. http www oecd org dataoecd 49 19 35311921 pdf, In Spanish Repaso a la ense anza indicadores de la OCDE Edici n 2005.
http www oecd org dataoecd 58 1 35317197 pdf, Regards sur l ducation en France notes de pr sentation les d penses d ducation la. scolarisation l enseignement les tudes secondaires les tudes sup rieures OCDE OECD. Education in France at a glance presentation summaries education expenditure enrolment. teaching secondary studies higher education studies. Regards sur l ducation au Royaume Uni OECD Briefing Note for the United. The Education System in France The Preamble of the French Constitution of 1946 sets out that the Nation guarantees equal access for children and adults to education vocational training and culture The French education system provides compulsory schooling free of charge for children aged 6 to 16 and a right to education starting at age 3 With its aim to serve the public the system

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