TEACHING AND IMPROVING SPEAKING SKILL

Teaching And Improving Speaking Skill-PDF Download

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WHAT IS SPEAKING, Speaking is the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of. verbal and non verbal symbols in a variety of contexts Chaney 1998 p 13. Speaking is an interactive process of constructing meaning that. involves producing and receiving and processing information Brown. 1994 Burns Joyce 1997 Speaking is a crucial part of second language. learning and teaching Despite its importance for many years teaching. speaking has been undervalued and English language teachers have. continued to teach speaking just as a repetition of drills or memorization of. dialogues However today s world requires that the goal of teaching speaking. should improve students communicative skills because only in that way. students can express themselves and learn how to follow the social and. cultural rules appropriate in each communicative circumstance therfor recent. pedagogical research on teaching students conversation has provided some. parameters for developing objectives and techniques. Teaching Speaking, Speaking English is the main goal of many adult learners Their. personalities play a large role in determining how quickly and how. correctly they will accomplish this goal Those who are risk takers. unafraid of making mistakes will generally be more talkative but with. many errors that could become hard to break habits Conservative shy. students may take a long time to speak confidently but when they do their. English often contains fewer errors and they will be proud of their English. ability It s a matter of quantity vs quality and neither approach is wrong. so how shall we prioritize the two clearly important speaker goals of. accurate clear articulate grammatically and phonologically. correct language and fluent flowing natural language However if the. aim of speaking is communication and that does not require perfect. English then it makes sense to encourage quantity in your classroom. Break the silence and get students communicating with whatever English. they can use correct or not and selectively address errors. Speaking lessons often tie in pronunciation and,grammar which are necessary for effective oral. communication Or a grammar or reading lesson,may incorporate a speaking activity Either way. your students will need some preparation before the. speaking task This includes introducing the topic,and providing a model of the speech they are to.
produce A model may not apply to discussion type, activities in which case students will need clear and. specific instructions about the task to be,accomplished Then the students will practice with. the actual speaking activity,These activities may include imitating repeating. answering verbal cues interactive conversation or an. oral presentation,Here are some ideas to keep in mind as you plan. your speaking activities, As much as possible the content should be practical.
and usable in real life situations Avoid too much new. vocabulary or grammar and focus on speaking with,the language the students have. Correcting Errors,You need to provide appropriate feedback and. correction but don t interrupt the flow of, communication Take notes while pairs or groups are. talking and address problems to the class after the. activity without embarrassing the student who made. the error You can write the error on the board and. ask who can correct it,Quantity vs Quality,Address both interactive fluency and accuracy. striving foremost for communication Get to know, each learner s personality and encourage the quieter.
ones to take more risks,Conversation Strategies, Encourage strategies like asking for clarification. paraphrasing gestures and initiating hey so by,Teacher Intervention. If a speaking activity loses steam you may need to. jump into a role play ask more discussion questions. clarify your instructions or stop an activity that is. too difficult or boring,How To Teach Speaking, Now many linguistics and ESL teachers agree on that. students learn to speak in the second language by,interacting Communicative language teaching and. collaborative learning serve best for this aim, Communicative language teaching is based on real life.
situations that require communication By using this. method in ESL classes students will have the, opportunity of communicating with each other in the. target language In brief ESL teachers should create a. classroom environment where students have real life. communication authentic activities and meaningful, tasks that promote oral language This can occur when. students collaborate in groups to achieve a goal or to. complete a task,Activities To Promote Speaking,Discussion. Simulation,Information Gap,Brainstorming,Storytelling. Interviews,Story Completion,Picture Narrating,Picture Describing.
Find the Difference,Discussions, After a content based lesson a discussion can be held for various reasons. The students may aim to arrive at a conclusion share ideas about an. event or find solutions in their discussion groups Before the discussion. it is essential that the purpose of the discussion activity is set by the. teacher In this way the discussion points are relevant to this purpose so. that students do not spend their time chatting with each other about. irrelevant things For example students can become involved in. agree disagree discussions In this type of discussions the teacher can. form groups of students preferably 4 or 5 in each group and provide. controversial sentences like people learn best when they read vs people. learn best when they travel Then each group works on their topic for a. given time period and presents their opinions to the class It is essential. that the speaking should be equally divided among group members At. the end the class decides on the winning group who defended the idea in. the best way This activity fosters critical thinking and quick decision. making and students learn how to express and justify themselves in. polite ways while disagreeing with the others For efficient group. discussions it is always better not to form large groups because quiet. students may avoid contributing in large groups The group members can. be either assigned by the teacher or the students may determine it by. themselves but groups should be rearranged in every discussion activity. so that students can work with various people and learn to be open to. different ideas,Teachers can come out with interesting. authentic and essential topics that students can,discuss or talk about especially in the target. language The related topics should be easy and,understandable As a start ESL teachers can. relate the topics with students interests before,moving to serious topics like national issues or.
the world politics Lastly in class or group,discussions whatever the aim is the students. should always be encouraged to ask questions,paraphrase ideas express support check for. clarification and so on, One other way of getting students to speak is role. playing Students pretend they are in various social. contexts and have a variety of social roles In role. play activities the teacher gives information to the. learners such as who they are and what they think or. feel Thus the teacher can tell the student that You. are Ali you go to the doctor and tell him what,happened last night and what they think or feel. How To Teach Speaking Now many linguistics and ESL teachers agree on that students learn to speak in the second language by interacting Communicative language

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