Swahili University of Kansas

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B Who speaks Swahili,People and History, Over 50 million people in eastern and central African speak Swahili It is widely. used in Kenya Tanzania and Uganda A little over one million people speak it as their. first language Most others speak Swahili fluently as a second third or fourth language. Those who speak it as a first language are found along the coast of east Africa. stretching from southern Somalia to the border between Tanzania and Mozambique. There are also many native Swahili speakers on the Indian Ocean islands of Unguja. and Pemba which together make up Zanzibar Lamu the Comoro Islands and the. northwestern part of Madagascar Many Swahili speakers like to refer to themselves in. terms of where they come from So Swahili speakers from Unguja for example will. refer to themselves as Waunguja or Wazanzibari those from Kenya as Wakenya and. those from Tanzania as Watanzania, The East African coast was visited by Arabs and Persians as early as the second. century A D These visitors settled in Africa and married local people Many local. people modified and adopted the visitors traditions On the island of Unguja for. example the traditional New Year Mwaka Kogwa is celebrated during the month of. June This celebration is similar to the Persian New Year of Neiruz Later visits by. Arabs to the area also introduced the Islamic religion and today many Swahili. speakers throughout East Africa are Muslim Travelers from Portugal Germany. England and various Asian countries also went to East Africa Each group left its mark. on both the culture and the language Lame as a center of Swahili Language and. Cultures would be a place of interest to students,C Language and Culture. Swahili is a Bantu language of the Niger Congo family and has a typical complicated. Bantu structure For example Swahili utilizes over 13 noun classes the equivalence of. a romance language having 13 genders Three full noun classes are devoted to different. aspects of space and time Swahili represents an African World view quite different. from that of a European language, Nouns are grouped into different classes according to their meaning Human beings. for example belong to one class mtu person watu people Trees on the other hand. belong to another class mti tree miti trees Diminutive and augmentative meanings. are also expressed using the noun class system The following forms of the word ndege. bird indicate different sizes ndege regular size bird kidege small bird dege big. The word Kiswahili is a general term for many varieties of the language spoken. along the East African coast It comes from the Arabic word sahel meaning coast Ki. is a prefix referring to language In some varieties of Swahili the language prefix. appears as chi as in Chimiini which is spoken in Somalia or shi as in Shingazija a. variant spoken on the Ngazija island of Comoro, Swahili language has been influences by a variety of other language including.
Arabic Portuguese and German There are many Swahili words with foreign origins. including the following sita six Arabic saba seven Arabic shule school. German bendera flag Portuguese kitabu book Arabic and pesa money Hindi. All Swahili speakers share a unique way of expressing time day or night Sunrise or. sunset are the two focal points used to tell time The first hour of the day therefore. comes after sunrise not after midnight and the first hour of the night comes after. sunset Also unique to Swahili speakers is the way they communicate with each other. indirectly by use of the popular language also known as leso This multi purpose cloth. usually has a caption that conveys a proverbial message to its target audience. Lamu is an ancient Swahili city state in the Indian Ocean off the north coast of. Kenya It is the main town to the traditional swahilini the original crucible of Swahili. culture In December 2001 UNESCO granted World heritage status to Lamu s Old. town citing the fact that the old town had retained its traditional functions for over. 1000 years,About NALRC,4231 Humanities Building,455 N Park Street. University of Wisconsin Madison,Madison WI,Phone 608 265 7905 Fax 608 265 7904. Email nalrc mhub facstaff wisc edu,Lesson 1 Classroom Instructions. Classroom Instructions maagizo ya darasani,rudia repeat. mwalimu teacher,profesa professor,mwanafunzi student.
jibu answer respond,unaelewa do you understand,mnaelewa do you all understand. la hapana no,swali question,mna swali does anyone have a question. mwalimu nina swali teacher I have a question,sielewi I do not understand. sikiliza listen s command,sikilizeni listen pl command. simama stand,tafadhali simama please stand,keti kaa sit.
tafadhali keti kaa please sit down,kusanya collect. karatasi paper, tafadhali kusanya karatasi please collect the papers. leta bring,tafadhali leta karatasi please bring the papers. tafadhali enda please go,tazama look,funga kitabu close the book. fungua kitabu open the book,tafadhali please,tafadhali rudia please repeat.
tafadhali fungua kitabu please open the book,tafadhali nyamaza please be quiet sing. tafadhali nyamazeni please be quiet pl, tafadhali ongea zungumza sema katika Kiingereza please speak in English. tafadhali jibu katika kwa Kiswahili please respond in Kiwahili. tafadhali ongea zungumza sema katika Kiswahili please speak in Kiwahili. polepole slowly, tafadhali ongea zungumza sema polepole please speak slowly. taja mention,tamka pronounce,soma read study,andika write. Lesson 1 Classroom Instructions,andika kwa Kiswahili write in Kiwahili.
tafadhali soma please read,kumbuka remember sing,mnakumbuka remember pl. jaribu try,tena again,jaribu tena try again,tafadhali jaribu please try. karibu welcome,tafadhali fungua mlango please open the door. tafadhali funga mlango please close the door,tafadhali kaa keti please sit sing. Crying ni nini kwa Kiswahili What is crying in Kiwahili. tafsiri translate,chemsha bongo brain teaser,sijui I do not know.
kwaheri bye, kwaheri tutaonana kesho goodbye hope to see you tomorrow. kwaheri tutaonana baadaye goodbye hope to see you later. asante thank you,asante sana thank you very much,tafadhali njoo please come. samahani pardon excuse me, samahani mwalimu nina swali excuse me teacher I have a question. haraka fast, tafadhali ongea zumgumza sema haraka haraka please speak quicker. vizuri good,vizuri sana very good,Wewe ni mzuri You are good.
Wewe ni mbaya You are bad,kazi nzuri good work,kazi ya nyumbani homework. Leo tutasoma Today we will learn, Jana tulisoma nini What did we learn study yesterday. Leo tumesoma nini What have we learned studied today. Greetings maamkio salamu, There are at least five ways of greeting in Kiswahili. A Habari gani,C U hali gani,D Shikamoo,E Mambo Vipi. A Habari gani,Example 1 Two people greeting each other.
Person A Habari gani,Person B Nzuri,a Nzuri njema salama safi sawa poa. Good nice peaceful clean fine cool,b Nzuri njema salama safi sawa poa sana. Very good nice peaceful clean fine cool,c Nzuri njema salama safi sawa poa tu. Just good nice peaceful clean fine just cool,Example 2 Teacher greeting students. Example 1 Two people greeting each other,Person A Hujambo Teacher Hamjambo.
Person B Sijambo Students Hatujambo,Hujambo Any issue s How are you doing. Sijambo No issue s I am okay fine,Hamjambo Any issue s How are you doing. Hatujambo No issue s We are okay fine,C U hali gani. Example 1 Two people greeting each other Example 2 One person greeting many people. Person A U hali gani Person A M hali gani,Person B Njema Persons B C D Salama. 1 U hali gani M hali gani What s your condition How are you. a Nzuri njema salama safi sawa poa,Good nice peaceful clean fine cool.
b Nzuri njema salama safi sawa poa sana,Very good nice peaceful clean fine cool. c Nzuri njema salama safi sawa poa tu,Just good nice peaceful clean fine just cool. D Shikamoo,Example 1 A youth greeting an elder person. Youth Shikamoo,Elder Person Marahaba,Shikamoo I touch your feet. Marahaba I am delighted,E Vipi Mambo,Example 2 A youth greeting another.
Example 1 A youth greeting another youth youth,Youth A Vipi Youth A Mambo. Youth B Poa Youth B Safi,Vipi Mambo What s up,Poa Safi Sawa Cool Clean Fine. Additional Vocabulary,Requests permission to enter a. 1 Hodi house,2 Karibu Welcome,3 Karibu ndani Welcome inside. 4 Asante Thank you,5 Asante sana Thank you very much.
6 Kwaheri Be blessed Goodbye,7 Tutaonana baadaye We will see each other later. 8 Habari za asubuhi How is the news of the, mchana jioni usiku morning afternoon evening night. 9 Habari za How is the news of,mama baba kaka dada mother father brother sister. ndugu mjomba comrade uncle,10 Habari za How is the news at. nyumbani shuleni chuoni home at school at college,masomo Amerika studies America.
Other Forms of Greetings, Waambaje How are you doing Sina la kuamba I have nothing to say. Salaamaleikum Peace be upon you Aleikumsalaam And also with you. Upo Are you there Nipo I am here, Lala salama Sleep peacefully Nawe pia And you also. Tuonane kesho See you tomorrow Inshallah God willing. Ndoto njema Dream well Za mafanikio Of success, Lala unono Sleep comfortably Nawe pia And you also. Usiku mwema Good night Wa buraha With tranquility, Usingizi mwema Sleep well Wa buraha With tranquility. Habari za kutwa How was your day Njema Nzuri Good,Jioni njema Good Evening Salama Peaceful.
Uende salama Go with peace Tuonane inshallah We will see each. other God willing,Respectful Terms That,Accompany Greetings. Respectful Terms Salamu Adabu Heshima Tafsida,Peace Politeness Honorable Civil. Samahani Excuse me,Niwie radhi My apologies Pardon me. Tafadhali Please,Pole Sorry,Makiwa Term used to express condolences. Asante Thank you,Heko Hongera Congratulations,Shukrani Thanks.
Inshallah God willing,Binti Daughter of,Bin Son of. Bi Biti Miss Ms,Bwana Mr Sir,Marehemu The late,Bimdogo Little miss young lady. Bwanamdogo Little sir young man,Bimkubwa Middle aged elderly woman. Bwanamkubwa Middle aged elderly man,Hayati Distinguished deceased person. Ustadh Distinguished scholar,Guru Spiritual leader expert innovative person.
Classroom Vocabulary,Classroom Vocabulary msamiati wa darasani. A Vocabulary,mlango milango door doors,dirisha madirisha window windows. taa taa light lights,ubao mbao board boards,kompyuta kompyuta computer computers. kiti viti chair chairs,meza meza table tables,kalamu kalamu pen pens. penseli penseli pencil pencils,mkoba mikoba bag for books bags for books.
mfuko mifuko bag of books bags of books,kitabu vitabu book books. daftari madaftari notebook notebooks,kabati makabati cupboard cupboards. rula rula ruler rulers,ufutio futio eraser erasers. wino wino ink inks,ukuta kuta wall walls,sakafu sakafu floor floors. dari dari ceiling ceilings,paa paa roof roofs,simu simu telephone telephones.
karatasi karatasi paper papers,jaa jaa litter bin litter bins. chaki chaki chalk chalks,zulia mazulia carpet carpets. swichi switch,swichi ya feni fan switch,swichi ya taa light switch. mwanafunzi wanafunzi student students,mwalimu walimu teacher teachers. kalenda kalenda calendar calendars,saa saa clock clocks.
saa ya ukuta wall clock,ramani ramani map maps, kiyoyozi viyoyozi air conditioner air conditioners. picha picha picture pictures,mchoro michoro drawing drawings. pazia mapazia curtain curtains,runinga televisheni television televisions. video video video videos,kengele kengele bell bells. chati jedwali chart charts,rejesta rejesta register registers.
bendera bendera flag flags,bendera ya taifa national flag. kengele kengele bell bells,mlinzi bawabu walinzi security security. saa saa clock clocks,saa ya ukuta wall clock,chati jedwali chart charts. ramani ramani map maps,kalenda kalenda calendar,rejista rejista register roll call. majilisi masjala ofisi office staff room,picha picha picture pictures.
deski dawati desk,gazeti magazeti newspaper newspapers. jarida majarida journal periodical,habari habari news. barua barua letter letters,makala makala article articles. insha insha essay essays,kumbukumbu kumbukumbu record records. kabrasha ripoti maalum pamphlet meeting documents,Question Formation.
1 Darasa hili lina vitu gani,What things does this classroom have. Darasa hili lina meza mkoba chaki ubao,This classroom has a table backpack chalk board. 2 Hii ni nini,What is this,Hii ni meza This is a table. 3 Huu ni nini,What is this referring to wall,Huu ni ukuta This is a wall. 4 Wewe Hupendi mapambo gani,Which decorations don t you like.
Mimi Sipendi I don t like,Personal Pronouns,Personal Pronouns viwakilishi nafsi. There are three personal pronouns in Swahili,A First person pronoun. B Second person pronoun,C Third person pronoun, Each personal pronoun has a singular and a plural form. A First Person Pronoun,Umoja singular Wingi plural. Mimi I Me Sisi We Us,Represented by NI Represented by TU.
first language Most others speak Swahili fluently as a second third or fourth language Those who speak it as a first language are found along the coast of east Africa stretching from southern Somalia to the border between Tanzania and Mozambique There are also many native Swahili speakers on the Indian Ocean islands of Unguja

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