Subject Absolute and Others in Classical German

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Published by,State University of New York Press Albany. 1997 State University of New York,All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America,No part of this book may be used or reproduced. in any manner whatsoever without written permission. No part of this book may he stored in aa retrieval system. or transmitted in any form or by any means including. electronic electrostatic magnetic tape mechanical Introduction vii. photocopying recording or otherwise without the David E Klenmi and Ganter Zbller. prior permission in writing of the publisher, For information address State University of New York. Self and Subject,Press State University Plaza Albany NY 12246.
1 Subjectivity and Individuality Survey of a Problem 3. Production by E Moore,Manfred Frank,Marketing by Fran Keneston. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data 2 Self as Matter and Form Some Reflections on Kant s View. of the Soul 31, Figuring the self subject absolute and others in classical German Richard E Aquila. philosophy David E Klemm and Ganter Zoller editors. p cm SUNY series in philosophy 3 Kant and the Self A Retrospective 55. Chiefly proceedings of a conference held Apr 9 11 1992 at the Karl Ameriks. University of Iowa, Includes index 4 An Eye for an I Fichte s Transcendental Experiment 73. ISBN 0 7914 3199 1 he alk paper ISBN 0 7914 3200 9 pbk Glitter Wler. 1 Self Philosophy 2 Absolute The 3 Philosophy, German 18th century 4 Philosophy German 19th century. 1 Klemm David E 1947 II Zoller Ganter 1954 Self and the Absolute. III Series,5 Self Consciousness and Speculative Thinking.
B2748 S44F54 1996 99,193 dc2O 96 12018 Dieter Henrich. 6 Romantic Conceptions of the Self in Holderlin and Novalis 134. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Jane E Kneller, 7 Realizing Nature in the Self Schelling on Art and. Intellectual Intuition in the System of Transcendental Idealism 149. Richard L Velkley, 8 Schleiermacher on the Self Immediate Self Consciousness. as Feeling and as Thinking 169,David E Klemm Introduction. Self and Others,David E Klemm and Giinter Zoller, 9 Absolute Subject and Absolute Subjectivity in Hegel 193.
Walter Jaeschke, 10 Appropriating Selfhood Schleiermacher and Hegel on. Subjectivity as Mediated Activity 206, The self is notoriously elusive It is not something to be encountered. Jeffrey L Hoover like other things in the world Rather it provides the very perspective or stand. point from which any such encounter with other things can take place Accord. 11 The Root of Humanity Hegel on Communication and Language 227. ingly our ordinary ways of thinking about the world and its objects are ill. John Durham Peters suited to articulating the peculiar status and function of the self Not. surprisingly then philosophical elucidations of the self have been the point of. 12 Heidegger and Wittgenstein on the Subject of Kantian Philosophy 245. origin for new ways of thinking not only about the self but also about all the. David G Stem other things from which the self is to be differentiated and to which it is yet inti. mately related This holds equally for past attempts such as Descartes intro. Contributors 261, duction of the cogito as the ultimate foundation of certainty in knowledge and. contemporary efforts in philosophy of mind such as the semantics of indexical. Subject Index 263,self reference, A particularly intriguing way of thinking about the self can be found in. Author Index 267, the work of Immanuel Kant and his successors the German idealists In the.
decades around 1800 these philosophers developed detailed and varied theories. that place the self at the very center of philosophical reflection The classical. German way of thinking about the self is characterized by a decidedly idealist. bent The self is understood not only as the ground of all knowledge concerning. the world but also as the ground of the very reality of the world The idealist. extension of the self s original epistemological function to a larger meta. physical role made it imperative to develop a specific terminology that. addressed the radical world constituting function of the self The absolute. ness of the self as the universal condition of reality was expressed by such. constructs as subject subject object and spirit, Two hundred years after its inception the German idealist thinking about. the self is both a source of embarrassment and a challenge The unabashed. It Introduction Introduction, idealist stance of the German idealists has found virtually no followers in con Kant s theory of mind Ameriks s critical assessment focuses on readings of. temporary philosophy and even leads to revisionist nonmetaphysical read Kant that draw on the work of Fichte Gunter Zoller presents Fichte s tran. ings of the classical German authors themselves And yet the sustained reflec scendental theory of consciousness and self consciousness Zollei s emphasis. tion on the structure of the self that is to he found in Kant and his successors is on the methodological requirements for an adequate account of the subjec. remains an important point of orientation and inspiration for historically tivity of the I. informed attempts at a theory of human selfhood Part Two examines the dependence of the self on some ultimate absolute. Much of the recent attempts to retrieve classical German thinking about ground Dieter Henrich argues for the role of metaphysical thinking in our. the self for contemporary philosophy of mind have originated in the work of the understanding of the self and its place in the world He focuses on the close. German philosopher Dieter Henrich and a number of his associates most connection between the self relation expressed in the first person singular pro. prominently among them Manfred Frank In works like theirs historical noun I and the pure self relation of the absolute developed by Hegel Jane. research into the exceedingly difficult central arguments of Kant and his idealist Kneller examines the accounts of selfhood that can be found in the novels of. successors is carried out in a spirit at once critical and appreciative Moreover Hblderlin and Novalis In these literary conceptions of selfhood Kneller detects. the reconstruction and assessment of classical German theories about the self a critique of Fichte s theory of self consciousness and a return to Kant s agnos. has been increasingly informed by related discussions in analytic philosophy of ticism about the ultimate nature and origin of the self Richard Velkley dis. mind thus contributing to an emerging dialogue between different historical cusses the relation between self and nature in Schelling s theory of art His. periods and philosophical traditions focus is on the philosophical potential of art and on the role of the self as artis. The essays in the present volume partake in this ongoing project of rein tic genius David Klemm presents Schleiermacher s theory of mind according. troducing classical German thinking about the self into contemporary philo to which the unity of the thinking self and the willing self lies in immediate self. sophical discussion They provide the English speaking reader with a survey of consciousness or feeling Klemm concentrates on Schleiermacher s theological. the main issues and positions to be found in German thinking about the self interpretation of immediate self consciousness as both an empirical feeling. around 1800 while also introducing a contemporary perspective on the histor and a transcendental cognition of the utter dependence of the self positing I. ical material The essays present discuss and assess accounts of the self in the on an absolute ground he calls God. main philosophical authors of the period In addition to the primary figures Part Three is concerned with the mutual dependence of self and others. Kant Schelling and Hegel some of the lesser known participants in the Walter Jaeschke clarifies Hegel s complex position on the nature and value. debate on the self receive critical attention among them the philosophical the of subjectivity He argues that Hegel s critique of the principle of subjec. ologian Schleiermacher and the poets Holderlin and Novalis In disciplinary tivity in modern philosophy and romantic thought is entirely compatible. terms the accounts of the self covered span a broad range of areas from meta with Hegel s own conception of the infinite subject as mediated with its. physics and epistemology through ethics political and social philosophy to own other Jeffrey Hoover compares the accounts of ownership in Schleier. aesthetics and philosophy of religion The volume as a whole thus provides a macher and Hegel Hoover shows how social and economic relations with. detailed and comprehensive introduction to the philosophy of German idealism other selves are part of the concrete realization of the self John Durham. through the focus of the theory of the self Peters examines Hegel s account of symbolic interaction through language. The essays are organized under three headings each of them addressing Peters reads Hegel s treatment of self consciousness and spirit as providing. a key concept for figuring the self in classical German philosophy Part One a theory of communication between selves David Stern traces the Kantian. examines the role of the self as the subject underlying our experience of the heritage of the accounts of selfhood in Heidegger and Wittgenstein Stern. world Manfred Frank carefully distinguishes between the fact that selves have diagnoses a continued presence of Kant s emphasis on the active and struc. consciousness of their very being subjectivity and the fact that selves are turing function of the self. unique and not interchangeable individuality Frank places the Kantian Earlier versions of ten of the twelve essays collected here were presented. and post Kantian discussion of the self into the larger context of modem and at a conference on the classical German theory of the self that was held at the. contemporary thinking about mind and consciousness Richard Aquila pro University of Iowa under the title Figuring the Self on April 9 11 1992 The. vides a detailed reading of Kant s account of the subject of mental activity conference was sponsored by the Department of Philosophy the School of. Aquila stresses the proximity of Kant s doctrine of inner sense to a nonmeta Religion and the Project on Rhetoric of Inquiry at the University of Iowa. physical theory of the soul Karl Ameriks surveys the recent interpretations of with additional support from the National Endowment for the Humanities The. Introduction Introduction, conference was in turn the culminating event of a semester long Scholars and Dieter Sturma has since appeared under the title The Modem Subject. Workshop directed by the editors of the present volume and supported by a Conceptions of the Self in Classical German Philosophy Albany State Uni. grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities under the auspices of versity of New York Press 1995 That volume contains two further pieces by. the Project on Rhetoric of Inquiry at the University of Iowa Manfred Frank along with essays by German and American scholar philoso. The two essays not originally presented at the Iowa conference by Man phers and includes a bibliography. fred Frank and Dieter Henrich were included in order to provide some of the. German context for the work of the American based scholars represented in this. volume Frank s essay was published originally under the title Subjektivitat. and Individualitat Uberblick fiber eine Problemlage in Selbstbewuftsein und. Selbsterkenntnis m 1991 Philipp Reclam jun GmbH Co Stuttgart Hen. rich s essay originally entitled Selbsthewul3tsein and spekulatives Denken. was written for the French journal Critique and thus with a French audience in. mind It subsequently appeared in Fluchtlinien Philosophische Essays m. Suhrkamp Verlag Frankfurt am Main 1982 The two essays were translated by. Giinter Zoller and appear here with the kind cooperation of the authors and the. permission of the publishers, The pieces by Frank and Henrich exemplify two main positions in current. German thinking about the self Frank contrasts the semantic and epistemo. logical orientation of the account of selfhood in analytic philosophy of mind. with the constitutive role of understanding and interpretation in self conscious. individuals as emphasized by the hermeneutical tradition By contrast Henrich. draws on the tradition of Hegelian metaphysics and portrays the self as tran. scending the natural world and its ontology of individuality altogether relating. it instead to the absolute conceived as mediated self relation While Frank sug. gests a complementary relation between Continental and analytic thinking on. the mind Henrich radically challenges the naturalism underlying virtually all. current accounts of mind and self, The editors wish to thank their colleagues in the Department of Philoso.
phy the School of Religion and the Project on Rhetoric of Inquiry at the Uni. versity of Iowa for supporting the Scholars Workshop and the conference that. provided the basis for this collection of essays Special thanks go to the execu. tive director of the Project on Rhetoric of Inquiry Kate Neckerman and her. staff for their valuable help with all phases of the project from the grant writ. ing through the Workshop and conference organization Valuable technical. support in preparing the translation of Dieter Henrich s essay was provided. ground Dieter Henrich argues for the role of metaphysical thinking in our understanding of the self and its place in the world He focuses on the close connection between the self relation expressed in the first person singular pro noun I and the pure self relation of the absolute developed by Hegel Jane

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