ST MARY THROUGH AN ICONOGRAPHERS EYE

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ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. HISTORY BACKGROUND OF COPTIC ICONOGRAPHY PAGE 2 5,COPTIC Vs BYZANTINE ART PAGE 6. THE USE OF COLOUR IN COPTIC ICONOGRAPHY PAGE 7 8,ICONS OF ST MARY PAGE 9. SYMBOLISM IN THE ICONS OF ST MARY MOTHER OF GOD PAGE 10 14. BYZANTINE ART ICON OF MOTHER OF GOD PAGE 15,CONCLUSION PAGE 16. St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 2. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. HISTORY BACKGROUND OF ICONOGRAPHY, Christian iconography did not begin a few centuries ago but it began way back in the 1st century AD. when the cloth was put on the face of Christ by Nicodimus and Joseph of Arimathea when they were. burying him in the new tomb This cloth without a doubt would have left on it an imprint of at least the. blood of our savior who was scourged and whipped severely a divine human image. However iconography never took off until the early church faced a great predicament in that many of. the pagan believers who were coming new into the Christian faith were illiterate and at best not able to. comprehend the deep theology of the early church, To combat this the early church took up iconography as a way of teaching believers about the faith in.
order to help pagans understand biblical teachings and. spiritual meanings as well as historical events that took. place in the history of the church, So in essence the use of icons was allowed by the church. leaders to help the assimilation of the pagans to,Christianity. The most notable iconographer of the 1st century AD was. by far St Luke the evangelist who by profession was a. doctor and artist This is very visible in his works as he. often describes the scene very well adding minute details. that the other gospel writers do not include,His prominent works include the following. 1 Icon of St Mary Mother of God,2 Icon of St Peter St Paul. 3 Icon of Archangel Michael found in the cathedral. of Alexandria, However this early era of iconography did not last long as the persecution of Christians intensified.
dramatically It is documented that St Luke was hung from the neck on an olive tree at the age of 84. This shows the ferocious nature of persecution, As a result Christianity went underground for a period. however iconography was not forgotten and covert symbols. began to come into being amongst believers, The Symbol of the fish well known today had its origins in. the creed of the early church The creed in Greek was Isos Christos Theo Ios Sotir translated Jesus. St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 3. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. Christ Son of God our Savior However if we take the 1st letter of each of these words we end up with. ICTIS this is the Greek word for Fish As a result the fish had a deep meaning and anyone drawing it. declared the creed of faith, As persecution continued icons were destroyed or hidden It wasn t until King Constantine converted to. Christianity after the defeat of the great Emperor Maxentus that iconography came into its own form. Icons would be written and placed in worshippers of homes and it wasn t until the decree issued by. Pope Cyril the 24th 404 430AD also known as the Pillar of Faith that icons were allowed into the. patriarchate and churches of Egypt, Before we continue we need to understand what an icon is as this will allow us to explore the. iconoclastic controversy that would arise in the 8th century. An icon is an image which leads the believer to become a Holy God Pleasing person it raises us up to. heaven It evokes a feeling of repentance compunction and prayer A feeling that one must bow down. before the icon in reverence It is simply a glimpse into heaven. Icons remind us of the spiritual aspect of the person rather than the pain they endured It is very true. indeed that in Coptic iconography struggle or war is never portrayed However what is portrayed is how. the Saint attained a state of saintliness on Earth. To venerate icons one must understand the following crucial points. 1 We do not venerate the icon or artwork itself but rather the event or person it portrays. 2 Icons are a spiritual window used to communicate difficult spiritual matters. 3 Their aim is to put us into a prayerful and repentant frame of mind. 4 They may portray events in the bible or history again the aim is to give Glory to God. 5 We do not worship the saint but rather the Holy Spirit in them. This is a sound understanding that is required by believers who bow down and kiss the icons that. surround the church, However as the 8th century approach a great debate arose among Christians who wanted icons.
abolished based on the command found in Exodus 20 4 5. You shall not make for yourself a carved image or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above. or that is in the earth beneath or that is in the water under the earth you shall not bow down to. them nor serve them For I the Lord your God am a jealous God visiting the iniquity of the fathers. on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me. This movement led by the likes of people such as Lawon el Safry and his followers began to destroy. many icons of the churches, However it wasn t until the 7th ecumenical council in Nicea where discussions took place about the. controversy, St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 4. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. Two prominent theologians,St John of Damascus 675 749AD. St Theodore of Studios 759 826AD, Vigorously defended the use and placement of icons in the churches and if understood correctly did not. constitute worshipping idols As a result of their defense the council decreed in the year 787AD the. validity of icons, It is interesting to draw parallels with this controversy and the invasion of many of the Christian Holy.
Places by Muslims It is without a doubt that the island idea that worshipping images is forbidden. affected and swayed some of the Christians of the time who rose against the use of icons in their own. St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 5. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. COPTIC Vs BYZANTINE ART,Coptic art refers to art that came out of Egypt. Byzantine art refers to art that came out of the Byzantine Empire from about the 4th century until the. Fall of Constantinople in 1453 The empire covered countries such as Greece Italy Bulgaria Serbia. A Major difference between Coptic Byzantine art is that Coptic art never depicts hell but always. focuses on heaven,Coptic Byzantine, St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 6. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. THE USE OF COLOUR IN COPTIC ICONOGRAPGHY, Enables the feeling of the radiant light of God and the splendor of the celestial kingdom where there is. never any night Gold symbolized the divine nature of God himself. Purple or crimson was a color very important in Byzantine culture and not so much in Coptic icons. however some icons do use purple This is the color of the Celestial King and the Byzantine emperor. Only the Byzantine emperor could sign edicts in purple ink and sit in glory upon a purple throne and it. was only he who wore purple clothing and boots for all others it was strictly forbidden The leather or. wood bindings of the Gospel in churches were sometimes covered with purple cloth This color is. sometimes present in icons on the clothing of the Mother of God the Celestial Queen. Further purple was the colour of the robe put on Christ during the Passion. Red is one of the most frequently used colors in icons This is the color of heat passion love life and. life giving energy and for this very reason red became the symbol of the resurrection the victory of life. over death But at the same time it is the color of blood and torments and the color of Christ s sacrifice. Martyrs are depicted in red clothing on icons Sometimes icons were painted with a red background as a. symbol of the celebration of eternal life, White is the symbol of the heavenly realm and God s divine light This is the color of cleanliness purity. holiness and simplicity On icons and frescoes saints and righteous people are usually depicted clothed. in white as righteous ones people who were good honest and lived by the Truth In the same. manner white was used in the swaddling bands of babies and the robes of angels Only righteous souls. were depicted as wearing white,Dark Blue and Blue, Dark blue and blue indicate the infiniteness of the sky and is the symbol of another everlasting world.
Dark blue was considered the color of the Mother of God who combines in herself both the terrestrial. and celestial The backgrounds of icons dedicated to the Mother of God are filled with a celestial dark. St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 7. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. Green is the color of natural living things It is the color of grass. and leaves youth flowering hope and eternal renovation. Ancient iconographers often painted the earth green to denote. where life began such as in scenes of the Annunciation and the. Nativity Also green is symbolic of evil as Satan is the prince of this. world Refer to adjacent icon, Brown is the color of the bare earth dust and all that is transient. and perishable Used in combination with the royal purple. clothing of the Mother of God this color reminds one of her. human nature which was subject to death This again is common. in Byzantine art and not so in Coptic art, Black is the color of evil and death In iconography caves were painted with the color black as a symbol. of humankind s grave and the gaping infernal abyss In some subjects this was also the color of mystery. The black robes of monks who have left the path of worldly life are a symbol of their eschewing the. pleasures and habits they formerly kept and dying a death toward this way of life. Colours Not Used in Iconography, A color that was never used in iconography is grey When mixing black and white together iniquity and. righteousness it becomes the color of vagueness the color of the void and nonexistence There was no. place for this color in the radiant world of the icon Simply no Luke warmness. St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 8. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. COPTIC ICONS OF ST MARY,ICON 1 ICON 2, St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 9. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. SYMBOLISM IN THE ICONS OF ST MARY MOTHER OF GOD,LARGE WIDE EYES.
Not anatomically symmetrical Symbolic of a spiritual eye that looks behind the material world. Mat 6 22 The lamp of the body is the eye If therefore your eye is good your whole body will. be full of light,LARGE EARS,Symbolises attentive listening to the word of God. Mark 4 23 If anyone has ears to hear let him hear,GENTLE LIPS. Symbolises glorification and praise to the lord, Psalm 63 5 My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness And my mouth shall praise. You with joyful lips,SMALL MOUTH, Symbolises how the saint controlled his mouth which is often the source of empty and harmful. James 1 19 So then my beloved brethren let every man be swift to hear slow to speak slow. SMALL NOSE,Symbolic of sensuality represents desire.
LARGE HEADS, Symbolic of the person having devoted his life to prayer and contemplation. All will be raised spiritual and glorified bodies This is visible in the icon of St Samuel the. confessor who on earth was blind in one eye but in heaven he had both his eyes The pope will. not consecrate an icon which shows a body deformed. St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 10. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. CHILD JESUS IN LEFT HAND, Reminds us of the verse Psalm 45 9 Kings daughters are among Your honorable women At. Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir. ST MARY RIGHT HAND ON CHRIST, St Mary is showing us the way to salvation it can only occur through her son. SHAPE OF ST MARY S HAND, Further the way her hand is shaped tells us that she is interceding for all of creation for in her. hands she contains the uncontained GOD master of Heaven and Earth. THE SCROLL, Jesus was the only one that was worthy to loose the scrolls in the book of Revelation.
Symbolic of the universe Job 9 8 He alone spreads out the heavens And treads on the waves of. The Book of Life,The true teacher the way the truth and the life. ONE FINGER ON JESUS LEFT HAND,Symbolises the unity of the trinity as one God. Blessing the people,ICON 1 ANGELS HOLDING INSTRUMENTS OF PASSION. Spear Wine Cross,Michael Gabriel, In Byzantine art they hold these instruments using veils as a sign of reverence in handling. sacred objects,JESUS HAS AN ADULT FACE and HIGH EYEBROW.
Demonstrates Jesus Divine mind with infinite Intelligence. St Barbara St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 11. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS. ST MARY S FACE IS YOUTHFUL,Unspeakable Majesty,EYES ARE PARTLY CLOSED ON ST MARY. Expresses ineffable sorrow and sympathy,ST MARY LOOKS AWAY FROM JESUS IN ICON 1 2. She is pondering on the events that are happening in her heart. She may also be looking at us her adopted children as if to express compassion for us in our own. ST MARY THROUGH THE EYE OF AN ICONOGRAPHER BISHOY MARCUS St Barbara amp St Noufer Coptic Orthodox Church Sydney 10 SYMBOLISM IN THE ICONS OF ST MARY MOTHER OF GOD LARGE WIDE EYES Not anatomically symmetrical Symbolic of a spiritual eye that looks behind the material world

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