Significant Biodiversity Area Descriptions

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Albany Pine Bush,Site Description, The Albany Pine Bush includes the remaining undeveloped sandplain habitat in the Al. bany Pine Bush including all parcels of the Albany Pine Bush Preserve the intervening. lands that connect these protected parcels and some of the surrounding areas adjacent to. the Preserve The area encompasses the regionally rare pine barrens communities and. interspersed forest and wetland communities that support rare and highly localized insect. species populations as well as rare amphibians reptiles and plants The area is about. 6 54 miles long by 3 5 miles wide and covers about 9 000 acres. The Albany Pine Bush is underlain by,shale Normanskill shale from the Or. dovician period however the overriding,influence on the Pine Bush comes from the. surficial deposits of sand These are dune,deposits formed when wind carried sand. from drained glacial lakes about 10 000,years ago The deep well drained sand.
deposits left poor soils that had a large,influence on the communities that could. establish there,Albany Pine Bush Photo by Steve Young. Site Location, The Albany Pine Bush is located in eastern New York between the cities of Albany and. Schenectady,Towns Albany Guilderland Colonie,Counties Albany. Approximate Size 14 3 mi2, Land Stewardship Name or Classification Manager Area.
Albany Pine Bush Preserve NYSDEC 2 27 mi2,Municipal County Parks 0 81 mi2. Private Conservation Land 0 97 mi2,Ecological Significance. The Albany Pine Bush is regionally significant as the largest remaining inland pine bar. rens in the Hudson River Estuary corridor The Albany Pine Bush contains exemplary. occurrences of the globally rare pitch pine scrub oak barrens and several exemplary oc. currences of pine barrens vernal pools A rare plant associated with pine barrens vernal. pools is the red rooted flatsedge Other significant plant species in the area include the. globally rare and federal species of special concern bog bluegrass the globally rare. orchid Bayard s malaxis and the only extant occurrence in the state of the globally rare. adder s mouth The Albany Pine Bush is nationally recognized for its populations of rare. butterflies and moths Lepidoptera There are hundreds of Lepidoptera species found in. the Pine Bush including the federally listed Karner blue butterfly and over 40 noctuid. moths Noctuidae considered to be pine barrens specialists The Karner blue depends on. dry open sandplain communities such as the pitch pine scrub oak barrens found at the. Albany Pine Bush, Animal species of state special concern and on the NY Natural Heritage watch list. found in the Albany Pine Bush include Jefferson s salamander blue spotted salamander. eastern spadefoot toad one of only three occurrences known north of Long Island spot. ted turtle and eastern hognose snake, Fire suppression has resulted in the conversion of some of the pine barrens to succession. al hardwood forest However active management and the use of prescribed fire are re. storing the area to a more characteristic and functioning pine barrens The restoration and. repeated burning has created a complex of related communities that form a gradient from. grassy openings to dense canopy forests Part of this gradient is pitch pine oak forest and. pitch pine scrub oak barrens that form a shifting mosaic Nested within these areas are. pine barrens vernal ponds that are important breeding habitat for amphibian species. Conservation issues and recommendations, Invasive exotic species as well as native invasives such as aspens and black locust have.
altered the composition and structure of the ecological communities and the habitat of. many rare species Plant succession often as a result of fire suppression has had similar. effects The Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission a multi agency team has under. taken efforts for many years to address these concerns resulting in the protection of. many globally rare species and communities in the Pine Bush The management plan. for the Pine Bush developed by the Albany Pine Bush Commission should be supported. and implemented Prescribed burning and other management techniques in the Albany. Pine Bush should be carried out to restore the successional forests to pine barrens and to. maintain the mosaic of existing pine barrens communities Ongoing protection efforts. are focused on high priority parcels See the management plan developed for the Albany. Pine Bush Preserve Commission for additional information Additional inventory work. Location Description, This area is an expanded representation of the US Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS. Albany Pine Bush Significant Habitat Complex The site generally follows the Conrail. railroad tracks on the north and the Albany city line on the south as far east as Interstate. 87 the western portion of the site is defined by the outer limits of the Preserve and any. adjacent natural areas that have the potential to be restored to a pine barren community. Arthur Kill,Site Description, The Arthur Kill includes important nesting and foraging sites for several species of her. ons egrets and ibises as well as for gulls and waterfowl The freshwater wetland areas. and forested buffers are also extremely important as some of the only remaining open. space in metropolitan New York suitable as feeding and roosting areas for waterbirds. and migratory stopover habitat for songbirds and raptors This area also contains several. plants and natural communities reaching their northeast limit thus making them rare in. New York State,Site Location, The Arthur Kill includes the northwestern corner of Staten Island in New York City and. adjacent portions of the Arthur Kill and Kill van Kull in both New York and New Jersey. Although not considered part of the Hudson River Estuary Watershed this site is included. in this report due to its presence in the conservation area which is defined as the counties. bordering the Hudson River Estuary,Towns Borough of Staten Island New York City. Counties Richmond,Approximate Size 7 45 mi2, Land Stewardship Name or Classification Manager Area.
Clay Pit Ponds State Park NYSOPRHP 0 17 mi2,Harbor Herons WMA NYSDEC 0 06 mi2. Old Place Creek Tidal NYSDEC 0 09 mi2,Wetlands Area. Other State Tidal Wetlands NYSDEC 0 04 mi2,Greenbelt City of New York 0 05 mi2. Parks and Recreation,Ecological Significance, The Arthur Kill is notable for the network of remaining upland and wetland open space. within a highly industrialized area These remaining natural communities support region. ally significant fish and wildlife populations especially wading birds Of primary signifi. cance in this area is the presence of major nesting colonies and foraging areas of herons. egrets and ibises in a complex of closely associated natural habitats occurring within a. major metropolitan area The three island colonies established in the area represent the. largest heronry complex in New York State and support thousands of pairs of a variety of. species of colonial wading birds many of which are of special concern in the region The. Arthur Kill also serves as an important location for nesting waterfowl and many neotropi. cal migrant songbirds Examples of significant and regionally rare species and communi. ties occurring in this area include red maple sweet gum swamp southern leopard frog. and the globally rare Nantucket juneberry,Conservation Issues and Recommendations.
This unique and regionally significant wetlands and heronry complex is within one of. the most intensively industrialized and urbanized corridors in the northeastern United. States and is subject to both physical and qualitative losses of habitat due to chemical. and nutrient pollution stresses storm water and sewage discharges stream channeliza. tion nonpoint source runoff illegal filling and dumping activities fragmentation and. loss of connecting corridors loss of upland buffers invasive species mammalian preda. tors uninformed or poorly planned land and waterfront development human related. disturbances and dredging and other changes in,channel flows among other impacts Protection. of the heronries wetland foraging areas and rare, plants and communities of this regionally significant. habitat complex should be accorded high prior,ity and sought through a multitude of appropriate. land protection mechanisms including cooperative,conservation and management agreements with land. owners improved local zoning and land use regula,tions easements land exchanges and in some cases.
acquisition Additional inventory work is needed,Great blue heron Photo by Mary Tremaine. Location Description, This area is included in the USFWS Arthur Kill Significant Habitat Complex The area. consists of a contiguous area on the northwest corner of Staten Island the entire length of. the Arthur Kill from its junction with Newark Bay south to the Outerbridge Route 440. on the south and several tributary corridors to the Arthur Kill in New Jersey The con. tiguous Staten Island area is bounded by the Kill van Kull and Newark Bay on the north. by Fresh Kills and Isle of Meadows on the south and by several road systems on Staten. Island on the east On the western side of the Arthur Kill the area includes several New. Jersey tributary corridors,Catskill Mountains,Site Description. The Catskill Mountains contain major unfragmented forests including first growth forest. as well as alpine communities gorges pristine headwater streams and reservoirs the. area supports regionally significant populations of forest interior nesting birds bald eagle. large mammals coldwater fish reptiles and rare communities and plants The Catskill. Mountains significant biodiversity area is roughly circular and about 40 miles across at its. widest point The entire area coves 485 000 acres of which 361 000 acres fall within the. Hudson River Estuary conservation area 435 000 acres are in Greene and Ulster Coun. Schoharie Creek runs out of the Catskill Moun,tains to the north Esopus Creek drains the ma. jority of the mountain range as it runs through its. center and into Ashokan Reservoir at the south,eastern edge of the area Rondout Creek fills.
Rondout Reservoir at the southwestern border of,the area The Catskill Aqueduct a major water. source for New York City begins at Ashokan,Catskills lake Photo by Elizabeth Hill. Two community types occur as matrix forests in the Catskills Beech maple mesic forest. is common on the valleys and slopes while hemlock northern hardwood forest is com. mon in cool ravines and steep sided slopes The rare Bicknell s thrush breeds in moun. tain spruce fir and mountain fir communities on Hunter Mountain and its satellite peaks. Large patch communities include chestnut oak forest mountain spruce fir forest red. maple tamarack peat swamp and spruce northern hardwood forest Small patch com. munities include cliff community ice cave talus community hemlock hardwood swamp. mountain fir forest mountain spruce fir forest spruce fir rocky summit pitch pine oak. heath rocky summit and sedge meadow Many of these patch communities occur in. relatively stable bounded geographic regions defined by the mountainous landscape. The Catskills make up the eastern edge of the Allegheny Plateau in New York This pla. teau is of Devonian age 410 to 360 million years ago and formed when New York was. covered in a shallow sea the Catskill deposits were mainly from the mouths of rivers and. the edge of the sea Surface deposits are shallow and usually classified as rock or til. Site Location, The Catskill Mountains are in eastern New York on the west side of the Hudson River. Towns Cairo Catskill Denning Halcott Hardenbergh Hunter Hurley. Jewett Lexington Middletown Neversink Olive Rochester. Saugerties Shandaken Wawarsing Windham Woodstock,Counties Delaware Greene Sullivan Ulster. Approximate Size 758 mi2, Land Stewardship Name or Classification Manager Area.
Forest Preserve NYSDEC 0 55 mi2,Balsam Lake Mountain NYSDEC 20 13 mi2. Belleayre Day Use Area NYSDEC 0 5 mi2,Big Indian NYSDEC 53 0 mi2. Blackhead Range NYSDEC 17 72 mi2,Bluestone NYSDEC 0 01 mi2. Colgate Lake NYSDEC 0 93 mi2,Devils Tombstone Campground NYSDEC 0 28 mi2. Dry Brook Ridge NYSDEC 0 8 mi2,Halcott Mountain NYSDEC 7 33 mi2.
Hunter Mountain NYSDEC 16 65 mi2,Kaaterskill NYSDEC 12 33 mi2. Kenneth Wilson Campground NYSDEC 0 93 mi2,Little Pond Campground NYSDEC 0 32 mi2. Middle Mountain NYSDEC 0 70 mi2,North Mountain NYSDEC 5 81 mi2. North South Lake Campground NYSDEC 1 74 mi2,Overlook NYSDEC 0 87 mi2. Peekamoose Valley NYSDEC 3 16 mi2,Phoenicia NYSDEC 11 64 mi2.
Pine Hill NYSDEC 3 8 mi2,Plateau Mountain NYSDEC 26 18 mi2. Shandaken NYSDEC 4 36 mi2,Slide Mountain NYSDEC 79 08 mi2. Sundown NYSDEC 37 28 mi2,Westkill Mountain NYSDEC 27 18 mi2. Willowemoc NYSDEC 2 39 mi2,Windham High Peak NYSDEC 6 11 mi2. Woodland Valley Campground NYSDEC 0 18 mi2,Vinegar Hill WMA NYSDEC 0 67 mi2.
Ashokan Reservoir NYCDEP 8 11 mi2,Rondout Reservoir NYCDEP 0 65 mi2. Publicly Owned Water Bodies 15 0 mi2,Public Easements 0 79 mi2. Private Conservation Lands 1 26 mi2,Ecological Significance. The ecological significance of the Catskill Mountains relates to its large continuous for. est and pristine headwater stream habitats and the species dependent on these habitats. Mountains significant biodiversity area is roughly circular and about 40 miles across at its widest point The entire area coves 485 000 acres of which 361 000 acres fall within the Hudson River Estuary conservation area 435 000 acres are in Greene and Ulster Coun ties Catskill Mountains Great blue heron Photo by Mary Tremaine

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