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SAP Testing,About the Tutorial, Many Organizations implement SAP ERP to manage their business operations efficiently. SAP Testing is about testing the functionality of various SAP modules and to ensure that. they perform as per the configuration This tutorial explains the basics of SAP testing. This tutorial is meant for all those readers who want to learn complete end to end testing. and validation of all SAP modules in SAP ERP environment. Prerequisites, You need to have a basic understanding of the concepts of enterprise resource planning in. order to make the most of this tutorial,Disclaimer Copyright. Copyright 2018 by Tutorials Point I Pvt Ltd, All the content and graphics published in this e book are the property of Tutorials Point I. Pvt Ltd The user of this e book is prohibited to reuse retain copy distribute or republish. any contents or a part of contents of this e book in any manner without written consent. of the publisher, We strive to update the contents of our website and tutorials as timely and as precisely as.
possible however the contents may contain inaccuracies or errors Tutorials Point I Pvt. Ltd provides no guarantee regarding the accuracy timeliness or completeness of our. website or its contents including this tutorial If you discover any errors on our website or. in this tutorial please notify us at contact tutorialspoint com. SAP Testing,Table of Contents,About the Tutorial i. Audience i,Prerequisites i,Disclaimer Copyright i,Table of Contents ii. 1 SAP TESTING OVERVIEW 1,2 SAP TESTING TYPES OF TESTING 4. 3 SAP TESTING MANUAL AND AUTOMATION TESTING 5,4 SAP TESTING SDLC 6. Software Testing Life Cycle 7,5 SAP TESTING TESTING TYPES IN SAP 11.
Unit Testing 11,System Testing 11,Scenario based Testing 11. Integration Testing 12,SAP Interface Testing 12,SAP User Acceptance Testing 12. SAP System Performance Testing 12,SAP Load Testing 12. SAP Security and Authorizations Testing 13,SAP Cutover Testing 13. SAP Regression Testing 13,SAP Testing,6 SAP TESTING TESTING PROCESS 14.
Test Planning 14,Test System Setup 14,Test Execution and Evaluation 14. SAP Testing Critical Process 14,7 SAP TESTING NAVIGATION 16. 8 SAP TESTING SCREEN FLOW 19,Creating Screen Flow 19. Testing Screens 20,9 SAP TESTING MODULES 21,10 SAP TESTING INTERFACES 23. 11 SAP TESTING TEST CASES 24,12 SAP TESTING TAO 27.
SAP TAO 2 0 27,SAP TAO Process Architecture 28,Prerequisites for Installing SAP TAO 29. 13 SAP TAO FOLDER STRUCTURE 30,14 SAP TESTING CONFIGURE SAP QUALITY CENTER 33. HP Server Attributes 33,HP Project 33,15 SAP TAO RESULTS ANALYSIS 38. 16 SAP TAO BUILD EXECUTE TEST SCRIPT 40,17 SAP TAO CONSOLIDATE 41. SAP Testing,18 SAP TAO UI SCANNER 42,19 SAP TESTING AUTOMATION TOOLS 43.
20 SAP TESTING SOLUTION MANAGER 44,21 SAP TESTING HP BUSINESS PROCESS TESTING 46. HP Quality Center ALM 47,22 SAP TESTING QTP 49,23 SAP TESTING CASE STUDY 51. 24 SAP TESTING INTERVIEW QUESTIONS 52,1 SAP Testing Overview SAP Testing. Many organizations implement SAP ERP Enterprise Resource Planning to manage their. business operations and adapt according to new market challenges SAP R 3 is an. integrated ERP software that allows organizations to manage their business efficiently. Organizations can reduce the cost to run their operations by using SAP R 3 ERP packages. SAP R 3 also allows customers to interact with different databases to run different. applications with the help of a user friendly GUI The SAP R 3 system is divided into. different modules to cover the functionality of different business operations in an. organization,The most common SAP R 3 modules are,SAP Material Management. SAP Financial Accounting and Controlling,SAP Sales and Distribution.
SAP Human Resource,SAP Supply Chain Management,SAP Plant Management. SAP Testing is about testing the functionality of these modules and to ensure that they. perform as per the configuration,SAP Testing,Distribution. HR Supply Chain,Management,Management Finance,Controlling. Management, A SAP system undergoes various changes like patch management and fixes new module. implementations and various other configuration changes All these modifications raise a. need for Regression testing that is to be performed in SAP environments SAP testing. automation tools like SAP Test Acceleration and Optimization tools can be used for this. SAP TAO is an automation tool to generate test cases for end to end scenarios for SAP. applications Apart from this there are various other Automation testing tools for SAP. testing like HP QTP and ECATT etc that can be used. Importance of Testing, Here is a list of key reasons why SAP testing is performed and why it is an important.
function in the growth of an organization, System Validation SAP Testing involves complete end to end testing and. validation of all SAP modules in SAP ERP environment. Quality and Revenue SAP Testing is an output based testing and not like. conventional testing methods which are input based It ensures the quality of SAP. system and also focuses on revenue and cost of the organization. Cost and Predictability SAP Testing involves reducing the SAP development. costs and improve predictability,SAP Testing, Compliance Requirement SAP Testing ensures that the SAP implementation is. meeting the new compliance requirements in a specific organization and all the. modules are working as per the expected configuration. New Implementation and Configuration Changes There are different types of. changes implemented in a SAP system like patches and fixes new implementation. configurational changes Therefore SAP testing ensures that all the modules are. performing as per requirement in this dynamic system environment. Integration SAP testing is performed to test various reports data flows and work. flows GUI forms etc It is used to check system integration between different. modules For example if an order posting is done that requires an action in Sales. and Distribution MM and FICO then SAP testing checks the integration between. these systems, Performance It is also used to ensure if the system will be able to meet the. Service Level agreements time taken by system to perform specific actions. performance of the system etc,2 SAP Testing Types of Testing SAP Testing. There are different testing methods that can be used to test the functionality of a software. system or an application,The most common testing techniques are.
Unit Testing It is a type of white box testing that involves testing a single unit. or group of units, Integration Testing In this testing multiple systems are combined together to. test the output of the integrated system, Functional Testing It checks the functionality of each module as per the desired. Usability Testing It checks the ease of use of an application or a system It. checks how easy it would be for a new user to use an application or to understand. the system, Acceptance Testing Acceptance testing is performed to test if a system meets. the user requirement and whether to accept the application or system. System Testing Entire system is tested as per the requirement and specification. Stress Testing In this testing the system is put into stress beyond its. specification to check when it fails, Performance Testing This testing is performed to check if the system meets the. performance requirement, Regression Testing It includes testing the full application or system for the.
modifications, Beta Testing The aim of beta testing is to cover unexpected errors It falls under. the class of black box testing It is performed by releasing the pre version of the. final product called Beta, Database Testing Database testing is used to test the data in the database It is. performed using SQL statements, ETL Testing ETL testing is performed to ensure if data is correctly extracted. transformed and loaded from a source system to a target system. 3 SAP Testing Manual and Automation Testing SAP Testing. Manual Testing, Manual testing means you are testing a software manually without using any automated. tools or any script In this type of testing the tester takes over the role of an end user. and tests the software to identify bugs or any unexpected behavior. There are different stages of a manual testing They are unit testing integration testing. system testing and user acceptance testing, Various test plans test cases or test scenarios are used by a manual tester to ensure the.
completeness of testing Manual testing can also be called exploratory testing because. the testers explore the software to identify errors in it manually. Automation Testing, In Automation testing the tester writes the scripts and uses software tools to test the. product This process involves the automation of a manual process Automation testing. includes re running the test cases multiple times that were performed manually. Automation testing is also used to test the application from load performance and stress. purpose It is used to increase the coverage of test Automation testing improves the. accuracy and saves time and money in comparison to manual testing. Software Testing Tools, The following tools can be used for Automation testing. HP Quick Test Professional QTP,IBM Rational Functional Tester. TestComplete,Testing Anywhere,LaodRunner,Visual Studio Test Professional. 4 SAP Testing SDLC SAP Testing, Software Development Life Cycle determines the series of steps to be performed to.
develop an application or the efficiency of a software In this chapter we will discuss the. phases defined in SDLC Each phase has its own process and deliverables that goes into. the next phase,Feasibility Study, The first stage of SDLC is requirement gathering After the requirements are gathered. the team comes up with a rough plan of software process At this step the team analyzes. if a software can be made to fulfill all the requirements of the user It is found out if the. project is financially practically and technologically feasible for the organization to take. up There are many algorithms available which help the developers to conclude the. feasibility of a software project,System Analysis, At this step the developers decide a roadmap of their plan and try to bring up the best. software model suitable for the project System analysis includes understanding of. software product limitations learning system related problems or changes to be done in. the existing systems identifying and addressing the impact of the project on the. organization and personnel etc The project team analyzes the scope of the project and. plans the schedule and resources accordingly,Software Design. The next step is to bring the whole knowledge of requirements and analysis on to the desk. and design the software product The inputs from the users and the information gathered. in the requirement gathering phase are the inputs of this step The output of this step. comes in the form of two designs logical design and physical design Engineers. produce meta data and data dictionaries logical diagrams data flow diagrams and in. some cases pseudocodes, This step is also known as programming phase The implementation of software design. starts in terms of writing the program code in a suitable programming language and. developing error free executable programs efficiently. An estimate says that 50 of the whole software development process should be tested. Errors may ruin the software from critical level to its own removal Software testing is. done while coding by the developers and thorough testing is conducted by testing experts. at various levels of code such as module testing program testing product testing in. house testing and testing the product at user s end Early discovery of errors and their. remedy is the key to developing a reliable software. SAP Testing,Integration, Software may need to be integrated with the libraries databases and other program s.
This stage of SDLC deals with the integration of the software with outer world entities. Implementation, Implementation or deployment means installing the software on user machines At times. the software needs post installation configurations at the user s end Software is tested. for portability and adaptability and integration related issues are solved during. implementation,Software Testing Life Cycle, Software Testing Life Cycle STLC consists of all the steps that are performed in a specific. way to ensure that quality goals are met and each step has specific goals and deliverables. STLC is used to improve the quality of a software product and to make it capable to meet. the business requirements to achieve certain goals. The different stages that come under Software Testing Life Cycle are as follows. Requirements phase,Test Planning,Test Analysis,Test Design Phase. Test Implementation,Test Execution Phase,Test Closure Phase. SAP Testing,Requirement Phase, This is the first phase of Software Testing Life Cycle During this phase the tester s job is.
to analyze the requirements There are various methods for Requirement Analysis like. conducting brainstorming sessions with business people team members and try to find. SAP Testing 5 Manual Testing Manual testing means you are testing a software manually without using any automated tools or any script In this type of testing the tester takes over the role of an end user and tests the software to identify bugs or any unexpected behavior There are different stages of a manual testing They are unit testing integration testing system testing and user

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