Salinger s Fictional Families Works by Salinger

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Art Imitates Life, Writing as an art is an experience magnified For Esm with Love and Squalor. J D SALINGER Like Salinger the narrator Sergeant X serves as an intelligence. officer at D Day, It s often said that art imitates life In the case of J D Salin After the war Salinger met and befriended a 14 year old girl. ger his life provided the raw materials for his art From The Jean Miller with whom he corresponded for five years before. Catcher in the Rye to the stories of the Glass family Salinger beginning a relationship with her She served as the model for. embedded details of his experience into a web of fiction Esm. More profoundly his experience of World War II the sense. of devastation moral outrage and alienation underlies all. his works even those that don t deal explicitly with the war. You say you still feel fourteen I know,the feeling I m thirty four and too much of. the time I still feel like a sixteen year old, I think even if I ever die and they stick me in Holden Caulfield. a cemetery and I have a tombstone and all J D SALINGER IN A LETTER TO JEAN MILLER. it ll say Holden Caulfield on it,J D SALINGER Franny and Zooey.
The Catcher in the Rye The Glass children espouse the values of Zen Buddhism a reli. Like Holden Caulfield Salinger grew up in Manhattan and his gious discipline that Salinger took up in the early 1950s. family eventually moved to the same Park Avenue neighborhood Salinger s second wife Claire served as the model for Franny. where Holden s parents live Like the character Franny Claire owned the book The Way of. Both Salinger and his protagonist attended and flunked out of the Pilgrim a 19th century work of Russian mysticism with re. two prep schools fers to the practice of reciting the Jesus Prayer which Franny. In school Salinger managed the fencing team just like Holden recites. Prior to his action in World War II Salinger met and fell in love. with Oona O Neill the daughter of playwright Eugene O Neill. but she left him to marry actor Charlie Chaplin She seems to. have served as the model for the attractive but uncommitted To Discuss. Sally Hayes,Salinger had said that if a movie of A. Catcher in the Rye was ever made he would, A Perfect Day for Bananafish be the only person who could play the role. Like Seymour Glass Salinger served in World War II suffered a of Holden Caulfield How do you see auto. nervous breakdown and spent time in a hospital because of his biography influencing this character What. mental condition experiences from his life may have led him. When he was a child Salinger s father would float the boy in the to identify so strongly with this character. waves and tell him to look for bananafish,Do you need to know about an author s. The story is set in Daytona Florida where Salinger broke up biography to appreciate a work Why or. with his first wife and where he met Jean Miller who was re why not What do you gain from knowing. flected in characters in this and other stories what a writer took from his or her life. A New York childhood is a special experience When A Perfect Day for Bananafish appeared. WILLIAM MAXWELL FICTION EDITOR OF in The New Yorker in 1948 everybody woke up. THE NEW YORKER 1936 1976 DAVID HUDDLE PROFESSOR AND FICTION WRITER. Jerome David J D Salinger was born on January 1 1919 in New York In 1951 Salinger achieved his greatest success with the publication of The. City the son of a successful cheese importer and his Scottish born wife Catcher in the Rye It had taken him ten years to write and it took the. When he was thirteen his affluent family moved to Park Avenue in Manhat reading public by storm generating both praise and criticism. tan In high school he attended two private schools but flunked out of both. Finally his parents sent him to Valley Forge Military Academy in Wayne Next Salinger published a collection of his short stories from The New. Pennsylvania where he continued to struggle in his studies Yorker as Nine Stories including one of his most popular stories For. Esm with Love and Squalor But as his fame from Catcher grew Sa. Salinger s father wanted his son to follow in his footsteps but the young linger began to retreat from the public eye He moved to the small town. Salinger wasn t interested He aspired to be the theater critic for The New of Cornish New Hampshire and practiced Zen Buddhism In 1955 he. Yorker and began writing short stories married Claire Douglas and had two children Margaret and Matthew. After attending New York University and Ursinus College without graduat Claire served as the model for the title character of his next Glass fam. ing he took an evening writing class at Columbia University and became the ily story Franny Later he published the story along with the novella. prot g of Whit Burnett the editor of Story magazine Burnett bought one of Zooey He followed these with two more novellas about the Glass fam. Salinger s stories for publication and other publications followed in a vari ily Raise High the Roof Beams Carpenters and Seymour An Introduc. ety of magazines Eventually The New Yorker accepted Slight Rebellion off tion published together in 1963 At home he retreated more and more. Madison Avenue a story featuring Holden Caulfield but publication was into his writing which he did from a small cement bunkhouse apart from. deferred after the bombing of Pearl Harbor his house There he worked on Hapworth 16 1924 a novella about. Seymour Glass,It was a long way from a Park Avenue. apartment to Normandy and War, EDWARD G MILLER AUTHOR For the past two decades I have elected for.
personal reasons to leave the public spotlight, In 1942 Salinger was drafted into the Army Salinger saw combat at three entirely I have shunned all publicity for over. particularly brutal encounters Utah Beach on D Day the Battle of the Bulge. and the Battle of H rtgen Forest As part of the counter intelligence effort twenty years and I have not published any. he later interrogated prisoners of war and was part of the force that liber material during that time I have become in. ated Kaufering Lager IV one of the sub camps of the Dauchau concentration every sense of the word a private citizen. camp After witnessing the horrors of the camp he checked himself into a J D SALINGER IN 1986. civilian hospital in Nuremburg for battle fatigue what we now call Post. traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD After 1965 Salinger refused to publish any more of his work although. he wrote every day J D Salinger died on January 27 2010 at the age of. 91 of natural causes,You never get the smell of burning flesh out of. your nose entirely no matter how long you live,J D SALINGER. Throughout the war Salinger continued to write and carried the first six. chapters of what would later be The Catcher in the Rye with him into battle To Think About. He also met Ernest Hemingway who encouraged his writing. What was the impact of Salinger s, After the war Salinger worked as an intelligence officer for the Department army experience on his writing. of Defense as part of the effort to capture former Gestapo agents During. this work he met and married former Nazi Sylvia Welter in 1945 They. Why do you think Salinger decided,soon divorced,to stop publishing after 1965.
Back in the States Salinger continued to pursue his dream of being a writer. The New Yorker finally published Slight Rebellion off Madison Avenue. and in 1948 Salinger received even more attention with the publication of. A Perfect Day for Bananafish a short story about war veteran Seymour. Glass also in The New Yorker This story would introduce the Glass family. about whom Salinger would continue to write, So personal So revealing I m aware that a number of my friends. It seemed like someone stripping the will be shocked or shocked saddened over. layers away from the soul some of the chapters in The Catcher in the Rye. THOMAS WOLFE NOVELIST Some of my best friends are children It s. almost unbearable to me to realize that my, The Impact of The Catcher in the Rye book will be kept on a shelf out of their reach. J D SALINGER, When The Catcher in the Rye was first released in 1951 it was A Banned Book. hailed as innovative and revealing written in a voice that spoke. directly to readers who felt alienated from their families schools But not everyone hailed the book Within two years of its publi. and communities cation The Catcher in the Rye was banned in some schools and li. braries It holds the distinction of being the most frequently taught. With The Catcher in the Rye readers heard a new voice in litera book in high schools and the second most frequently censored. ture Holden Caulfield was a new kind of protagonist an authen. tic teenager speaking in the voice of his generation and expressing Why was The Catcher in the Rye considered inappropriate for. the anxieties of a character who doesn t fit in He criticized the younger readers For one thing there s the language Holden s. values of his time and resisted becoming a conventional member of voice is raw and unpolished and he uses language that s typi. his society It was a perspective that hadn t been seen in literature cally kept out of schools He also speaks explicitly about sexual. before and it struck a nerve with both the adults who were the issues something that older readers and educators felt that stu. intended audience of the novel and teenagers who saw themselves dents shouldn t be exposed to But the chief concerns about the. in the hero novel had less to do with the language and sexual content than it. did with the perception that the novel was un American The. tone of rebellion anxiety and questioning in the novel seemed. Your first experience of The Catcher to many critics to be dangerous and anti social and they didn t. in the Rye is not that you think Holden think young readers should experience such a vivid spokesman. would be your friend It s that you think for these views. Holden is you Literally,EDWARD NORTON ACTOR, Holden Caulfield offered an alternative to 1950s conformity ques To Discuss. tioning and rejecting the values of his parents and teachers It was. a perspective whose time had come The Catcher in the Rye an Why do you think many readers identify. ticipated and most likely influenced later cultural attitudes among so closely with Holden Caulfield Are there. young people from the cry of angst in the films A Rebel Without any scenes or ideas in the novel that you. identify with, a Cause The Graduate and Less Than Zero to the upheaval and.
social change of the 1960s The Catcher in the Rye was published in. More than sixty years after its publication The Catcher in the Rye 1951 What do you know about the histori. is still popular Each year more than 500 000 copies are sold with cal events prior to and during this time Can. you speculate on how those events may have, a grand total of more than 65 million copies sold since its initial. shaped the readers responses to Catcher, release By 1981 translations of the novel had been produced in 27. when it was first published, countries It s said to be the 11th bestselling single volume book of. all time In a recent Harris poll it was ranked as the 10th favorite Were you surprised to learn that The Catch. book of all time among American readers er in the Rye has been banned in so many. schools Do you think it s ever appropriate,to ban books If so under what circum. stances If not why,Classroom writing prompt The Written Word.
Activities, Throughout his life Salinger was an avid writer In addition to writ. ing his novels and short stories he carried on long correspondences. by mail with a number of friends, writing prompt Childhood in Literature Imagine you are corresponding with J D Salinger He s asked you. The Catcher in the Rye depicts Holden Caulfield on the brink of to describe your feelings about school You can t use text messages. adulthood struggling to understand the world he is about to enter social media or photographs just the written word on a piece of. and resisting its corrupting influence paper Draft your letter and notice how the reliance on the written. word alone changes what you describe how you describe it and. How does this compare with the way childhood is depicted in other how deeply you describe it Did you learn anything new about your. works of American literature Consider for example To Kill a Mock feelings and your life by writing this letter. ingbird published in 1960 or The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. published in 1884 Compare how these novels present childhood to to discuss Salinger and Hollywood. how it appears in Salinger s novel How do these different presenta. tions reflect the cultural climate in which each work was written Holden Caulfield has never been portrayed on film and it was Sa. linger s wish that there would never be a film version of The Catcher. in the Rye But the figure of Holden has influenced many other film. to consider The Spiritual Quest, heroes including those in Rebel Without a Cause The Graduate. From the 1940s Salinger committed himself to Eastern religious and Less Than Zero What contemporary movies and television. practices particularly the philosophies of Zen Buddhism and Hindu programs seem to represent figures inspired by Holden Caulfield. Vedanta Both traditions instruct adherents to seek insights into the Why do these figures still appeal to us today. deeper meaning of existence enlightenment through spiritual con. templation and the renunciation of things important in this world to consider Exploring Death. Works by Salinger Many of Salinger s short stories were pub lished in magazines between 1940 and 1965 Some of these were collected in Nine Stories or other short story anthologies He also pro duced a number of short stories that have nev er been published or anthologized The Catcher in the Rye 1951 Salinger s first novel expands upon the story of Holden Caulfield originally told in

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