Revolutionizing the Newsroom How Online and Mobile

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16 The Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research in Communications Vol 5 No 1 Spring 2014. II Background, In order to properly understand the future of television journalism one must understand how it grew. to where it is today The past tells us that technology causes journalism to change In the mid nineteenth cen. tury the telegraph allowed news publishers to gather and send information across the globe faster than ever. before By the early twentieth century the camera could create photographic images of people and events. that readers had never been able to see 1 In the past forty years most afternoon newspapers have disap. peared people s primary news sources have shifted from paper to television to the Internet and our ways. of understanding the news has completely changed 2. As Giles and Snyder explain We cannot take the future for granted it is very difficult to deter. mine what is around the next bend in the road especially in a field as integrally connected with changes. in culture politics technology and economics as journalism As new technology is invented and becomes. popular many believe the old technology will go away but rather the technology has changed and expanded. over time 34 In particular the Internet allows journalism to change expand and adapt with the advent of new. technologies, John Naughton explains this phenomenon in his book A Brief History of the Future The Origins of the. The Internet is one of the most remarkable things human beings have ever made In terms of. its impact on society it ranks with print the railways the telegraph the automobile electric. power and television Some would equate it with print and television the two earlier technolo. gies that most transformed the communications environment in which people live Yet it is. potentially more powerful than both because it harnesses the intellectual leverage which print. gave to mankind without being hobbled by the one to many nature of broadcast television 5. Information about technology and media s future can be found from many sources beyond Naugh. ton s book For example in November of 2013 the Wall Street Journal posted a video entitled How is Mobile. Consumption Changing Journalism in which top professionals at online reporting companies such as Circa. Buzzfeed NewsCorp and Mashable were interviewed Anthony De Rosa from the news app Circa explained. there must be a change in newsrooms dealing with the online and mobile changes It takes a culture change. and a shift in the newsroom De Rosa said How do I take this story and make it really useful for someone. who s on their phone I think the newsroom itself has to take that information and synthesize it in a different. way and produce it in a different format Raju Narisetti the Senior Vice President of Strategy News Corp. agreed We have to think of very different ways to engage them he said I think that is where there s a little. bit of a disconnect with newsrooms that are so focused on the journalism only without worry about the experi. ence These challenges and changes prompted this study to find out how professionals are adapting to the. new technology,III Literature Review, Many studies regarding how changing technologies impact broadcast journalism were conducted in. the early 2000s when the Internet began to have a strong presence in the world of news media Since its in. vention the Internet has become the most popular means of communicating news and has increasingly. changed journalists job and their impacts on their audience along with the subsequent advent of mobile. technology, In 2001 Bardoel and Deuze further explored the endless technological possibilities of the Internet. Patricia L Dooley The Technology of Journalism Cultural Agents Cultural Icons Northwestern University. Northwestern University Press 2007 1,Giles Snyder What s Next xi.
Susan Zirinksy Executive Producer 48 Hours in a telephone interview with the author November 1 2013. Mark Effron Broadcast Journalism Not Dead Just Changing TV Week 2010 http www tvweek com. news 2008 07 guest commentary broadcast jou php November 12 2013. John Naughton A Brief History of the Future The Origins of the Internet Great Britain Weidenfeld Nicol. son 1999 22, Revolutionizing the Television Newsroom by Nicole Chadwick 17. and how a new occupation and industry had been created digital and online journalism 6 In another study. Deuze analyzed the first generation of news media online to find that online journalism was a fundamentally. different type of journalism particularly because it involved a new platform to share information that must. constantly be kept in mind for journalists in the future 7. As Henry Jenkins correctly predicted in the 2001 MIT Technology Review media will be every. where and we will use all kinds of media in relation to one another 8 Giles and Snyder also supported this. prediction in Problems and Prospects of Journalism What s Next by compiling essays from experts in the. United States who recognized how journalism would likely change with the Internet and predicted it would be. the future of news 9, Recent research on this topic has come from the Pew Research Center which has focused on the. impact of the Internet on local and network markets Jurkowitz and Matsa from the Pew Research Journalism. Project warned that though local television stations have become a hot commodity among large media com. panies their strength has decreased because of trends that put them behind many other competitors. Television news is losing significant portions of its audience particularly young viewers and lagging in digital. revenue 10 Furthermore Sasseen Olmstead and Mitchell of the Pew Research Center described how. journalists have become dependent on the technical industry and mobile giants in order to reach viewers. However they explained that news in general still holds out hope because most audience members return. to legacy newspapers and television stations for their information 11. The literature review above shows that the destiny of news will be shaped by the future of online and. mobile resources The important question is how much media professionals understand the importance of on. line and mobile news and how much they are able to embrace them To investigate this question the author. interviewed media professionals across the country. IV Methods, To explore the future of television journalism on the network and local level and provide insights of. journalists the author tried to understand the impact of the Internet and mobile capabilities and discover. what news professionals expect to change with new technology and ideas in the future. The author interviewed media professionals throughout the United States on the network and local. television levels to ask about the industry s responses to mobile and online capabilities their prediction on. how the television industry will continue to change in the future The following three questions were asked. of all interviewees for analysis and comparison 12. Q1 How is your job affected by online and mobile news Are you required to have a web presence. for your job, Q2 What is the greatest change to the newsroom since the introduction of online and mobile news. Q3 What s next Will there still be traditional newscasts in the future. Among twenty journalists contacted thirteen responded to the author s interview requests seven on. Jo Bardoel and Mark Deuze Network Journalism Converging Competences of Media Professionals. and Professionalism Australian Journalism Review 2001 23. Mark Deuze Online Journalism Modeling the first generation of news media on the world wide web First. Monday 2001, Henry Jenkins Convergence I Diverge MIT Technology Review June 1 2001.
Robert Giles and Robert W Snyder Problems Prospects of Journalism What s Next New Brunswick. Mark Jurkowitz and Katerina Eva Matsa Despite Some Warning Signs Local TV Stations Are Hot Com. modities Pew Research Journalism Project August 5 2013 http www journalism org 2013 08 05 despite. some warning signs local tv stations are hot commodities October 15 2013. Jane Sasseen Kenny Olmstead and Amy Mitchell Digital As Mobile Grows Rapidly the Pressures on. News Intensify The State of the News Media 2013 2013 http stateofthemedia org 2013 digital as mobile. grows rapidly the pressures on news intensify October 15 2013. Dapzury Valenzuela and Pallavi Shrivastava Interview as a Method for Qualitative Research Southern. Cross University and the Southern Cross Institute of Action Research. 18 The Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research in Communications Vol 5 No 1 Spring 2014. the local level and six on the network level Interviews were conducted in October and November 2013. through email telephone or Facebook chat interviews. The interview was chosen because this method is widely accepted as suitable for qualitative. research The qualitative research interview seeks to describe and understand the meanings of central. themes in the life and world of the subjects The interviewer s main task is to understand the meaning of. what the interview ees say 13, Again this study uses interviews to evaluate and organize qualitative data on the impact of technol. ogy on newsrooms across the country and to predict what new technology may come next. V Findings, This section was organized based on interviewees answers to the three questions asked above. Job changes due to online and mobile news including a web presence. Online and mobile technologies play an increasingly prominent role in television newsrooms. particularly on the local level All but one journalist in this study emphasized the importance of having an. online component along with an on air news broadcast Many of the local journalists explained their. stations have gone web first which demonstrates how much the industry has changed from having. only on air broadcasts in the 1990s to web pages for most stations to interactive web sites and mobile. apps which have become standard for many stations across the country 14 15. On the local level reporters are responsible for all on air and web content regarding their story in. cluding a print style web article 16 17 18 At WVEC TV in Norfolk Virginia one reporter explained how his mobile. app is on track to getting more monthly views than his station s website a sign of how quickly mobile devices. have been adopted and become important in the distribution of television news 19 At KLBK TV in Lubbock. Texas the general manager requires at least fifty local stories be posted online every day 20. On the network level journalists bring a new value to their website by adding materials beyond the. on air broadcasts For example producers21 at CBS This Morning are encouraged to supply web extras to. their stories including parts of stories that did not make it on the air but may be complementary to the final. product online and on mobile platforms including extra b roll22 and parts of interviews 23 Matt Samuels. broadcast associate at CBS Sunday Morning however explained that the Internet did not have as much of. an impact on his work because the shows appeals to an older audience that does not have a strong affiliation. with the web Network producers also deal with complicated copyright issues on the Internet Music still. photographs and footage licensed for particular news or feature segments are often cleared just for. television broadcast but not for the Internet Therefore some segments are restricted from the web With. that in mind producers are now trying to secure rights and clearances for both their broadcast and online. stories when negotiating for them 24 According to Meggie Miao producer at CBS Sunday Morning she took. the extra step to obtain all necessary rights and clearances to use all content online too I try to negoti ate. all the rights to license the piece on air as well as online she said For instance the story I produced. Steinar Kvale InterViews An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing Sage Publications 1996. Matt Howerton in a Facebook message to the author October 16 2013. Drew Smith reporter in an email message to the author October 19 2013. Reporters write the stories for the newscast including parts of interviews and research into their content. Also see one man band, Print style is a form of writing an article that is written generally for the web or for a newspaper in Associated. Press style, Janet St James in an email message to the author October 17 2013. Nick Ochsner in a Facebook message to the author October 16 2013. Monica Yantosh in a Facebook message to the author November 5 2013. Producers work with reporters associate producers and the executive producers to write and put together. content for individual stories and or for a cohesive newscast. B roll is the supplemental or alternate footage intercut with the main shot in an interview or documentary. Andy Merlis in an email message to the author October 21 2013. Cathy Lewis in an email message to the author October 31 2013. Revolutionizing the Television Newsroom by Nicole Chadwick 19. is on surrealist painter Magritte I had to obtain all the rights so we can post the story to the web which has in. turn gotten over 1600 Facebook recommends lots of tweets etc Miao and other producers at the network. level believe the rights issue must be resolved in order for their shows to truly succeed online 25. On both levels information is no longer held for on air broadcasts first When information is received. Revolutionizing the Newsroom How Online and Mobile Technolog ies Ha ve Changed Broadcast Journalism Nicole Chadwick Broadcast Journalism Elon University Abstract This study interviewed journalists across the United States in 2013 to find out how online and mobile technolog ies have changed television journalism in the past decade and what new technolog ies and trends they

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