Responsive Design for Web Applications RIT

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Credit Matt Griffin,What is the Problem,Mobile web access is ubiquitous. We know that one interface design does not fit all. screens for optimal user interaction, So why not make designs flexible to dynamically match. the screen environment,The solution is responsive web design. Other names fluid design elastic layout rubber layout liquid design. adaptive layout cross device design flexible design. Responsive design not always the best solution,Some designs may have device dependencies e g GPS. Web App vs Native App,Develop once lower support costs.
Cross device platform support,Dependent on a network connection. May be functional limitations,Native app,More expensive to develop and support. Not portable,Better performance,Use local hardware. App store distribution,Hybrid app Native app accesses website data. Responsive Web Design, Create a single website that works effectively on the.
desktop as well as mobile devices, Mobile browsing users may have different needs from. desktop users,Responsive web sites reorganize themselves. automatically according to the device viewing them. Desktops laptops get the full experience video images animation. Smartphones get a simplified experience that works quickly app like. Tablets something in between,Responsive Web Design. Truly responsive design methodology is more than,altering the layout based on viewport size. Invert the process of web design,Design for the smallest viewport first.
Progressively enhance the design and content for larger viewports. Versus starting with the desktop and scaling down, Can you find an example site with responsive design. http socialdriver com 2015 05 28 25 best responsive web design 2015. Viewport is display area versus physical screen size. Responsive Design Example,iPad Desktop browser, http www andthewinnerisnt com Check out the CSS File look for media. Responsive Web Design Guidelines, Group similar devices by screen size to establish target. size breakpoints for design,Don target specific devices and models. Optimize the UX automatically adjust to screen,viewport size and orientation.
Responsive Web Design Guidelines cont, Adaptive layouts e g large menu bar on the desktop. dropdown menu on smartphone,Customize the amount and type of content larger. screens can support more text and other media types. Adapt websites for accessibility,Fluid Grids,Proportional versus fixed table based layouts. Scale the layout to match the screen dimensions,Determine the scaling factor for each layout. Pick a reference screen context resolution e g 960. Measure the dimensions of each element in that,Compute the percent of layout required for each.
element the scaling factor,Apply the scaling factor when displaying the. element in each screen context,Design Techniques,The use of CSS3 and HTML5 encoding is recommended. Stick to standard markup, Gotcha cross browser compatibility and or obsolescence. Graceful degradation design for modern browsers but assure a. useful experience on older browsers, Progressive enhancement start with standard markup for all. browsers and enhance the experience for more capable browsers. recommended, Modernizr open source JavaScript library that feature tests a browser s capabilities.
Polyfill downloadable code that provides capabilities missing from the native browser e g. HTML5 features,Cascading Style Sheet CSS Media Types. Specify how a document is to be presented on different media. e g screen vs print,Unique properties to a media type. Shared properties with different values per media type e g font size. The media rule,Specifies target media type, All following style sheet rules apply to that media type. media print,body font size 10pt,media screen,body font size 13px. media screen print, body line height 1 2 http www w3 org TR CSS2 media html at media rule.
CSS Media Types,CSS3 media query query screen as media type with. screen properties such as size and resolution, Substitute different layout commands or a tailored CSS file if those. screen properties supported,Scale to match device screen resolution and size. Transform screen layout e g number of columns of content. Adjust object size such as for links Fitt s Law, Adjust typography e g font size line width and length. CSS Media Query Example,Media rule What happens,CSS Media Queries for Popular Form Factors.
Smartphones,Portrait and Landscape,media only screen and min device width 320px and. max device width 480px,media only screen and min width 321px. media only screen and max width 320px,Tablets Surfaces iPads. Portrait and landscape,media only screen and min device width 768px and. max device width 1024px,media only screen and min device width 768px and.
max device width 1024px and orientation landscape,media only screen and min device width 768px and. max device width 1024px and orientation portrait,Desktops laptops larger screens. media only screen and min width 1224px,Large screen. Responsive Web Design Truly responsive design methodology is more than altering the layout based on viewport size Invert the process of web design Design for the smallest viewport first Progressively enhance the design and content for larger viewports Versus starting with the desktop and scaling down

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