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South Asian Partition Fiction in English,Publications Series. General Editor,Paul van der Velde,Publications Officer. Martina van den Haak,Editorial Board, Prasenjit Duara University of Chicago Carol Gluck Columbia University. Christophe Jaffrelot Centre d E tudes et de Recherches Internationales Sciences. po Victor T King University of Hull Yuri Sadoi Meijo University A B. Shamsul Institute of Occidental Studies Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Henk Schulte Nordholt Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Car. ibbean Studies Wim Boot Leiden University, The IIAS Publications Series consists of Monographs and Edited Volumes The. Series publishes results of research projects conducted at the International Insti. tute for Asian Studies Furthermore the aim of the Series is to promote interdis. ciplinary studies on Asia and comparative research on Asia and Europe. The International Institute for Asian Studies IIAS is a postdoctoral research centre. based in Leiden and Amsterdam the Netherlands Its objective is to encourage. the interdisciplinary and comparative study of Asia and to promote national and. international cooperation The institute focuses on the humanities and social. sciences and where relevant on their interaction with other sciences It stimu. lates scholarship on Asia and is instrumental in forging research networks. among Asia scholars worldwide, IIAS acts as an international mediator bringing various parties together working.
as a clearinghouse of knowledge and information This entails activities such as. providing information services hosting academic organisations dealing with Asia. constructing international networks and setting up international cooperative pro. jects and research programmes In this way IIAS functions as a window on Eur. ope for non European scholars and contributes to the cultural rapprochement be. tween Asia and Europe,For further information please visit www iias nl. South Asian Partition Fiction in,From Khushwant Singh to. Amitav Ghosh,Rituparna Roy,Publications Series,Monographs 4. Cover illustration Gargyee Bhattacharya Roy,Cover design Maedium Utrecht. Layout The DocWorkers Almere,ISBN 978 90 8964 245 5.
e ISBN 978 90 4851 283 6,NUR 692 617,IIAS Amsterdam University Press Amsterdam 2010. All rights reserved Without limiting the rights under copyright re. served above no part of this book may be reproduced stored in or in. troduced into a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any. means electronic mechanical photocopying recording or otherwise. without the written permission of both the copyright owners and the. editors and authors of the book,To my parents,Prof Birendra Narayan Roy Prof Kalpana Roy. the only gift I can give,Acknowledgements 9,Introduction 13. Theories of partition why when ironies 13,Historiography of the Partition 18. Representation in literature 20, The IE Novel Gandhian whirlwind partition preoccupation.
Punjab bias 21,The six novels studied in this book 24. Novels not selected for study 28,Filling up a lacuna 29. 1 Partition The Holocaust 33,Iconic status of Train to Pakistan 33. Symbolic significance of trains 35,The five events of the narrative 37. Flaws Jugga and Singh s redeeming vision 44,Manohar Malgonkar s A Bend in the Ganges 47.
Malgonkar s fascination with history 48,Double hero pluralistic method 49. The Hindu Muslim question 50,Revolutionary terrorism vs non violence 53. The failure of both ideologies 61,2 Women during the Partition Victim and agent 63. The Pakistani version of the partition 64,The Partition in Bapsi Sidhwa s novels 66. Ayah s Circle Ice candy man and Ayah s abduction 67. Gurdaspur and Lahore 72,Recovery and rehabilitation Hamida and Ayah 74.
Lenny s awakening consciousness 78,Agency to women 79. Anita Desai s Clear Light of Day 80,Desai stereotyped 80. Critics on the novel 81,Clear Light of Day as a Partition novel 82. 8 SOUTH ASIAN PARTITION FICTION IN ENGLISH,Bim enabled 87. Desai s revisioning of the traditional Partition narrative 87. 3 The making of a nation Religion or language 89,Midnight s Children A watershed 89.
Two aspects of the novel s representation of history. usually missed 91,Freedom at midnight The moment of birth 92. Bombay Karachi Dhaka 98,1971 Bangladesh Liberation War 101. Rushdie and Ghosh 108,4 Imagined communities Questioning the border 111. Proust and the anti Sikh riots 111,Midnight s Children and The Shadow Lines 112. Four ways to read the novel 112,Of borders and lost histories 113.
The Shadow Lines and the aftermath of the Partition 114. Why Tribib got killed in Jindabahar Lane 118, Meaninglessness of borders colonial and post colonial. perspectives of the nation 122,Imagined communities 124. Warring critics and an author in denial 126,Ghosh s real antecedents 128. Conclusion 131, Three factors determining the thrust of the narratives 132. Interflows of images motifs 135,Glossary 139,Bibliography 163.
Acknowledgements, I was greatly fascinated by the story of India s struggle for indepen. dence in secondary school and cheerfully devoured entire sections of. the History syllabus for my exams Much later I learnt that what I so. loved reading at school was the nationalist narrative of modern Indian. history and that it told an incomplete story History gave me all the. facts about Independence at school but it was at university that litera. ture introduced me to the Partition, The original idea for this work came while I was doing my post grad. uate studies at Calcutta University 1995 97 in English Literature with. a specialization in Indian Writing in English That is when it struck me. how many of the most significant Indian English novels dealt with the. theme of partition and how differently Hence when I landed a doc. toral fellowship soon after I knew exactly what to work on. This work from the nascent idea of the original thesis to the fin. ished manuscript of the monograph based on it has spanned an en. tire decade and became associated with all the landmarks of my perso. nal and professional life It also went places starting from Calcutta it. travelled with me briefly to Bangalore and Chennai and finally leaving. India s shores ended its tortuously long bumpy jerky and singularly. unpredictable journey in Amsterdam, Along the way my debts have accumulated both to individuals and. institutions, I would first like to thank my supervisor Dr Esha Dey who not only. oversaw my work over a long period of time but as a teacher at Calcutta. University was instrumental in kindling my interest in this literature in. the first place, Calcutta University deserves special thanks for being my host institu.
tion throughout the period of my research In particular I would like to. acknowledge the debt I owe to my teachers at the Department of Eng. lish Prof Krishna Sen Prof Jharna Sanyal Prof Tapati Gupta and. Prof Dipendu Chakraborty who went far beyond the call of duty to. help me and facilitate matters at various phases of this work. I started my PhD with a student fellowship JRF Junior Research. Fellowship and completed it with a Teacher Fellowship under the Fa. culty Improvement Program FIP of the Xth Plan both granted by. 10 SOUTH ASIAN PARTITION FICTION IN ENGLISH, the University Grants Commission UGC of India Without these fel. lowships it would not have been possible for me to sustain my re. For this I owe a special debt of gratitude to Basantidevi College. Kolkata for sanctioning the two year leave In this regard I would espe. cially like to thank the then principal Dr Bijoy Lakshmi Mukherjee for. her kindness and my colleagues in the English Department the then. Head Dr Sreemati Mukherjee Dr Ralla Guha Niyogi and Malobika. Sarkar for their love and generosity They actively supported and en. couraged me even when given the realities of college teaching in Cal. cutta my absence made their own work more difficult I would also like. to thank my first HOD Kalyani Ghosh for her continuing wise counsel. and concern even after retirement, Apart from the university that I studied at and the college I taught at. I would also like to thank the Shakespeare Society of Eastern India. SSEI for giving me several presentation and publication opportunities. which helped me a lot at a crucial phase of my work. It is however to a foreign institution to which I am most indebted. for the publication of this thesis the International Institute for Asian. Studies IIAS at Leiden To IIAS and its post doctoral fellowship I owe. a new lease of life I can never thank the institute enough for its open. ness generosity and kindness towards me in a most difficult period of. My special thanks to the staff of IIAS and the editorial team at AUP. particularly to its ex director Prof Max Sparreboom for awarding me. a much needed fellowship to deputy director Manon Osseweijer for. being not just a good administrator but more valuably a friend to the. Managing Editor of the IIAS Newsletter Anna Yeadell for boosting my. confidence in writing and most importantly to Paul van der Velde for. his early interest in my work and his prompt acceptance of my proposal. The IIAS Fellowship itself would not have been possible without the. crucial recommendation of Prof Peter Liebregts kindest of souls to. whom I owe a deep debt of gratitude for considerably easing my abrupt. academic transition from India to Holland, Other individuals whom I would like to thank include Dr Dhurjati. prosad De for the help he has extended to me throughout in his capa. city as the Secretary Faculty Council for Post Graduate Studies in Arts. Commerce Calcutta University the late Prof Shanti Ram Chatterjee. beloved tutor much missed for always giving me hope Dr Nandini. Bhattacharya for crucial opinions advice at important moments Prof. Subhas Ranjan Chakraborty for helping me understand certain knotty. problems of Indian nationalist history better Prof Theo Damsteegt. for being the very first person to give me personal feedback on my. submitted thesis and my friends and fellow travellers on the PhD. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 11, highway Sanmita Ghosh for insisting in 1998 that I apply for JRF. Paromita Mukherjee for those unfailing ISD calls over a decade and. Swaty Mitra for goading me with her never say die attitude And a spe. cial vote of thanks is due to Gargyee Bhattacharya Roy bosom pal for. designing just the book cover I wanted, This monograph could not have taken shape without the active sup.
port and sustained intervention of Prof Subir Kumar Dhar mentor. friend and guardian angel without wings I want to take this opportu. nity to thank him for showing me the way when I was lost in the wild. erness and for always being there for me ever after. My research like any other scholar s would not have been possible. without access to good libraries In Calcutta I am especially indebted to. the CU Central Library the National Library and the Ramkrishna Mis. sion Library and in the Netherlands to the Library of the Kern Institute. Apart from libraries a few bookshops have been invaluable in the. course of my research I would like to mention Seagull Bhawanipur. and particularly Amitava Deb s Indiana Bookshop College Street in. Calcutta and the American Book Centre Amsterdam and Boekhandel. Veenstra Amstelveen in the Netherlands, My deepest debts for this entire period are however to my family I. formally started my research and got married in the same week and. quite inevitably each has had a bearing on the other I wish to thank. my in laws for their love and affection and for always wishing me well. Special thanks are due to my sister for her impossible confidence in. me and for always reminding me that I can, But the three persons who in their own ways have lived this thesis. with me are my parents and my husband My relationship with my par. ents goes much beyond the filial they have been my teachers my. friends and my chief source of sustenance increasingly over the last. few years I want to thank them for their utter selflessness their un. conditional love and unwavering faith in me, Above all I want to thank my husband for his love and patience. and his unstinting support and encouragement over the years I am. very grateful to him for sharing this long journey with me. Introduction, Undivided India which freed itself from the colonial yoke and the. event of the Partition of the subcontinent are inextricably bound to. gether Thus no post colonial denizen of the subcontinent possessing a. sense of history and living in the post independence era can ignore the. pervasive influence and impact of the Partition on contemporary life. Undoubtedly the most important determining factor in India Pakistan. and Bangladesh s destiny the Partition is much more than a historical. fact however for it has served and continues to serve as a compelling. literary theme that has engendered a substantial body of fiction on the. subcontinent fiction that is startling in terms of its diversity of focus. style and treatment, This book will attempt to study a wide cross section of Partition no.
vels spanning three and a half decades of the literature written in Eng. lish on the subcontinent novels written between the mid 1950s and late. 1980s The aim of this study will be to explore the variety of this body. facts about Independence at school but it was at university that litera ture introduced me to the Partition The original idea for this work came while I was doing my post grad uate studies at Calcutta University 1995 97 in English Literature with a specialization in Indian Writing in English That is when it struck me how many of the most significant Indian English novels dealt with the

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