PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides PAN

Pan International List Of Highly Hazardous Pesticides Pan-PDF Download

  • Date:07 Feb 2020
  • Views:92
  • Downloads:2
  • Pages:38
  • Size:1.11 MB

Share Pdf : Pan International List Of Highly Hazardous Pesticides Pan

Download and Preview : Pan International List Of Highly Hazardous Pesticides Pan


Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Pan International List Of Highly Hazardous Pesticides Pan


Transcription:

PAN International List of,Highly Hazardous Pesticides. PAN List of HHPs,Pesticide Action Network International. PAN International, c o PAN Germany Nernstweg 32 22765 Hamburg Germany. This PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides was. initially drafted by PAN Germany for PAN International The 1 version. was adopted by PAN International 2008 and published January 2009. Since then the list has been updated several times as classifications. changed for numerous individual pesticides In 2013 2014 the PAN. International Working Group on HHP criteria revised the criteria used. in this list to identify highly hazardous pesticides This June 2015. version of the list is based on the new list of hazard criteria. adopted by PAN International in June 2014,Background and introduction 4. About this List 8,What is new in this List 10,Work in progress 11.
PAN International Indicators for Identifying Highly Hazardous Pesticides 12. Explanatory notes and comments regarding the classification systems lists. and indicators being used by PAN to identify Highly Hazardous Pesticides 13. Method applied to identify highly hazardous pesticides 17. Evolution of the PAN List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides 18. Explanatory notes regarding the table of active ingredients 20. The table of active ingredients 22, PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides 06 2015 3. Background and introduction, For decades the distribution and use of hazardous pesticides has been an issue of concern. Since its founding in 1982 Pesticide Action Network PAN has been the civil society. organization most steadily and continuously calling for effective international action on the. elimination of hazardous pesticides PAN has been one of the key driving forces among non. governmental organisations NGOs for improving pesticide and crop protection policies. towards safer socially just environmentally sustainable and economically viable pest. management systems, 1980s the first international Code of Conduct on pesticides. In 1985 the International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides was. adopted by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation FAO to respond to the. growing evidence of risks and harm associated with the use of pesticides The first version of. the Code of Conduct already indirectly questioned the effectiveness of the safe use of. pesticides concept as an overall approach to solving pesticide related problems the Code. Article 5 2 3 stated that industry should halt sale and recall products when handling or use. pose an unacceptable risk under any use directions or restrictions Since the 1980s a. number of international instruments and guidelines have been adopted1 to tackle pesticide. related problems Additionally many public and private initiatives have been implemented to. reduce the adverse effects of pesticide use in agriculture However in general these. initiatives have been successful only to a limited extent and the safe use training approach. to highly hazardous pesticides has been questioned increasingly by NGOs scientists. governmental representatives UN agencies and the private sector. 2000s a new paradigm emerges on reducing hazards as well as risks. Meanwhile numerous initiatives in food forestry and flower production and distribution chains. have developed their own prohibited or restricted lists for specific pesticides In November. 2009 the European Union abandoned its former paradigm based on assessment of pesticide. risks only with its new pesticide authorisation Regulation 1107 2009 EC 2 which emphasises. the need to take intrinsic hazards into account Accordingly Reg 1107 2009 stipulates that. pesticide substances active ingredients proven to be carcinogenic mutagenic toxic for. reproduction and endocrine disruptors shall not be authorised in the EU. In November 2006 the FAO Council discussed and endorsed SAICM the Strategic Approach. to International Chemicals Management In view of the broad range of activities envisaged. within SAICM the Council suggested that the activities of FAO could include risk reduction. including the progressive ban on highly hazardous pesticides promoting good. agricultural practices ensuring environmentally sound disposal of stock piles of obsolete. pesticides and capacity building in establishing national and regional laboratories The term. E g the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and. Pesticides in International Trade http www pic int the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. http www pops int and the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management http www saicm org. EC 2009 Regulation EC No 1107 2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009. concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79 117 EEC. and 91 414 EEC Official Journal of the European Union L 309 24 11 2009. 4 PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides 06 2015. progressive ban refers to national or regional regulatory banning over time of different. pesticides identified as highly hazardous and or voluntary step by step phase out of their. use by individual food and fibre companies private standards or others. In April 2007 the FAO Council informed the Committee on Agriculture COAG 3 of its intention. to develop a new initiative for pesticide risk reduction COAG welcomed the initiative to. reduce risks associated with the use of hazardous pesticides including the progressive ban. on highly hazardous pesticides 4, 2007 FAO and WHO launch the Highly Hazardous Pesticide initiative. In October 2007 the FAO WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticide Management JMPM discussed. the so called thought starter paper Addressing Highly Toxic Pesticides HTPs with a note. from the Secretariat explaining Through this thought starter FAO wishes to start its work on. highly hazardous pesticides This thought starter builds on the information document. provided to COAG on pesticide risk reduction As a first step this paper focuses on options. for defining highly hazardous pesticides Based on this thought starter the JMPM outlined. criteria to identify highly hazardous pesticides HHPs In addition the JMPM recommended. that FAO and WHO as a first step should prepare a list of HHPs based on the criteria. identified and update it periodically in cooperation with UNEP It further requested that. such a list should be made widely known to all stakeholders involved in pesticide. regulation and management 5, Also in 2007 the JMPM developed the following criteria for highly hazardous pesticides.
Pesticide formulations that meet the criteria of classes Ia or Ib of the WHO Recommended. Classification of Pesticides by Hazard or, Pesticide active ingredients and their formulations that meet the criteria of carcinogenicity. Categories 1A and 1B of the Globally Harmonized System on Classification and Labelling. of Chemicals GHS or, Pesticide active ingredients and their formulations that meet the criteria of mutagenicity. Categories 1A and 1B of the Globally Harmonized System on Classification and Labelling. of Chemicals GHS or, Pesticide active ingredients and their formulations that meet the criteria of reproductive. toxicity Categories 1A and 1B of the Globally Harmonized System on Classification and. Labelling of Chemicals GHS or, Pesticide active ingredients listed by the Stockholm Convention in its Annexes A and B. and those meeting all the criteria in paragraph 1 of Annex D of the Convention or. Pesticide active ingredients and formulations listed by the Rotterdam Convention in its. Annex III or, The FAO Committee on Agriculture COAG conducts periodic reviews and appraisals of agricultural and.
nutritional problems in order to propose concerted action by Member Nations and the Organization It also. reviews the agriculture and food and nutrition work programmes of the Organization and their implementation. with emphasis on the integration of all social technical economic institutional and structural aspects in promoting. agricultural and rural development Its functions are enumerated in Rule XXXII of the General Rules of the. Organization Membership must be renewed formally each biennium. The Report of the Twentieth Session of the Committee on Agriculture Rome 25 28 April 2007 CL 132 9 is. available at http www fao org unfao bodies coag coag20 index en htm. The minutes of the panel of experts meeting October 2007 are available at. http www fao org agriculture crops core themes theme pests code panelcode en. PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides 06 2015 5. Pesticides listed under the Montreal Protocol or, Pesticide active ingredients and formulations that have shown a high incidence of severe. or irreversible adverse effects on human health or the environment 6. 2009 PAN International publishes its first PAN List of HHPs. PAN International strongly welcomed the decisions made by the FAO Council the COAG. and the JMPM PAN was of the opinion however that the list of HHP criteria agreed by the. JMPM had some important shortcomings in particular it is important to note that pesticides. with endocrine disrupting properties eco toxicological properties or inhalation toxicity have. not been taken into account by the JMPM, Because of these shortcomings PAN International decided to independently develop a. definition of HHPs with a more comprehensive set of hazard criteria used by recognised. authorities such as the EU and the US Environmental Protection Agency EPA and to. develop a list of HHP pesticide active ingredients based on these selected criteria. Meanwhile international pressure to curb the use of HHPs has continued to increase In. September 2012 at the third International Conference on Chemicals Management in Nairobi. over 60 countries and other participating organisations called for the Conference to support. the development of a list of HHPs a progressive ban of HHPs and their substitution with. safer alternatives No decision was taken as the item was not on the formal agenda. however intercessional regional SAICM meetings discussed proposals for action on highly. hazardous pesticides leading up to the Open Ended Working Group in late 2014 and the. fourth International Conference on Chemicals Management in 2015 7. 2013 Stakeholder action grows on addressing HHPs, In 2013 the updated and renamed International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management. was released It was originally intended to contain an annex with the JMPM criteria for HHPs. However it was decided instead to develop a separate guidance document Guidelines on. Highly Hazardous Pesticides The purpose of the guidance document is to provide a. framework and practical methods for identifying HHPs along with methods for their control. The definition of HHPs in the new Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management adopted by. FAO and WHO in 2013 is, Highly Hazardous Pesticides means pesticides that are acknowledged to present. particularly high levels of acute or chronic hazards to health or environment according. to internationally accepted classification systems such as WHO or GHS or their listing. in relevant binding international agreements or conventions In addition pesticides that. appear to cause severe or irreversible harm to health or the environment under. conditions of use in a country may be considered to be and treated as highly. The minutes of the panel of experts meeting October 2007 are available at. http www fao org agriculture crops core themes theme pests code panelcode en. PAN and IPEN 2013 Thought starter paper on Highly Hazardous Pesticides and the Strategic Approach to. International Chemicals Management submitted by PAN and IPEN SAICM RM LAC 4 INF 9 4th Latin American. and Caribbean regional meeting on the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management SAICM and. related consultations Mexico City 19 to 22 August 2013. 6 PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides 06 2015. The Code also contains a definition of the term hazard. Hazard means the inherent property of a substance agent or situation having the. potential to cause undesirable consequences e g properties that can cause adverse. effects or damage to health the environment or property. In order to implement a progressive ban of HHPs as supported by the FAO Council the. COAG the JMPM and others all stakeholders mentioned in the International Code of. Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides should develop plans of action for a. progressive ban of HHPs These stakeholders include governments the pesticide industry. the food industry farmers and farmer organisations and public interest groups. This active stakeholder participation is especially important as there are currently no legal. instruments available to achieve a structured and clearly targeted global progressive ban of. HHPs other than the Stockholm Convention for Persistent Organic Pollutants POPs which. focuses only on a very small group of HHPs, The PAN International List of HHPs provides a basis for action to implement the progressive.
ban of highly hazardous pesticides and replace them with safer agro ecological and other. appropriate non chemical alternatives PAN would like to encourage individuals institutions. organisations and companies to develop a plan of action with priorities timeframes and. Official Journal of the European Union L 309 24 11 2009 PAN International List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides 06 2015 5 progressive ban refers to national or regional regulatory banning over time of different

Related Books