Off road Driving R Land Rover LR3 Tips amp Info

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Off road Driving,Gear selection Accelerating, Setting the selector lever set at D the gearbox Use the accelerator with care any sudden. automatically provides the correct gear for the surge of power may induce wheel spin and. appropriate gear range selected HIGH or therefore invoke unnecessary operation of. LOW For greater vehicle control through gear traction control or in extreme conditions could. selection manual CommandShift mode is lead to loss of control of the vehicle. recommended,Survey the ground before driving,HIGH range gears should be used whenever. Before negotiating difficult terrain it is wise to. possible only change to LOW range when,carry out a preliminary survey on foot This will. ground conditions become very difficult,minimise the risk of your vehicle getting into. Braking difficulty through a previously unnoticed,As far as possible vehicle speed should be hazard.
controlled through correct gear selection and Caution Do not attempt to drive the vehicle. the use of Hill Descent Control HDC continuously at angles greater than 35o nose. Application of the brake pedal should be kept to up or down It is acceptable to drive up or. a minimum In fact if the correct gear and HDC down at angles between 35o and 45o but only. have been selected braking will be largely temporarily. unnecessary Failure to follow these instructions will result. If the brake pedal is depressed when HDC is in damage to the engine. active HDC is overridden and the brakes will,perform as normal If the brake pedal is then. released HDC will recommence operating at,reduced speed as long as there is wheel. Use of engine for braking,Before descending steep slopes stop the. vehicle at least its length before the descent,engage LOW range and then select HDC Use of. manual CommandShift gear selection to limit,the transmission to lower gears will also.
increase engine braking Select 1 or 2 LOW,range depending on the severity of the. While descending a slope either forwards or in,R reverse it should be remembered that. HDC and the engine will aim to provide,sufficient braking effort to control the rate of. descent and that the brakes should not,normally need to be applied. Off road Driving,Steering Electronic air suspension.
Select Off road height to increase,approach departure angles and ground. clearance see AIR SUSPENSION 193,Loss of traction,If the vehicle is immobilised due to loss of. wheel grip the following hints could be of,Remove obstacles rather than forcing the. vehicle to cross them,Clear clogged tire treads,Reverse as far as possible then attempt an. increased speed approach additional,momentum may overcome the obstacle.
Brushwood sacking or any similar material,placed in front of the tires may improve tire. H5643L grip,CD Autochanger,Playing CDs while negotiating arduous off road. DO NOT hold the steering wheel with your,terrain is not recommended Severe jolting of. thumbs inside the rim a sudden Kick of the,the vehicle may disturb the operation of the. wheel as the vehicle negotiates a rut or,autochanger causing the disc to jump or.
boulder could seriously injure them ALWAYS,grip the wheel on the outside of the rim as. shown when traversing uneven ground,Ground clearance. Don t forget to allow for ground clearance,beneath the vehicle suspension components. and under the front and rear bumpers Note,also that there are other parts of the vehicle. which may come into contact with the ground,take care not to ground the vehicle.
Ground clearance is particularly important at,the bottom of steep slopes or where wheel ruts. are unusually deep and where sudden changes,in the slope of the ground are experienced. ALWAYS attempt to avoid obstacles that may,foul the vehicle. Off road Driving, AFTER DRIVING OFF ROAD If the vehicle is used regularly in arduous. Before rejoining the public highway or driving conditions wading deep mud abrasive grit. at speeds above 40 km h 24 mph slurry etc the following checks should be. consideration should be given to the following made. Wheels and tires must be cleaned of mud Inspect clean and adjust the park brake. and inspected for damage after 80 km 50 miles, If wheels and tires are not cleaned properly Inspect the park brake pads for wear every.
damage to the wheels tires braking 1500 km 1000 miles or 100 hours. system and suspension components could Check the road wheel speed sensors brake. occur pads and callipers for abrasive wear every, Brake discs and calipers should be 1500 km 1000 miles. examined and any stones or grit removed The air suspension compressor inlet filter will. that may affect braking or parkbrake need to be replaced more often. efficiency If you have any doubts about the condition of. Inspect the drive belts and pulleys at the any of the above items consult your Land. front of the engine for damage Rover Retailer, The underside of the vehicle should be Servicing Requirements. checked for damage especially the Vehicles operated in arduous conditions. suspension air springs dampers and particularly on dusty muddy or wet terrain and. drive shaft boots vehicles undergoing frequent or deep wading. If a full size spare wheel has been stowed conditions will require more frequent servicing. in the loadspace area it should be Contact a Land Rover Retailer for advice. repositioned in its original location under After wading in salt water or driving on sandy. the vehicle see CHANGING A WHEEL 280 beaches use a hose to wash the underbody. Any damage to paint or protective coatings components and any exposed body panels with. should be rectified by a Land Rover Retailer fresh water This will help to protect the. as soon as possible vehicle s cosmetic appearance and prevent. If you have any doubt whether the vehicle has impairment of park brake efficiency. been damaged have the vehicle inspected by a,Land Rover Retailer. Off road Driving Techniques,Off road Driving Techniques. BEFORE YOU DRIVE Stopping on a soft or sloping surface. Before venturing off road it is absolutely If you do stop the vehicle remember. essential that inexperienced drivers become In vehicles fitted with Terrain Response. fully familiar with the vehicle s controls in engage the Sand special program and. particular the transfer gear switch ensure that the gearshift is in D. CommandShift Hill Descent Control HDC and In CommandShift automatic select the. the Terrain Response system and also study highest practical gear. the off road driving techniques described on, this and the following pages To avoid wheelspin use the MINIMUM.
throttle necessary to get the vehicle,Driving on Soft Surfaces Soft Sand moving. The ideal technique for driving on soft surfaces Starting on an incline or in soft ground or. dry sand for example requires the vehicle to sand may be difficult Always park on a firm. be kept moving at all times soft sand causes level area or with the vehicle facing. excessive drag on the wheels resulting in a downhill. rapid loss of motion once driving momentum is,If forward motion is lost avoid excessive. lost For this reason gear changing should be,use of the throttle this may dig the vehicle. into the sand Clear sand from around the, For vehicles without Terrain Response it is tires and ensure that the vehicle underside. generally advisable to deactivate DSC see is not bearing on the sand before again. DYNAMIC STABILITY CONTROL DSC 188 attempting to move. then select the highest practical gear using,If the wheels have sunk use an air bag.
CommandShift to reduce the risk of wheelspin,lifting device to raise the vehicle and then. and remain in that gear until a firm surface is,build up sand under the tires so that the. reached It is generally advisable to use LOW,vehicle is again on level ground If a restart. range as this will enable you to accelerate,is still not possible place sand mats or. through worsening conditions without the risk,ladders beneath the tires.
of being unable to restart, On vehicles fitted with a Terrain Response Driving on Slippery Surfaces. system use the appropriate Special Program Drive away using the MINIMUM throttle. Land Rover recommend that DSC is operational possible. in all normal driving conditions In some In CommandShift automatic select the. conditions to maximise traction it may be highest practical gear. beneficial to deactivate DSC see DYNAMIC,Use the appropriate Special Program on. STABILITY CONTROL DSC 188,vehicles fitted with a Terrain Response. Drive slowly at all times keeping braking to,a minimum and avoiding violent. movements of the steering wheel,Off road Driving Techniques.
Driving on Rough Tracks If the vehicle is unable to complete the climb. Although rough tracks can sometimes be do not attempt to turn it around while on the. negotiated in HIGH range on very rough tracks slope Instead adopt the following procedure to. engage LOW range to enable a steady low reverse downhill to the foot of the slope. speed to be maintained without constant use of 1 Hold the vehicle stationary using the foot. the brake pedal brake, Use the appropriate Special Program on 2 Select N neutral and restart the engine if. vehicles fitted with a Terrain Response necessary,system 3 Select LOW range if not already selected. Climbing Steep Slopes then select R reverse, ALWAYS follow the fall line of the slope 4 Slowly release the foot brake and allow the. travelling diagonally could encourage the vehicle to reverse down the slope using. vehicle to slide broadside down the slope engine braking and HDC to control the rate. Caution Do not attempt to drive the vehicle of descent. continuously at angles greater than 35o nose 5 Unless it is necessary to stop the vehicle in. up or down It is acceptable to drive up or order to negotiate obstructions DO NOT. down at angles between 35o and 45o but only touch the brake pedal during the descent. temporarily 6 If the vehicle begins to slide the limits of. On vehicles fitted with Terrain Response adhesion have been reached and it may be. use an appropriate special program impossible to maintain the minimum. depending upon the type of surface speed Gently press the accelerator pedal. Steep climbs will usually require LOW gear to allow the tires to regain grip then gently. range and the highest practical gear release the accelerator pedal. selected with CommandShift in automatic,If a Terrain Response special program has. been selected then the transmission can,be left in D.
Select HDC if not already selected in case,there is a need to reverse down the slope. Use sufficient speed in the highest practical,gear to take advantage of the vehicle s. momentum However too high a speed,over a bumpy surface may result in a wheel. lifting causing the vehicle to lose traction,and stability In this case try a slower. Traction can also be improved by easing off,the accelerator just before loss of forward.
Off road Driving Techniques, Descending Steep Slopes If the vehicle begins to slide the limits of. adhesion have been reached and it may be,impossible to maintain the minimum. speed Gently press the accelerator pedal,to allow the tires to regain grip then gently. release the accelerator pedal,Once level ground is reached higher gears. or D can be selected as required,Caution Do not attempt to drive the vehicle.
continuously at angles greater than 35o nose,up or down It is acceptable to drive up or. down at angles between 35o and 45o but only,temporarily. Failure to follow these instructions may result,in personal injury due to a vehicle rollover. Bring the vehicle to a stop at least one,vehicle s length before the start of the. On vehicles fitted with Terrain Response,use an appropriate special program.
depending upon the type of surface,Select either 1 or 2 CommandShift. depending on the severity of the slope If a,Terrain Response special program has. been selected then the transmission can,be left in D If the slope is slippery. CommandShift 1 or 2 should be,considered,Ensure that HDC is selected and drive. forward as slowly as possible,Unless it is necessary to stop the vehicle in.
order to negotiate obstructions DO NOT,touch the brake pedal during the descent. the engine braking and HDC will limit the,Off road Driving Techniques. Traversing a Slope Negotiating a V Shaped Gully,Observe extreme caution Steering up either of. the gully walls could cause the side of the,vehicle to be trapped against the opposite gully. Driving in Existing Wheel Tracks,As far as possible allow the vehicle to steer.
itself along the bottom of the ruts and always,keep a light hold of the steering wheel to. prevent it from spinning free Deactivation of,DSC may help in deep ruts. H5646G Particularly in wet conditions if the steering. wheel is allowed to spin free the vehicle may, WARNING appear to be driving straight ahead in the ruts. but in actual fact due to the lack of traction,Failure to follow these instructions may result. caused by the wet ground is unknowingly on,in personal injury due to a vehicle rollover.
full right or left lock Then when level ground is,reached or if a dry patch of ground is. Before crossing a slope ALWAYS observe the,encountered the wheels will find traction and. Safety Tips Always wear a seat belt for personal protection in all driving situations Keep all windows closed during off road driving to prevent ingress of dirt and water and to prevent tree branches from injuring occupants DO NOT drive if the fuel level is low undulating ground and stee p inclines could cause fuel starvation to the engine and consequent damage to the catalytic

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