nona qurdovaniZe xaTuna yviralaSvili irakli svaniZe ana

Nona Qurdovanize Xatuna Yviralasvili Irakli Svanize Ana-PDF Download

  • Date:09 May 2020
  • Views:21
  • Downloads:0
  • Pages:23
  • Size:1.13 MB

Share Pdf : Nona Qurdovanize Xatuna Yviralasvili Irakli Svanize Ana

Download and Preview : Nona Qurdovanize Xatuna Yviralasvili Irakli Svanize Ana


Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Nona Qurdovanize Xatuna Yviralasvili Irakli Svanize Ana


Transcription:

kvlevis avtori nona qurdovaniZe,redaqtori xaTuna yviralaSvili. teq redaqtori irakli svaniZe,gamocemaze pasuxismgebeli ana nacvliSvili. aiwyo da dakabadonda,saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciaSi. j kaxiZis q 15 Tbilisi 0102 saqarTvelo,995 32 295 23 53 293 61 01. veb gverdi www gyla ge,el fosta gyla gyla ge, akrZalulia aq moyvanili masalebis gadabeWdva gamravleba an gavrceleba komerciuli mizniT.
asociaciis werilobiTi nebarTvis gareSe,2017 saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociacia. Sesavali 4,meTodologia 4,ZiriTadi mignebebi 4,1 Sekrebis uflebis arsi 6. 2 arsebuli praqtikis mokle mimoxilva 7, 2 1 mSvidobiani Sekrebis uflebis darRvevis SemTxvevebi 7. 2 2 sityvieri SeniSvnis gamoyenebis praqtika 9,3 wvrilmani xulignoba. administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsis 166 e muxli 10. 3 1 Sesavali 10,3 2 Seswavlili saqme 10,3 3 Sefaseba 11.
4 policiis kanonieri moTxovnisadmi daumorCilebloba. administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsis 173 e muxli 12. 4 1 Sesavali 12,4 2 Seswavlili saqmeebi 12,4 3 Sefaseba 13. 4 4 kargi praqtika 15, 5 Sekrebis an manifestaciis organizebisa da Catarebis wesis darRveva. administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsis 1741 e muxli 16. 5 1 Sesavali 16,5 2 Seswavlili saqme 16,5 3 Sefaseba 17. 6 TviTmmarTveli erTeulis iersaxis damaxinjeba, administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsis 150 e muxli 17. 6 1 Sesavali 17,6 2 Seswavlili saqmeebi 18,6 3 Sefaseba 18.
7 administraciuli dakavebis gamoyenebis praqtika 20. 7 1 Sesavali 20, 7 2 rodis uSvebs kanoni administraciuli wesiT piris dakavebis SesaZleblobas 20. 7 3 dakavebis gasaCivrebis meqanizmebi 21,Semajamebeli daskvna da rekomendaciebi 22. saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociacia daarsebis dRidan qveyanaSi mSvidobiani Sekre. bis uflebisa da gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis dasacavad sxvadasxva formas mimarTavs maT Sorisaa. erovnul sasamarTloebSi mSvidobiani Sekrebis dros dakavebul pirTa uflebebis dacva. winamdebare angariSi mimoixilavs 2015 2016 wlebSi mSvidobiani Sekrebis uflebiTa da gamoxatvis. TavisuflebiT mosargeble pirebis mimarT warmoebuli administraciuli samarTaldarRvevis saq. meebs angariSi saias Tbilisisa da regionuli ofisebis warmoebaSi arsebul 9 epizods aerTianebs da. 38 piris administraciuli samarTaldarRvevis saqmes moicavs angariSSi aseve warmodgenilia erTi. saqme rogorc warmatebuli magaliTi rodesac Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlom aqciis monawile. Ta mSvidobiani Sekrebis uflebis darRveva daadgina da demonstrantebs misca SesaZlebloba pro. testi gamoexataT maT mier SerCeul adgilas da formiT. angariSis mizania Seswavlili saqmeebis analizis safuZvelze gamokveTos kanonmdeblobis Sina. gan saqmeTa saministrosa da sasamarTlos saqmianobis xarvezebi romlebic xels uSlis mSvidobi. ani Sekrebis uflebis realizebas gamovlenili naklovanebebis gaanalizeba da masze dayrdnobiT. SemuSavebuli rekomendaciebis Sesruleba mniSvnelovnad Seuwyobs xels qveyanaSi mSvidobiani. Sekrebis uflebiT sargeblobas, miuxedavad imisa rom angariSi ar moicavs yvela im saqmes romlebzec 2015 2016 wlebSi mSvidobiani. Sekrebis uflebasTan kavSirSi administraciuli warmoeba ganxorcielda vfiqrobT warmodgeni. li saqmeebis analizi gamovlenili xarvezebis ganzogadebis SesaZleblobas mainc iZleva da naTlad. warmoaCens mTel rig problemebs rogorc kanonmdeblobis aseve policielTa moqmedebebisa da sa. samarTlos mier am tipis saqmeebze miRebuli gadawyvetilebebis TvalsazrisiT. meTodologia, angariSze muSaobisas moxda 2015 2016 wlebSi saias warmoebaSi arsebuli mSvidobiani Sekrebisa da. gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis uflebebTan kavSirSi arsebuli samarTaldarRvevis saqmeebis identifi. cireba da sasamarTlos mier miRebuli gadawyvetilebebis analizi. damatebiTi informaciis mopovebis mizniT saiam Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlodan saqarTvelos. Sinagan saqmeTa saministrodan da q Tbilisis municipalitetis sakrebulodan gamoiTxova sajaro. informacia da ganaxorciela misi analizi garda amisa calkeul faqtebTan dakavSirebiT moZiebu. li iyo mediasaSualebebSi gavrcelebuli informacia, angariSis miznebisTvis moxda aseve kanonmdeblobisa da relevanturi saerTaSoriso praqtikis.
gaanalizeba,ZiriTadi mignebebi, angariSis farglebSi Seswavlilma saqmeebma aseve relevanturi kanonmdeblobisa da sajaro in. formaciis analizma gamoavlina Semdegi problemebi, saqarTvelos kanonmdebloba ZiriTadad Seicavs mSvidobiani Sekrebis uflebiT sargeblobi. saTvis Sesabamis garantiebs Tumca praqtikaSi Sekrebis uflebis darRvevis faqtebi xSiria. Sinagan saqmeTa saministros mier Sekrebebisa da manifestaciebis monawile pirebis mimarT. ganxorcielebuli qmedebebi erovnuli sasamarTloebis mxridan saTanado kontrolisa da. samarTlebrivi Sefasebis miRma rCeba, samarTaldarRvevis saqmeebze romlebic kavSirSia Sekrebisa da gamoxatvis Tavisufle. basTan arc policia da arc sasamarTlo ar xelmZRvanelobs am uflebebis dacvis saerTaSo. risod damkvidrebuli standartebiT ar fasdeba uflebaSi Careva iyo Tu ara kanoniT gaT. valiswinebuli Carevis gasamarTleblad arsebobda Tu ara legitimuri mizani da amgvari. Careva iyo Tu ara aucilebeli da proporciuli, Sekrebebis mimdinareobisas da masTan kavSirSi aqciis calkeuli monawileebis mimarT ad. ministraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli meqanizmebis gamoyenebis. praqtika aCens eWvebs rom Sinagan saqmeTa saministro sakuTar saqmianobaSi ar icavs poli. tikuri neitralitetis princips, policiis mier mcirericxovani aqciis monawileebis nawilis mimarT kanonTan Seusabamo sa.
fuZvliT gatarebuli zomebi faqtobrivad aqciis mTlianad Sewyvetas ganapirobebs da aqci. is sxva monawileebis Sekrebis TavisuflebaSic iWreba. wvrilmani xulignobis definiciis ganmartebisas sasamarTlo administraciuli gadacdomis. farglebs Zalian farTod sityvisa da gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis uflebis sawinaaRmdegod. ganmartavs qmedeba wvrilman xulignobad fasdeba maSinac rodesac piris mizans ar war. moadgens konkretuli piris pirTa jgufis Tu sazogadoebisaTvis Seuracxyofis miyeneba da. ar arsebobs sapasuxo reaqciis myisieri safrTxe, Sinagan saqmeTa saministros warmomadgenlebi iseve rogorc sasamarTlo Sekrebis gamarT. vis adgilis SezRudvas saTanado dasabuTebis gareSe miiCneven kanonierad maSin rodesac. saerTaSoriso standartebiT Sekrebis adgili SeiZleba gamoxatvis mniSvnelovani komponen. sasamarTlo samarTaldarRvevis dadasturebas axdens ise rom ar amowmebs policielis mo. qmedebis kanonierebas an Tu amowmebs Semowmeba atarebs mxolod formalur xasiaTs aseT. SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo Semoifargleba mxolod imis dadgeniT aqvs Tu ara policias konk. retuli moqmedebis ganxorcielebis ufleba zogadad da ar msjelobs konkretul SemTx. vevaSi policia ramdenad sworad iyenebs kanoniT miniWebul uflebas sasamarTlos mier. gamoyenebuli es standarti saxifaToa da zrdis policielTa TviTneburi moqmedebebis. policielis moqmedebis kanonierebis Sesamowmeblad calke sasarCelo wesiT dava praqtiku. ladac usargebloa da ar emsaxureba kanonis miznebs sanam sasamarTlo policiis moqmedeb. is kanonierebas calke sasarCelo warmoebis wesiT swavlobs administraciul pasuxisgebaSi. micemuli piri ukve samarTaldamrRvevad iqneba cnobili im moTxovnis daumorCileblobis. safuZvelze romlis kanoniereba ar aris Semowmebuli sasamarTlos mier SemoTavazebuli. es modeli qmnis SesaZleblobas piri cnobili iyos samarTaldamrRvevad da daekisros san. qcia maT Soris administraciuli patimroba iTvlebodes saxdeldadebulad rac pasux. ismgeblobis damamZimebel garemoebas warmoadgens im moTxovnis daumorCileblobis gamo. romlis kanoniereba jer kidev ar aris dadasturebuli. arc policia da arc sasamarTlo ar msjelobs Sekrebisa da gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis uz. runvelsayofad sakuTrebis uflebis SezRudvis SesaZleblobaze. norma romelic Senobebis blokirebasTan dakavSirebiT akrZalvas adgens praqtikaSi mS. vidobiani Sekrebis uflebis sawinaaRmdegod ganimarteba Sesasvlelebis blokirebaSi. moiazreba iseTi SemTxvevebic rodesac amgvar qmedebas dawesebulebis funqcionirebis Se. ferxeba ar gamouwvevia, administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsis 150 e muxli da misi praqtikaSi gamovle. nili interpretaciebi policiis xelSi arsebul mniSvnelovan represiul meqanizms war. moadgens rac policias xelisuflebisaTvis arasasurveli Sinaarsis gamoxatvis formebis. iersaxis damaxinjebad Sefasebis da aqtivistebis dasjis SesaZleblobas aZlevs yovel. dRiuri sareklamo tipis gancxadebebisgan gansxvavebiT politikuri Tu socialuri Sinaar. sis warwerebis banerebis romelic mimarTulia xelisuflebis qmedebebisa da politikis. kritikisaken sajaro sivrceSi ganTavseba policiis mier TviTmmarTveli erTeulis iersax. is damaxinjebis motiviT myisierad aRikveTeba, sasamarTlo ar msjelobs iersaxis damaxinjebis rogorc gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis konk. retul formebze da mis Tavsebadobaze konstituciiT garantirebul uflebasTan Seswav. lili dadgenilebebiT ar ikveTeba ra mtkicebulebebs eyrdnoba sasamarTlo rodesac ama. Tu im adgils ar miiCnevs plakatebis warwerebis banerebis ganTavsebis adgilad da Sesabam. isad bundovani rCeba ra miiCneva aseT adgilad, rogorc policia aseve sasamarTlo 150 e muxlis Zalian farTo interpretacias mimarTavs. iersaxis damaxinjebad iTvleba magaliTad baneris plakatis ganTavseba rogorc kritikis. adresatisaTvis konkretuli Setyobinebis gadacemis forma rodesac igi atarebs droebiT. xasiaTs da misi moxsna sirTulesTan maT Soris arc finansurTan ar aris dakavSirebuli. 150 e muxlis farglebSi administraciuli organos mimdebare teritoriis ganmarteba. praqtikaSi kvlavac problemuria, policia ar ganmartavs dakavebis konkretul safuZvlebs zogjer adgili aqvs dakavebis.
maqsimaluri vadis gamoyenebas yovelgvari dasabuTebis gareSe im SemTxvevebSi rodesac. policiam dakaveba samarTaldarRvevis oqmis Sedgenis aucileblobiT gaamarTla dakavebis. xangrZlivoba gagrZelda imaze meti droiT vidre samarTaldarRvevis oqmis SedgenisaTvis. iqneboda sakmarisi, policia dakavebas iyenebs maSinac rodesac kanoni amas saerTod ar iTvaliswinebs kerZod. saqarTvelos administraciul samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsis 150 e muxlTan mimarTebiT ad. ministraciuli dakavebis gamoyeneba kanoniT ar aris daSvebuli Tumca praqtikaSi policia. dakavebis meqanizms mainc mimarTavs, dakavebis gasaCivrebis procedurebi problemuria dRes arsebuli regulaciebiT samarT. aldarRvevis saqmis ganxilva kanoniT dadgenil SemWidroebul vadebSi xdeba xolo dakave. bis kanonierebis Semowmeba samarTaldarRvevis saqmisgan damoukideblad calke warmoebad. SeiZleba mimdinareobdes rac araefeqturia dakavebul pirs ar ganemarteba dakavebis gasa. Civrebis ufleba da vadebi, samarTaldarRvevis saqmeebis ganxilvisas sasamarTlo sityvier SeniSvnas iyenebs im SemTx. vevebSic rodesac ar dasturdeba samarTaldarRvevis Cadenis faqti amgvari praqtika sa. varaudod nakarnaxevia imiT rom calkeuli mosamarTleebi eridebian samarTaldamcavi or. ganoebis poziciis sawinaaRmdego gadawyvetilebis miRebas da maT mier samarTaldarRvevad. miCneul faqtebs TviTonac samarTaldarRvevad afaseben bolo wlebSi gamovlenili es ax. ali tendencia warmoadgens im maxinji praqtikis erTgvar gagrZelebas rodesac piris sa. marTaldamrRvevad cnobis mizniT policielTa mier micemuli axsna ganmartebebi mosamar. TlisTvis erTaderT sarwmuno mtkicebulebad iTvleboda. 1 Sekrebis uflebis arsi, Sekrebisa da manifestaciis ufleba adamianis erT erTi fundamenturi uflebaa romlis dacva. da realizeba umniSvnelovanesia demokratiul saxelmwifoSi es ufleba sityvisa da gamoxatvis. uflebis msgavsad icavs pirovnebis uflebas gamoxatos Tavisi Sexedulebebi da poziciebi da iyos. daculi saxelmwifosa Tu mesame pirebis ukanono TviTneburi da an araproporciuli Carevisgan. Sekreba da manifestacia aseve politikuri saqmianobis ganuyofeli nawilia rogorc arCevnebidan. arCevnebamde ise winasaarCevno periodSi Tu saarCevno process Tan axlavs mSvidobiani Sekrebis. uflebis mniSvnelovani SezRudvebi SeiZleba kiTxvis niSnis qveS dadges mTlianad arCevnebis Sede. gebis samarTlianoba 1, Sekrebis Tavisuflebas ori Tanabrad mniSvnelovani aspeqti aqvs Sekreba da manifestacia rogorc.
azris gamoxatvis forma da konkretuli azri romelsac Sekreba an manifestacia emsaxureba 2. mSvidobiani Sekrebis ufleba gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis msgavsad aRiarebulia rogorc saqarT. velos konstituciiTa da kanonebiT aseve saerTaSoriso samarTliT erovnuli kanonmdeblobiT. Sekrebisa da manifestaciis Tavisufleba garantirebulia saqarTvelos konstituciiT 25 e muxli. da saqarTvelos kanoniT Sekrebebisa da manifestaciebis Sesaxeb mSvidobiani Sekrebisa da mani. festaciis uflebasTan dakavSirebuli garkveuli regulaciebi aseve asaxulia administraciul. samarTaldarRvevaTa kodeqsSi da policiis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kanonSi 2015 wlis bolos saqa. rTvelos Sinagan saqmeTa ministris brZanebiT aseve damtkicda Sekrebebisa da manifestaciebis. dros saqarTvelos Sinagan saqmeTa saministros mosamsaxureTa qcevis saxelmZRvanelo instruq. cia 3 romelic Sekrebisa da manifestaciis dros sazogadoebrivi usafrTxoebisa da marTlwesri. gis dacvas isaxavs miznad, erovnuli kanonmdeblobis daxvewas mniSvnelovnad Seuwyo xeli saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sa. samarTlos mier miRebulma gadawyvetilebebma romlebic safuZvlad daedo kanonmdeblobaSi cvl. ilebebis Setanas 4 Tumca kvlav rCeba mniSvnelovani sakiTxebi maT Soris spontanuri Sekrebis. uflebasTan dakavSirebiT rac kanonmdeblobaSi Sesabamisi cvlilebebis saWiroebas ganapirobebs 5. mSvidobiani Sekrebisa da gaerTianebis Tavisuflebis uflebis Sesaxeb gaeros specialurma momx. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association A 68 299 7 August 2013 http www ohchr. org Documents Issues FAssociation A 68 299 en pdf,2011 18 N2 482 483 487 502. 2015 30 1002,2011 18 N2 482 483 487 502,2012 14 1 5 525. FINAL OPINION ON THE AMENDMENTS TO THE LAW ON ASSEMBLY AND MANIFE. 7 2 rodis uSvebs kanoni administraciuli wesiT piris dakavebis SesaZleblobas 20 7 3 dakavebis gasaCivrebis meqanizmebi 21 Semajamebeli daskvna da rekomendaciebi 22 4 Sesavali saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociacia daarsebis dRidan qveyanaSi mSvidobiani Sekre bis uflebisa da gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis dasacavad sxvadasxva formas mimarTavs maT Sorisaa erovnul sasamarTloebSi

Related Books