New York Berry News Cornell University

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BELTSVILLE FRUIT LAB TARGETED FOR CLOSURE, ue to budget constraints the Beltsville Fruit Lab has been targeted for closure Please read the following letter from. John Hartung the research leader at the Fruit Lab in which he describes the current situation. The Presidents budget was announced on February 6 The budget proposal for the Agricultural Research Service. contained therein had an overall reduction of 11 This figure included the elimination of many earmark funds from. previous years as well as the elimination of 16 current base funded projects spread around the nation Among the base. funded projects slated for elimination was the entire small fruit program at Beltsville MD ARS officials assure me that the. decision had nothing to do with the quality of the research performed by the Fruit Laboratory or the importance of the. mission It seems likely that the list of laboratories targeted for elimination was driven more by the budget cap proposed. by the President than by priorities for agricultural research. This is the first step in the annual federal budget cycle and the Congress will ultimately decide the fate of the Fruit. Laboratory between now and October 1 The Fruit Laboratory has many programs and talented scientists dedicated to the. improvement of the small fruit industry in the United States Programs include. 1 Breeding programs emphasizing cultivar and germplasm development of blueberries strawberries and brambles. adapted to the eastern United States These varieties have high levels of disease resistance flavor and horticultural. characteristics that make them ideal for the industry Ground breaking cultivars include Blakemore strawberry. 1929 which helped develop the shipped strawberry industry Surecrop strawberry 1956 which helped save. the strawberry industry from red stele Earliglow strawberry the worlds gold standard for flavor the first. thornless blackberry cultivars in 1966 and Chester Thornless blackberry 1985 currently grown on 85 of the. eastern US blackberry acres, 2 Advanced molecular genetic technologies are being used to accelerate the applied breeding programs These. include marker assisted selection for traits of horticultural value such as disease resistance winter and spring. frost tolerance and repeat blooming genome wide mapping and sequencing of blueberry strawberry blackberry. and raspberry transformation and regeneration technologies Molecular markers from the mapping research. have been used by public and private sector researchers in several countries for cultivar identification and genetic. 3 Research programs focusing on important diseases of strawberries blueberries and cranberries have always been. a focus of the research program Emphasis is on the identification of resistant germplasm for the production of. finished varieties that can be profitably produced with a minimum of pesticides Diseases include anthracnose. fruit rot of strawberry and blueberry angular leaf spot of strawberry root rots of strawberry stem canker of. blueberry and several viral diseases of strawberry and blueberry. 4 Physiological and molecular research on the basis of cold tolerance and winter hardiness are a focus of research on. blueberry with a goal to increase the range and yield of highbush blueberry cultivars. 5 Physiological and molecular research on the basis of high temperature stress is another focus of research on. strawberry Researchers seek to understand the role that temperature plays in reducing fruit set during summer. months This effort complements a long term goal of the breeding program to expand the harvest season for the. eastern strawberry industry to include a major portion of the year by developing repeat blooming cultivars. 6 Research focusing on the nutrient composition of berry fruits and the specific roles of nutrients found in berry. fruit in healthful living have become a focus of the laboratory in recent years This program enjoys extensive. collaborations in the biomedical community and has recently demonstrated a protective effect of blueberries. against a form of cancer in laboratory and animal studies. Nearly all the strawberry breeding programs in the US can trace their origins both in management and germplasm to our. Fruit Laboratory At nearly 100 years old the Beltsville strawberry breeding program is the oldest continuously running. crop breeding program and the oldest continuously running strawberry breeding program in the country Our strawberry. germplasm is used by breeders all around the world for superior disease resistance and flavor Our blackberry germplasm. is used as a source of thornlessness cold hardiness berry quality flavor and high yield Although the current strawberry. breeding program is restricted to adapting cultivars to the eastern U S cultivars and germplasm produced by the program. are used in breeding programs in California and in the Pacific west Canada and Europe as sources of disease resistance. and superior flavor The Fruit Laboratory has recently released the first strawberry germplasm with resistance to bacterial. angular leaf spot This disease is of great importance in the upper Midwest Canada and California with potential in all. strawberry producing regions The germplasm has been incorporated into commercial varieties by Driscoll s Berry. The blueberry breeding program is based in Chatsworth NJ in close association with the industry that it serves Although. located in New Jersey the blueberry breeding program is also national in scope and impact This program benefits by its. New York Berry News Vol 5 No 2 2 Tree Fruit Berry Pathology NYSAES. location at a facility operated and staffed by scientists from Rutgers University Blueberry varieties developed by the. USDA ARS Fruit Laboratory have been and continue to be the industry standards. The laboratory based research programs in the Fruit Laboratory are excellent Researchers in the Fruit Laboratory have. received three significant research grants in the past year from the USDA National Research Initiative The success rate. nationally for this grant program is about 8 This demonstrates the high quality of research in progress at the Fruit. Laboratory Scientists in the Fruit Laboratory are among a very small group of scientists carrying out molecular genetic. research on small fruits, If the Fruit Laboratory is closed all of this will be lost and the berry industry in the U S will lose their most essential. technological asset mission driven and focused research on berry fruits This would come at a time when the public more. than ever desires the availability of fresh berry fruit year round because of recent findings that berries are among the. most nutrient dense and health promoting foods The void left by our program cannot by filled by existing programs at the. University of Maryland Cornell University the University of North Carolina at a time of declining funding for university. plant breeding programs nation wide The industry simply will not survive in the long or even medium term without. continuous support from vigorous and focused research programs. What is to be done If funding to the laboratory is to be restored the stakeholder community must make their. representatives in the House and Senate aware of the importance of the laboratory Organizations of berry producers. nurserymen retailers and university collaborators must initiate a letter writing campaign from their membership to their. respective Congressional Representatives It would be particularly beneficial to focus on members of the subcommittees. on appropriations for agriculture as well as the full appropriations committees in both the house and the Senate Personal. visits and telephone calls to the politicians would of course be very helpful as well when possible In addition to. demanding that funding for the Fruit Laboratory be restored why not ask for an additional one million dollars annually to. replace research programs in the Fruit Laboratory that had to be closed in 2006 due to lack of funds. This matter must be handled quickly since the agriculture committees appropriations hearings begin in March E mails. are preferred over letters since letters are subject to a very long delay for anthrax screening My staff and I will be. available to provide information to anyone as needed on this matter However the law requires that we do this sort of thing. on our own time and never at work So to begin contact me at johnhartung comcast net and 410 531 1985 home or. 240 461 1329 Cell,John S Hartung,HOW YOU CAN HELP TO KEEP THE BARC FRUIT LAB OPEN. T he following is a message from John Maas the NASGA research chair on how you can help in the fight to keep the. fruit lab open, Unfortunately the USDA Fruit Laboratory Beltsville Maryland is not included in the 2008 Federal Budget This means.
that without your help the Fruit Lab will cease to exist as will its satellite blueberry research station in Chattsworth New. Small fruit growers and nurserymen have greatly benefited from the research and varieties developed by the USDA Fruit. Lab over the years Strawberry thornless blackberry raspberry and blueberry varieties from the Beltsville campus and. from its satellite station in Chattsworth have expanded economic opportunities for fruit producers and nurserymen. nationwide It is now your turn to help the Fruit Lab. The Federal Budget is scheduled to be voted on by Congress in March There is not much time to lobby for the Fruit Lab. We at NASGA and the NASG Research Foundation implore you to contact your U S Congressmen as quickly as possible. Individual input of growers and nurserymen is essential for positive results Congressmen pay more attention to voter. needs than to organization letterhead appeals, What you can do is to succinctly write about how the small fruit research and or variety development from the Fruit. Laboratory has benefited you economically local adaptation and or customer preferences and introduction of disease. resistant varieties has enabled small fruit fruit production possible where previously not profitable due to disease Come. to the point quickly in your messages remembering that it is often staffers inexperienced with agriculture that actually. read constituent mail and then summarize it for their Congressman. New York Berry News Vol 5 No 2 3 Tree Fruit Berry Pathology NYSAES. The following Congressmen should also be included on your contact list. Representative Stenny Hoyer Representative from the 5th Congressional District in Maryland and Democratic Whip. Mail Representative Stenny Hoyer House Democratic Whip H 306 Capitol Building Washington D C 20515 Phone. 202 225 3130 FAX 202 225 4300, Email from Hoyer s web site at http hoyer house gov contact index asp. The 5th Congressional District in Maryland is where the Fruit Lab is located in the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. Hoyer in the past has been very supportive of the Center and I believe would be sensitive to and supportive of keeping the. Fruit Lab and the Phytonutrients Lab in the 08 budget. Senator Robert C Byrd Appropriations Committee, Senator Robert C Byrd 300 Virginia St East Suite 2630 Charlston WV 25301 or. Senator Robert C Byrd 311 Hart Building Washington D C 20510. FAX Charleston WV office 3043437144,Email on ByrdsWeb page. http byrd senate gov issues byrd contact byrd contact html. willowsend earthlink net,NEW TREE FRUIT AND BERRY CROPS PRODUCTION.
GUIDELINES PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE,APPROACH TO PEST MANAGEMENT. THACA N Y February 13 2006 Cornell Cooperative Extension has released the latest edition of its Tree Fruit. Guidelines and its Berry Crops Guidelines both of which encourage an integrated approach to pest management. balancing cultural pest control methods with judicious use of chemicals. The 2006 edition of the Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Tree Fruit Production is now protected by a new. laminated cover to resist water damage and stains and continues the product improvement trend set by most of the other. Cornell University Guidelines titles, This 247 page spiral bound document promotes the use of Integrated Crop and Pest Management IPM and. demonstrates the possibilities for organic tree fruit production IPM is a pest control strategy that promotes the use of a. variety of tactics including pest resistant cultivars and biological cultural and physical controls Though chemical pest. control is a valid tactic as well pesticides are used preferably only in combination with and only when other approaches. alone become inadequate An IPM approach requires a combination of long and short term production strategies to. maximize net profit while minimizing risks of undesirable environmental impacts of practices Applying multiple control. tactics minimizes the chance that pests will adapt to any one tactic and allows growers to choose the most. environmentally sound efficacious and economically efficient pest management program. The first section in this guide introduces information about pesticides sprayer calibration and references to the efficacy. and use characteristics of 90 different crop protectants for diseases weeds insects and wildlife Information on. forecasting sampling and monitoring is included for selected pests. Next general pest management considerations are addressed for apples pears cherries peaches nectarines apricots. plums and prunes Pest biology cultural notes monitoring and forecasting biological and non chemical control pesticide. available 2005 small fruit production facts and figures from NASS a review of the 2005 small fruit growing season by Dena Fiacchino resources for developing a farm safety plan by Betsy Bihn and highlights from the berry sessions at the Empire Fruit and Vegetable Expo and finally updates to the Cornell online nursery guide

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