MISSIONS Mission Oriented Research amp Innovation in the

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Mission Oriented Research Innovation in the European Union. A problem solving approach to fuel innovation led growth. European Commission,Directorate General for Research and Innovation. Directorate A Policy Development and Coordination,Unit A 6 Open Data Policy and Science Cloud. Contact Phebe Dudek Ciara Phelan, E mail Phebe dudek ec europa eu Ciara Phelan ec europa eu. RTD PUBLICATIONS ec europa eu,European Commission,B 1049 Brussels. Manuscript completed in February 2018, The views expressed in this document reflect the opinion of the author and may not in any circumstances be regarded.
as stating an official position of the Commission, More information on the European Union is available on the internet http europa eu. Luxembourg Publications Office of the European Union 2018. Print ISBN 978 92 79 79918 1 doi 10 2777 36546 KI 02 18 079 EN C. PDF ISBN 978 92 79 79832 0 doi 10 2777 360325 KI 02 18 079 EN N. European Union 2018, Reuse is authorised provided the source is acknowledged The reuse policy of European Commission documents is. regulated by Decision 2011 833 EU OJ L 330 14 12 2011 p 39. For any use or reproduction of photos or other material that is not under the EU copyright permission must be. sought directly from the copyright holders, Image Anton Balazh 26526903 2018 Source Fotolia com. EUROPEAN COMMISSION,Mission Oriented,Research Innovation. in the European Union, A problem solving approach to fuel innovation led growth.
by Mariana MAZZUCATO, 2018 Directorate General for Research and Innovation. BY PROFESSOR,MARIANA MAZZUCATO, The European Commissioner for into concrete measurable and most. Research Science and Innovation Carlos importantly achievable missions. Moedas invited me to draft strategic, recommendations on mission oriented I look at what we can learn from the. research and innovation in the EU to guide missions of the past like the Apollo. the future European Union Framework Program and how to apply those lessons. Programme for Research and Innovation to the more complex challenges of today. A key lesson is that missions must be, To find a way to bring together the triple bold activating innovation across sectors. objectives of smart innovation led growth across actors and across disciplines They. inclusion and sustainability we must first must also enable bottom up solutions. answer the critical question of how to direct and experimentation I provide examples. innovation to solve the pressing global of what possible future missions at EU. challenges of our time level could look like I stress that these. examples do not presume to pre empt, Europe has been thinking about and what must be a participatory selection.
tackling such challenges for a long time process Rather they are intended to. including through Horizon 2020 In this trigger the imagination and ambition of. report I examine and explain how research participants in that process. and innovation can not only stimulate, growth and economic activity but how it I developed this report taking into. can also actively direct it towards meeting consideration the Interim Evaluation of. global challenges by transforming them Horizon 20201 the ESIR Memorandum2 the. European Commission 2018 Horizon 2020 Evaluation, Available at https ec europa eu research evaluations index cfm pg h2020evaluation Accessed 12 February 2018. European Commission 2018 AN ESIR MEMORANDUM Towards a mission oriented research and innovation policy in the European Union. Available at http europa eu hB37Cx Executive Summary available at http europa eu Fp36hh. RISE Perspective on Mission oriented R I Missions provide a massive opportunity. Policy3 and dedicated case study reports4 to increase the impact of European. research and innovation grasp the public, In the last months I have held a series imagination and make real progress on. of targeted discussions with relevant complex challenges I hope this report. stakeholder groups 5 I also had the will assist policy makers in designing and. opportunity to give a keynote speech implementing the European missions of. followed by a discussion to the the future as well as nurture a new belief. Competitiveness Council on the topic of amongst EU citizens about what real. mission oriented policy across Europe on collaboration across Europe can achieve. December 1 2017 based on my working I thank everyone who has contributed for. paper Mission oriented Innovation Policy their engagement and dedication which has. Challenges and Opportunities6 given me a palpable sense of how powerful. missions can be at bringing people together, All of these inputs have been invaluable around ambitious common goals. to me in developing a vision of what a, European mission oriented research and Professor Mariana Mazzucato.
innovation policy could look like and I have,tried to include in this report some of the. insights and feedback received, European Commission 2018 Mission oriented R I Policy A RISE Perspective Available at http europa eu uR68yR. European Commission 2018 Research Innovation and Science Policy Experts RISE. Available at https ec europa eu research openvision index cfm pg home mission Accessed 16 February 2018. See annex for details, Mazzucato M 2017 Mission oriented Innovation Policy Challenges and Opportunities UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose. IIPP Working Paper Series IIPP 2017 01 Available at https www ucl ac uk bartlett public purpose sites public purpose files. moip challenges and opportunities working paper 2017 1 pdf Accessed 12 February 2018. INTRODUCTION, WHY EUROPE NEEDS perception of future growth opportunities. MISSIONS Missions help define those opportunities in. ambitious ways,The ability of innovation to spur economic.
growth has long been recognised Less Mission oriented policies can be defined. recognised is the fact that innovation has as systemic public policies that draw on. not only a rate but also a direction By frontier knowledge to attain specific goals. harnessing the directionality of innovation or big science deployed to meet big. we also harness the power of research problems 7 Missions provide a solution an. and innovation to achieve wider social and opportunity and an approach to address. policy aims as well as economic goals the numerous challenges that people face. Therefore we can have innovation led in their daily lives Whether that be to have. growth that is also more sustainable and clean air to breathe in congested cities to. equitable live a healthy and independent life at all. ages to have access to digital technologies, Finding ways to steer economic growth that improve public services or to have. and the European policy agenda is difficult better and cheaper treatment of diseases. but necessary Missions are a powerful tool like cancer or obesity that continue to. to do this They can provide the means affect billions of people across the globe To. to focus our research innovation and engage research and innovation in meeting. investments on solving critical problems such challenges a clear direction must. while also spurring growth jobs and be given while also enabling bottom up. resulting in positive spillovers across many solutions The debate about directionality. sectors Critically by spearheading public should involve a wide array of stakeholders. research and innovation investments in new each contributing to the key questions. strategic areas that have the possibility What are the key challenges facing society. to bring together different actors public How can concrete missions help solve those. private and third sector and spurring challenges How can the missions be best. collaboration across different sectors designed to enable participation across. e g from transport to digital to nutrition different actors bottom up experimentation. it is possible to awaken private sector and system wide innovation. investment that continues to lag Indeed,what drives private investment is the. Ergas H 1987 Does technology policy matter in Guile B R and Brooks H eds Technology and global industry Companies and. nations in the world economy Washington DC National Academies Press pp 191 245. EUROPE S MISSION expertise that today lies mostly fragmented. POTENTIAL or untapped across Europe They are also,a way to harness the recognition that such. Societal challenges are complex More expertise is itself an outcome of investment. complex than going to the moon which and innovation. was mainly a technical feat To solve them, requires attention to the ways in which A mission driven approach can be critical. socio economic issues interact with politics for European competitiveness Other major. and technology to the need for smart players in the global economy like China or. regulation and to the critical feedback the United States have innovation systems. processes that take place across the entire that are more centralised or focused on a. innovation chain It also requires stronger reduced number of key clusters Europe on. civic engagement Importantly such the other hand is both more fragmented. challenges cannot be solved by any single which can be a negative in terms of. European country no matter how large it gaining scale and more diverse which. may be Only at the level of the European creates a messier but also potentially more. Union with its long experience of operating creative environment To capitalise on this. within a multilevel governance system can asset Europe needs to take the next step. we achieve the scale and diversity of talent and take advantage of its unique nature as. and ideas to make real progress a common market of diverse economies. In addition to strengthening regional, The sheer complexity and specialisation research and innovation capacities Europe.
of science today means that attitudes of also needs European Union wide efforts. openness and collaboration are not a nice to connect policies and grand challenges. complement but rather a critical factor for What the mission approach can add to the. success European Member States are at next European Framework Programme for. different levels of economic development Research and Innovation is a new lens to. with some having invested much less than help steer investment towards tackling. others in the key pillars of innovation challenges but in a more focussed problem. education and research Nevertheless in solving manner Europe s unique multilevel. every single country there are areas of governance system is highly suitable for. excellence and expertise that could prove to mission oriented policies member states. be the critical factor to solve the challenges and regions can experiment within larger. of today Missions are primarily a way to EU wide missions. orchestrate the rich diversity of talent and,THE MAN ON THE MOON MISSION. The Apollo Man on the Moon mission expressed by President John. F Kennedy in 1961 a was a geo political and technological mission. It set a clear and ambitious objective put a man on the moon and. bring him back safely There was also a concrete timeline get there. before the end of the decade 1960s, The Apollo mission required investments and innovation not just. in aerospace but also across multiple sectors food medicine. computation materials biology microbiology geology electronics. and communications Without new materials for example the. mission would not have worked It inspired children to dream about. becoming astronauts reinvigorating STEM subjects in schools required. researchers from various disciplines and sectors to cooperate to solve. problems in a bottom up manner stimulated new types of risk taking. in many different sub projects of which many of course failed. Apollo resulted in success when Neil Armstrong was the first man. to set his foot on the moon on 20 July 1969 but it also led to. many unexpected spinoffs that would not have emerged without this. massive engagement with a science and innovation led objective. Indeed many of these spinoffs such as the integrated circuit. would have arisen even if Armstrong had never set foot on the moon. The process of systemic cross disciplinary cross sectoral and cross. actor innovation that Apollo stimulated was every bit as important. as the mission itself, Apollo was inspirational and much can be learned about the importance. of setting clear goals while allowing bottom up experimentation to. contribute to the overall success but when we think of selecting EU. missions today it is necessary to frame missions with a clearer societal. relevance While a purely technological mission may be appropriate. for an innovation agency e g in the case of space this would. include NASA or ESA at the EU level we must be more ambitious. in making the link to societal impact For example it would be useful. to consider how innovation in space particularly in new satellites. and surveillance technology could be used to curtail the number of. deaths of immigrants crossing the Mediterranean This would require. collaboration between sectors as different as space security services. marine technology shipping and immigration services. European Commission 2018 Mission oriented R I policies Case Study Report Apollo Project US. Available at http europa eu Fj47uu, This is not about a box ticking exercise to frontier science to support for start ups. solve one problem after another This is and partnerships with industry This means. A problem solving approach to fuel innovation led growth by Mariana MAZZUCATO 2 The European Commissioner for Research Science and Innovation Carlos Moedas invited me to draft strategic recommendations on mission oriented research and innovation in the EU to guide the future European Union Framework Programme for Research and Innovation To find a way to bring together the triple

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