METHODOLOGY OF THE LITERATURE REVIEW

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Background Concepts embedded study Therefore essentially all studies. that contain a review of the literature however large. or small actually involve the conduct of two studies. The CLR A Data Collection Tool a study of the previous knowledge i e review of the. The word data refers to a body of information This literature and the primary research study conducted. body of information can be extracted from many sources by the researcher s with the literature review study. such as words numbers images hyperlinks audio and being embedded within the primary research study. video Therefore the information that the literature With this in mind as we stated in Chapter 1 research. reviewer collects to inform a literature review represents ers should no longer view the literature review as. data Thus it stands to reason that the literature review one step of the many steps that underlie a research. process can be viewed as a data collection tool that study rather the researcher should view the literature. is as a means of collecting a body of information per review as representing an embedded study. tinent to a topic of interest As a data collection tool. the literature review involves activities such as identi Considerations of Mixed. fying recording understanding meaning making and Research Techniques. transmitting information Indeed the literature review. process is actualized through data collection In its opti As you will see in the subsequent chapters in its opti. mal form the literature review represents a formal data mal form the literature review not only represents a. collection process wherein information is gathered in a study it also represents a mixed research study In. comprehensive way other words the CLR is facilitated by using mixed. research techniques that is by collecting and ana, lyzing both quantitative and qualitative information. The CLR as a Method within the same literature review Traditionally as. In the field of research the term method represents noted in Chapter 1 many textbook authors give the. the specific approaches and procedures that the impression that the literature review always varies. researcher systematically utilizes that are manifested with the type of primary study Myth 9 and that it. in the research design sampling design data collec involves not only just summarizing the extant lit. tion data analysis data interpretation and so forth erature Myth 6 but also merely summarizing the. The literature review represents a method because findings of previous related studies Such myths. the literature reviewer chooses from an array of falsely give the impression that only quantitative data. strategies and procedures for identifying recording should be summarized in quantitative research based. understanding meaning making and transmitting works and only qualitative data should be summa. information pertinent to a topic of interest Moreover rized in qualitative research based works As such a. as asserted by Onwuegbuzie Leech and Collins literature reviewer who summarizes only quantitative. 2011 conducting a literature review is equivalent research findings only will use quantitative data to. to conducting a research study with the information inform the literature review As discussed in Chapter 2. that the literature reviewer collects representing the a literature reviewer prescribing to this myth likely. data In fact as is the case for all studies the litera might conduct what Gene Glass 1976 coined a. ture review involves the following four phases that meta analysis wherein the literature reviewer com. we discussed in Chapter 1 namely conceptualiza bines quantitative findings from as many available. tion planning implementation and dissemination individual quantitative research studies as possible. As such when the literature review stands alone that address a set of related research hypotheses for. i e independent work then the literature review the purpose of integrating the results Conversely. represents a single research study that ends when a literature reviewer who summarizes only qualita. the literature review process ends In contrast when tive research findings only will use qualitative data. the goal of the literature review is to inform primary to inform the literature review For instance a liter. research then the literature review represents an ature reviewer belonging to this camp might conduct. Methodology of the Literature Review 49, 03 Onwuegbuzie BAB1506B0338 Ch 03 indd 49 1 18 2016 3 30 36 PM. what Sandelowski and Barroso 2006 refer to as a qualitative research studies that represent interpretive. meta synthesis whereby the literature reviewer inte syntheses of data addressing a set of related research. grates qualitative research findings from selected questions for the purpose of integrating the results. New Concepts, A literature review in its most comprehensive form includes a synthesis of quantitative findings stemming. from quantitative research studies and qualitative findings stemming from qualitative research studies. Synthesizing both quantitative and qualitative findings within the same literature review automatically. renders the literature review process as a mixed research study Onwuegbuzie Collins et al 2010. Using Multiple Sections of a Report information about the sample characteristics per. taining to each quantitative qualitative or mixed, The CLR as a mixed research study is enhanced by research study presented in the literature review. recognizing that meaning making can occur from any section of the source. aspect of a work e g research article book chapter conclusion section of each quantitative qualita. book including the title abstract literature review tive or mixed research study presented in the lit. section theoretical or conceptual framework purpose erature review section of the source and findings. statement s research question s hypotheses state in the results section of each qualitative study. ment of the educational significance method section presented in the literature review section. e g participants instruments procedure research, design analysis results section and discussion section Because of the array of quantitative and qualitative.
These sections contain quantitative and or qualitative data that are potentially inherent in each work every. information For example at the very least the follow literature review lends itself simultaneously to the. ing elements contain quantitative information analysis of quantitative and qualitative information. As such every literature review optimally involves. findings pertaining to each quantitative study using mixed research techniques Simply put then. presented in the literature review section of the the literature review represents a mixed research study. source A literature reviewer might use quantitative research. sample size s pertaining to one or more of the approaches to synthesize quantitative based works. studies and qualitative research approaches to synthesize. quantitative and or qualitative studies presented qualitative based works With regard to quantitative. in the literature review section of the source research techniques for instance a literature reviewer. findings in the results section of each quantitative might utilize correlational research techniques to. study selected for the literature review section examine across studies the relationship between the. size of the effect of a reading intervention on reading. Also the following elements of the research study achievement and the mean age of the students exposed. contain qualitative information to the intervention With respect to qualitative research. approaches for example a literature reviewer might. findings pertaining to each qualitative study pre utilize case study techniques for the collection of qual. sented in the literature review section of the source itative information wherein each source represents. the literature review section of each quantitative a case And adopting Stake s 2005 typology the. qualitative or mixed research study presented in literature review can be framed as an intrinsic case. the literature review section of the source study i e the literature review is designed to select. 50 Seven Steps to a Comprehensive Literature Review. 03 Onwuegbuzie BAB1506B0338 Ch 03 indd 50 1 18 2016 3 30 36 PM. sources of information that highlight particular cases a discipline or an inquiry also as a set of working. of interest e g illustrative case deviant case an methods or the study or theoretical analysis of such. instrumental case study i e the literature review is working methods p 858 Alternatively stated a. designed to examine a particular case for the main pur methodology is a broad approach to scientific inquiry. pose of providing insight into a phenomenon or issue that contains a system or set of practices methods. or to obtain a generalization or a collective multiple rules and principles within a given field e g social. case study i e the literature review is designed to and behavioral science or discipline e g sociology. examine multiple cases in an attempt to examine Some authors use methodology and methods inter. a phenomenon with the instrumental case study changeably yet these two concepts are very different. being the most common qualitative method that can In fact methods represent merely one component of. be mapped onto the literature review process methodology. In fact literature reviewers have at their disposal. many quantitative and qualitative research designs Methodology Conceptualized. which have been identified in Chapter 1 In any case In her seminal article Greene 2006 conceptualized. whatever combination of quantitative and qualitative that the development of a methodology for the study of. research approaches is used to conduct the literature human beings necessitates consideration of the follow. review it is clear that the CLR represents a mixed ing four inter related but conceptually distinct domains. research study Thus bearing in mind the 350 year a philosophical assumptions and stances b inquiry. history of formal literature reviews we are surprised logics c guidelines for research practice and d soci. that the literature review has not been framed as a opolitical commitments see also Greene 2008 The. mixed research study until recently In fact building first domain philosophical assumptions and stances. on the seminal work of Heyvaert et al 2011 similar refers to the core philosophical or epistemological. to the typologies presented in Chapter 2 of narrative beliefs associated with the methodology This domain. and systematic reviews we have identified only seven also includes beliefs regarding axiomatic elements. frameworks that apply the principles of mixed research including the following epistemology i e study. namely what a Whittemore and Knafl 2005 called of the nature and scope of knowledge pertaining to. integrative review b Gaber 2000 called meta needs issues such as the relationship between the knower and. assessment c Harden and Thomas 2010 called the known ontology i e nature of reality relating to. mixed methods synthesis d Sandelowski Voils issues such as single versus multiple constructed real. and Barroso 2006 called mixed research synthesis ities and subjectivity versus objectivity and axiology. e Pluye Gagnon Griffiths and Johnson Lafleur i e study of values pertaining to issues such as the. 2009 called mixed studies review f Pawson role of values in research Consequently the domain. Greenhalgh Harvey and Walshe 2005 called realist of philosophical assumptions and stances guides the. review and most recently g Onwuegbuzie Collins inquirer s gaze to look at particular things in particular. et al 2010 also called a mixed research synthesis ways and offers appropriate philosophical and theoret. ical justification for this way of seeing observing and. A Pathway to Knowledge interpreting Greene 2006 p 93. According to Greene 2006 inquiry logics the, Methodology second domain involve the identification of appro. One aspect that all cultures have shared throughout priate research goals research objectives research. time is a quest for knowledge An important pathway purposes and research questions appropriate sam. to knowledge is via a framework called methodology pling designs broad research designs and procedures. There are many ways of defining methodology For criteria of quality for inferences and standards for. example methodology can be defined as the branch of reporting findings In addition this domain involves. logic that deals with the principles of the formation of identifying logics of justification for each of these. knowledge American Heritage Dictionary 1993 research strategies with an overall logic connecting. p 858 or as a body of practices procedures and rules in all the research elements in a coherent way. Methodology of the Literature Review 51, 03 Onwuegbuzie BAB1506B0338 Ch 03 indd 51 1 18 2016 3 30 37 PM. The third domain guidelines for research prac The fourth domain sociopolitical commitments. tice provides specific research strategies Here the addresses whose interests should be served by the. philosophical assumptions and stances Domain 1 and particular research approach where the investigation. logics of inquiry Domain 2 are translated into specific is situated in society whether the study contributes to. research procedures Thus guidelines for research prac collective theoretical knowledge whether the inves. In fact as is the case for all studies the litera ture review involves the following four phases that we discussed in Chapter 1 namely conceptualiza tion planning implementation and dissemination As such when the literature review stands alone i e independent work then the literature review represents a single research study that ends when the literature review process ends In

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