Manual on Coordination between Air Traffic Services

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Manual on Coordination,between Air Traffic Services. Aeronautical Information,Services and Aeronautical. Meteorological Services,Approved by the Secretary General. and published under his authority,Sixth Edition 2014. International Civil Aviation Organization, Published in separate English French Russian and Spanish editions by the.
INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION, 999 University Street Montr al Quebec Canada H3C 5H7. For ordering information and for a complete listing of sales agents. and booksellers please go to the ICAO website at www icao int. Fourth edition 2008,Fifth edition 2010,Sixth edition 2014. Doc 9377 Manual on Coordination between, Air Traffic Services Aeronautical Information Services. and Aeronautical Meteorological Services,Order Number 9377. ISBN 978 92 9249 698 2, All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a.
retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior. permission in writing from the International Civil Aviation Organization. AMENDMENTS, Amendments are announced in the supplements to the Publications. Catalogue the Catalogue and its supplements are available on the ICAO. website at www icao int The space below is provided to keep a record of. such amendments,RECORD OF AMENDMENTS AND CORRIGENDA. AMENDMENTS CORRIGENDA,No Date Entered by No Date Entered by. TABLE OF CONTENTS,Glossary vii,Chapter 1 Introduction 1 1. Chapter 2 Air traffic and meteorological services organizations 2 1. 2 1 Units providing air traffic and search and rescue services 2 1. 2 2 Centres offices and stations providing meteorological information. to aeronautical users including ATS units and search and rescue services centres 2 2. 2 3 Links between ATS units RCCs RSCs and aerodrome meteorological offices. meteorological watch offices MWOs and aeronautical meteorological stations 2 5. Chapter 3 Meteorological information for ATS and search and rescue services units 3 1. 3 1 Introduction 3 1,3 2 Displays instruments in ATS units 3 1.
3 3 Information for TWRs and ATS units providing approach control service 3 2. 3 4 Information for ACCs or FICs 3 3, 3 5 Information for ATS units providing service for low level flights 3 6. 3 6 Information for air ground control radio stations VOLMET broadcasts and uplink. of OPMET data to aircraft in flight 3 8,3 7 Information for RCCs and RSCs 3 9. 3 8 Format of information 3 9,3 9 Emergencies 3 10. 3 10 Communication between ATS units and meteorological centres offices and stations 3 10. Chapter 4 Meteorological information received by ATS units from sources other. than the associated meteorological offices and stations 4 1. 4 1 Observing and reporting of meteorological information by ATS units 4 1. 4 2 Reports of aircraft observations received in ATS units 4 1. Chapter 5 Coordination between ATS units and meteorological offices and stations 5 1. 5 1 General 5 1, 5 2 Coordination between TWRs and APPs and their associated meteorological. offices and stations 5 4, 5 3 Coordination between ACCs FICs and the associated MWOs 5 6.
Chapter 6 Coordination between aeronautical information services and. aeronautical meteorological services 6 1, Manual on Coordination between Air Traffic Services. vi Aeronautical Information Services and Aeronautical Meteorological Services. Chapter 7 Meteorological support to the ATM system 7 1. 7 1 Introduction 7 1, 7 2 Overview of the MET information required under the ATM operational concept 7 1. 7 3 Meteorological support to international air navigation in accordance with. the Global Plan 7, Appendix 1 Standard radiotelephony phraseologies to be used in VOLMET. broadcasts A1 1, Appendix 2 Sample letter of agreement between the ATS and meteorological. authorities A2 1, Appendix 3 Information on the meteorological authority and meteorological.
services to be included in the aeronautical information publication AIP A3 1. Appendix 4 Procedures used in France to provide meteorological service to. ATS units A4 1, Appendix 5 Procedures used in the United States to provide meteorological. service to ATS units A5 1, ACARS Aircraft communication addressing and reporting system. ACC Area control centre or area control,ADS Automatic dependent surveillance. AFTN Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network,AIC Aeronautical information circular. AIP Aeronautical information publication, AIRAC Aeronautical information regulation and control.
AIREP Air report routine or special, AIRMET Information concerning en route weather phenomena which may affect the safety of low level. aircraft operations,AIS Aeronautical information services. AMBEX Africa Indian Ocean Region MET Bulletin Exchange Scheme. AMD Amend or amended used to indicate amended meteorological message message type. designator, AMDAR Aircraft meteorological data relay system WMO. APP Approach control unit, ASHTAM Special series NOTAM notifying by means of a specific format change in activity of a volcano a. volcanic eruption and or volcanic ash cloud that is of significance to aircraft operations. ATFM Air traffic flow management,ATFMC Air traffic flow management centre.
ATIS Automatic terminal information service,ATM Air traffic management. ATS Air traffic services,CB Cumulonimbus,CNS Communications navigation and surveillance. CPDLC Controller pilot data link communications,CTA Control area. D ATIS Data link automatic terminal information service. D FIS Data link flight information service,D VOLMET Data link VOLMET. Abbreviations not included in the Procedures for Air Navigation Services ICAO Abbreviations and Codes PANS ABC Doc 8400. Manual on Coordination between Air Traffic Services. viii Aeronautical Information Services and Aeronautical Meteorological Services. ECMWF European Centre for Medium Range Forecasts,FIC Flight information centre.
FIR Flight information region,FIS Flight information service. FL Flight level,GAMET Area forecast for low level flights. GRIB Processed meteorological data in the form of grid point values expressed in binary form. GTS Global telecommunication system WMO,HF High frequency 3 000 to 30 000 kHz. IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency,IAIP Integrated aeronautical information package. IAVW International airways volcano watch,MET Meteorological or meteorology.
METAR Aerodrome routine meteorological report in meteorological code. MET REPORT Local routine meteorological report in abbreviated plain language. MWO Meteorological watch office,NIL None or I have nothing to send to you. NM Nautical miles, NOTAM A notice distributed by means of telecommunication containing information concerning the. establishment condition or change in any aeronautical facility service procedure or hazard the. timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel concerned with flight operations. Abbreviations not included in the Procedures for Air Navigation Services ICAO Abbreviations and Codes PANS ABC Doc 8400. Glossary ix,OPMET Operational meteorological information. PANS ABC Procedures for Air Navigation Services ICAO Abbreviations and Codes PANS ABC. PANS ATM Procedures for Air Navigation Services Air Traffic Management PANS ATM Doc 4444. PIB Pre flight information bulletin, QFE Atmospheric pressure at aerodrome elevation or at runway threshold. QNH Altimeter sub scale setting to obtain elevation when on the ground. RCC Rescue coordination centre, ROBEX Regional OPMET Bulletin Exchange within the Middle East Asia and Pacific Regions.
RODEX Regional OPMET Data Exchange within EUR Region. RSC Rescue sub centre,RVR Runway visual range, RSMC Regional specialized meteorological centre WMO. SADIS Distribution system for information relating to air navigation. SARPs Standards and Recommended Practices, SIGMET Information concerning en route weather phenomena which may affect the safety of aircraft. operations,SIGWX Significant weather, SNOWTAM Special series NOTAM notifying the presence or removal of hazardous conditions due to snow. ice slush or standing water associated with snow slush and ice on the movement area by. means of a specific format, SPECI Aerodrome special meteorological report in meteorological code. SPECIAL Local special meteorological report in abbreviated plain language. SSR Secondary surveillance radar,SUPPS Regional supplementary procedures.
Abbreviations not included in the Procedures for Air Navigation Services ICAO Abbreviations and Codes PANS ABC Doc 8400. Manual on Coordination between Air Traffic Services. x Aeronautical Information Services and Aeronautical Meteorological Services. TAF Aerodrome forecast in meteorological code,TCAC Tropical cyclone advisory centre. TCU Towering cumulus,TDWR Terminal Doppler weather radar. TREND Trend forecast,TWR Aerodrome control tower or aerodrome control. UIR Upper flight information region,VAAC Volcanic ash advisory centre. VDU Visual display unit,VFR Visual flight rules,VHF Very high frequency 30 to 300 MHz.
VOLMET Meteorological information for aircraft in flight. WAFC World area forecast centre,WAFS World area forecast system. WIFS WAFS Internet File Service,WMO World Meteorological Organization. Abbreviations not included in the Procedures for Air Navigation Services ICAO Abbreviations and Codes PANS ABC Doc 8400. INTRODUCTION, Note There is a close operational affinity in many States between air traffic services ATS and search. and rescue services Both services are often provided by the same department responsible for civil aviation Substantial. parts of this manual are therefore applicable to the coordination between search and rescue services and meteorological. services even in cases where specific reference to search and rescue services is not made. 1 1 The objectives of ATS are to, a prevent collisions between aircraft in the air or on the manoeuvring area of an aerodrome. b prevent collisions between aircraft on the manoeuvring area and obstructions on that area. c expedite and maintain an orderly flow of air traffic. d provide advice and information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flights and. e notify appropriate organizations regarding aircraft in need of search and rescue aid and assist such. organizations as required, 1 2 It is clear that in order to achieve these objectives effectively ATS units require a great deal of.
meteorological information and service This has been recognized in the specifications for the meteorological service to. be provided for international air navigation which describe how operators flight crew members ATS units search and. rescue services centres airport management and others concerned with the conduct of international air navigation are. to be supplied with the meteorological information necessary for the performance of their respective functions. 1 3 The meteorological information required by ATS units can be divided into two kinds. a that needed to carry out air traffic control functions e g surface wind data for establishing runways in. use weather radar data for guiding aircraft and upper air forecasts for tactical decision making and. b that needed to provide information to aircraft in flight en route landing or taking off. 1 4 The meteorological data required by ATS units to carry out these two functions have grown over the years. in number and complexity With the use of voice communications HF and VHF and the implementation of data link. communications ATS units have become an important intermediary for the transmission of meteorological data to. aircraft Even when information is broadcast to aircraft ATS units are usually responsible for some of these broadcasts. e g routine broadcasts of meteorological information for aircraft in flight VOLMET broadcasts and automatic terminal. information service ATIS broadcasts and also for receiving meteorological information from aircraft through air reports. AIREPs The latter are very important since the occurrence of certain weather phenomena such as turbulence icing. and low level wind shear can to a large extent only be diagnosed and confirmed in this manner. 1 5 The lowering of aerodrome operating minima and the implementation of all weather operations have. increased the need for accurate and timely information on local weather conditions at aerodromes for which modern. automated meteorological instrumentation and observation systems are used The exclusion of weather echoes from. Manual on Coordination between Air Traffic Services. 1 2 Aeronautical Information Services and Aeronautical Meteorological Services. many ATS radar systems has made it necessary to provide information to controllers from weather radar and weather. radar networks Much of this information has been integrated with processed meteorological satellite data In order for. centralized ATS units to achieve efficient air traffic flow management ATFM and track selection digital grid point upper. wind and upper air temperature forecasts from the world area forecast system WAFS have become necessary input for. air traffic control computers, 1 6 To ensure that exchanges of meteorological information take place speedily and effectively there is a need. for efficient coordination between air traffic and meteorological services and their respective authorities Requirements. for such coordination are stated or implied in many parts of Annex 3 Meteorological Service for International Air. between Air Traffic Services Aeronautical Information Services and Aeronautical Meteorological Services Sixth Edition 2014 Doc 9377 AN 915 International Civil Aviation Organization Approved by the Secretary General and published under his authority

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