Learn from the Past Create the Future Inventions and Patents

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925E CaP 2010 Layout 1 23 09 10 10 47 Page2, Disclaimer The main purpose of this publication is to provide basic information it is. not meant as a substitute for professional legal advice Mention of names of firms and. organizations and their websites does not imply the endorsement of WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization 2007,Text Maria de Icaza. Graphic Design Sheyda Navab,LEARN FROM THE PAST CREATE THE FUTURE. Inventions,and Patents,INVENTIONS,What are inventions. How do we know when inventions were first invented. Game Inventions of Ancient Civilizations,How are inventions invented.
Inventions improve our lives,Game Inventor Match maker. What are patents,Why are patents important,When were patents invented. Modern patent laws,How do inventors obtain patents. When should an invention be patented,What happens if an invention is not patented. Are patented inventions protected worldwide, Can there be different inventors for the same invention.
Patents are a wonderful source of information,The PCT Gazette. Game PCT Detective,BECOME AN INVENTOR,Identify a need or a problem. Experiment and keep an open mind,Apply for a patent. Enter a competition,Commercialize your invention,Game Patent Journey. FINAL THOUGHTS,INVENTION JOURNAL,ANSWERS TO GAMES,FURTHER READING.
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY,Online Sources,NOTE TO TEACHERS. Inventions and Patents is the first of WIPO s Learn from the past. create the future series of publications aimed at young students. This series was launched in recognition of the importance of children and. young adults as the creators of our future, The first two parts of this publication are designed to. provide basic information about inventions and patents. The aim is to communicate the importance of, inventors their inventions and patents through games. thought provoking exercises and concrete examples,Part three provides a roadmap for invention and. encourages young students to invent and patent,their creations.
Winners of a WIPO gold medal,at the 2003 To be an Inventor. At the end of this publication are detailed answers. challenge in Tayside Scotland,These Netherlee Primary School. to the games an inventor s glossary and an invention. students invented a Floodbuster journal to track the young inventor s work. device to prevent the bath from,overflowing when unattended. INVENTIONS,What are inventions, Generally speaking an invention is a new product or process that solves a. technical problem This is different from a discovery which is something. that already existed but had not been found, Consider for example the telescope and the mountains of.
the moon The telescope is an invention that was created in. 1608 when Hans Lipperhey a Dutch eyeglass maker, combined convex and concave glasses at either end of a. tube It was only with the invention of the telescope that. humans Galileo Galilei to be precise were able to look far. enough into the sky to see the mountains of the moon. Galileo didn t invent these mountains he discovered them. with the help of an invention, Just as inventions can lead to discoveries discoveries can sometimes also. lead to inventions For example Benjamin Franklin s discovery of the. electrical effects of lightning led him to invent the lightning rod around. 1752 This invention is still in use today and has made. buildings much safer places during thunderstorms,From the beginning of time humans everywhere have. been inventing In fact most of what is around you,now was invented by someone in the past We have. grown so used to these things however that we,often don t think of them as inventions.
Think about the alphabet that we are using to communicate. right now The ink and paper that these words are written on. The clothes you are wearing The chair you are sitting on All of these are. inventions and there is a person a human mind behind each of them. Think about it,What other inventions have led to discoveries. What other discoveries have led to inventions, How many inventions can you identify in this scene. What would your world be like without inventions, Inventions are essential to our everyday life and yet most people know. very little about their origins, How do we know when inventions were first invented. Many inventions were invented thousands of years ago so it can be. difficult to know their exact origins Sometimes scientists discover a. model of an early invention and from this model they can accurately tell. us how old it is and where it came from However there is always the. possibility that in the future other scientists will discover an even older. model of the same invention in a different part of the world In fact. we are forever discovering the history of ancient inventions. An example of this is the invention of pottery For many years archeologists. believed that pottery was first invented in the Near East. around modern Iran where they had found pots dating. back to 9 000 BC In the 1960s however older pots,from 10 000 BC were found on Honshu Island Japan.
There is always a possibility that in the future, archeologists will find even older pots somewhere else. Sometimes archeologists can only find pictures or, written references of an ancient invention Though they. are proof that the invention existed texts and pictures. can make it difficult to determine when where and by whom. the invention was created, This is the case of the compass Scholars have found a clear description. of a sinan navigational device in a Chinese text dating back more than. two thousand years While no actual models of this invention have been. found to date the description in this,ancient text leads us to believe that this. ancient form of compass was invented as,Sinan model by Susan Silverman 7.
courtesy of Smith College History of,Science and Technology Program. early as 2400 years ago in China and it took more than 1000 years for it. to be introduced to the West via Arab traders in the 13th Century AD. When scientists are very lucky they find texts that not only mention past. inventions but also describe them in great detail and even reveal the name. of the inventor and the approximate date of the invention In these cases. we have concrete proof of when where and by whom the invention was. created and we can give proper credit to the inventor. This is how we know for example about the Greco Egyptian. engineer Heron of Alexandria who created countless machines in. the late first century AD Also known as mekanicos machine. man Heron was famous in his time for his numerous inventions. especially his automatic machines that included a steam. engine a coin operated slot machine and automatic doors. Sometimes different ancient civilizations independently. invented very similar items For example almost every. ancient civilization invented mirrors Ancient mirrors. made of polished volcanic glass obsidian have,been found in Turkey and Mesoamerica while. polished bronze or copper mirrors were made, Heron s steam by the inhabitants of ancient Egypt Mesopotamia China. engine model by,Karen Fisher,courtesy of,Greece Rome and the Indus valley. Smith College,History of,Science and, Technology In modern times patents help us to determine when where.
and by whom an invention was invented The second chapter in. this book will give you more information about the use of patents. Game Inventions of Ancient Civilizations, Some inventions from thousands of years ago are still in use today Do you. know the origins of these ancient inventions,CL I PA R T. Mexico Iraq,Kite Chocolate Lighthouse Wheel,See page 55 for answers. Boomerang Snow Goggles Skis,How are inventions invented. Necessity is the mother of invention,famous proverb.
In order to invent inventors first identify a need or problem They then. think of a creative way to solve the problem and work hard to make that. solution possible, Here are a few examples of things that have inspired inventors to invent. 1 Needing something that is not available in the market. Invention Profile Adding Machine, Blaise Pascal was a well known French philosopher mathematician and. physicist but he was also a young inventor His father was a tax collector. who spent long hours calculating by hand how much tax he had to collect. In 1642 at the age of 19 Pascal invented a mechanical adding machine. which his father could use to calculate,the taxes more quickly and accurately. Pascal s machine was called the Pascaline,2 Wanting to help somebody. Invention Profile Stop motion Device for Textile Looms. In 1850 at the age of 12 Margaret Knight witnessed a serious accident. at a textile mill Concerned for the safety of the mill s workers she invented. a stop motion device to quickly stop the powered textile looms in case. something went wrong Her invention was put to use at many mills where. it increased the safety of all mill workers This was only the first of. Margaret s many inventions She was granted,more than 25 patents in her lifetime including.
one for a flat bottomed paper bag still used,in some stores today. 3 Combining two or more products to produce a new and better product. Think about it,How many inventions can you uncover by combining. two of the items listed below,Motor Camera Book Wheels. Clock Computer Shoes,Bicycle Telephone Radio,4 Applying a better understanding of nature. Invention Profile VELCRO, One day in 1941 Swiss engineer George de Maestral took his dog for a.
walk in the Swiss Mountains By the time they returned home his clothes. and his dog were covered with cocklebur seeds Curious about what had. made these seeds stick to fabric George decided to examine them under. a microscope He found that the seeds had tiny hooks that had stuck to. the loops of the fabric, George decided to use the same principle of tiny hooks and loops to. develop a new and better fastener than the zippers available at that time. After many experiments he developed two nylon tapes one covered with. tiny loops and the other with tiny hooks which stuck together when. pressed The VELCRO brand fastener was,patented in 1951 and is now used in many. products including shoes jackets and bags,Colorized scanning electron micrographic. image of joined VELCRO Dee Breger,Drexel University. 5 Combining traditional knowledge with modern scientific concepts. Invention Profile Pot in Pot Cooling System, Northern Nigeria is a hot semi desert rural area where many people have.
no electricity Most people grow and sell their own crops yet keeping. fruits and vegetables fresh in this type of climate is a real challenge. Without refrigeration most fresh food rots within a couple of days. Throwing away spoiled crops means lost income for poor families Eating. the rotting crops causes serious health problems, Local teacher Mohammed Bah Abba was concerned about this problem and. decided to find a solution for it As a boy born into a family of clay pot. makers Mohammed knew that these traditional clay pots retained water. even when dry In 1995 he combined this traditional knowledge with his. understanding of biology chemistry and geology to design a pot in pot. cooling system that acts as a desert refrigerator, Mohammed s cooling system is made up of a small pot placed inside a. larger pot with wet sand filling the space between the two clay pots. The fruit and vegetables are kept in the smaller pot covered with a damp. cloth and left in a dry ventilated place When water from the sand. evaporates it causes the temperature in the pots to go down several. degrees so the food in the smaller pot is always cool With the pot in pot. system food stays fresh much longer For example aubergine can stay. fresh for 27 days instead of the usual three days,Mohammed s system has improved the lives of. thousands of people which is why in 2000 he won,the prestigious Rolex Award for Enterprise. inventors their inventions and patents through games thought provoking exercises and concrete examples Part three provides a roadmap for invention and encourages young students to invent and patent their creations At the end of this publication are detailed answers to the games an inventorTs glossary and an invention journal to track the young inventorTs work 4 PREFACE Winners of a WIPO

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