Key Theories Applications and Planning Processes Related

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Table of Contents,Theory Application Planning Process. Introduction,Adult Learning Theory,Cognitive Behavioral Theory. Diffusion of Innovations 8,Experiential Learning,Health Belief Model theory. Multiple Intelligence Theory,Social Cognitive Theory. Theory of Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behavior. Transtheoretical Stages of Change Model,Applications.
Dale s Cone of Experience,Fish Philosophy,Motivational Interviewing. Six Points of Influence Pam McCarthy,Planning Processes. ADDIE Instructional Design,ARCS Model of Instructional Design Keller. Page 2 of 26,Theory Application Planning Process,Community Organizing Models. 7 Steps of Design,Social Marketing Process,Spectrum of Prevention.
Date Comment or action, 6 20 2011 Final comments from 6 16 2011 subcommittee meeting incorporated by. 9 22 2011 Minor changes to 6 Points of Influence on p 19. Page 3 of 26,Introduction, The chart that follows describes some of the key theories applications or planning processes relevant to staff. training It was designed as a tool for WIC staff to better understand health behavior adult learning and program. planning This document does not judge which theory application or process is the best or identify any one that. should be used above the others Rather it is a menu of options for WIC staff to consider when planning or. implementing any training strategy, There is a section for theories applications and planning processes Within each section topics are listed in the. chart alphabetically The table for each theory application or planning process consists of three parts. 1 Theory Application Process This section gives the name of the theory application or planning process and. is followed by the name of the main contributor s author s and where applicable some suggested resources. are provided if you would like to find out more, 2 Description This section gives a brief description of the key concepts of the theory application or planning. 3 Application This section gives some possible suggestions for applying the theory application or planning. process as well as limitations for use and previous areas of application. NOTES The term learner is used throughout This term refers to the WIC staff being trained or attempting to learn a new idea. process or behavior, For more information on many of these theories you may wish to consult.
Health Behavior and Health Education Theory Research and Practice 4th edition 2008 Edited by Karen Glanz Barbara K Rimer K. Viswanath Jossey Bass ISBN 978 0 7879 9614 7, Theory at a Glance National Cancer Institute http www cancer gov cancertopics cancerlibrary theory pdf. Page 4 of 26, This section contains theories related to adult learning and behavior change These theories can be considered when planning. training to help ensure training is effective and results in the desired behavior or competence. Page 5 of 26,Adult Learning Theory,Theory Model Process Application Previous use or. Major Contributor s Description Brief description defining concepts possible use. Adult Learning Theory Adult learning theory Andragogy is a set of ideas about how Conduct a learning needs and. M Knowles J Vella adults learn new skills or information The emphasis is more on resources assessment LNRA before. process than content designing the lesson training. Learning to Listen Learning to, Teach The Power of Dialogue Adults learn best when they talk to others about their life Identify the learning styles of the. in Educating Adults 1994 by experiences dialogue and relate these experiences to the learners auditory visual. Jane Vella learning process kinesthetic, The Making of an Adult Adult learning theory stresses Set objectives that focus on what the.
Educator 1989 by Malcolm learners will do with the content in. Knowles Respect Being nonjudgmental showing politeness listening order to learn it. without interruption, For more information Safety Creating trust in the learning environment teacher Design the learning so that learners. http www fsu edu adult class design objectives are involved in various interactive. ed jenny learning html Immediacy Providing a learning experience that is of activities. immediate usefulness to the earners, http en wikipedia org wiki An Relevance Designing the learning to be of importance to and Establish a learning environment that. dragogy applicable to all learners is emotionally and physically. Engagement Getting learners involved in their learning comfortable for all learners. Key word search,Adult learning,Andragogy vs Pedagogy. Dialogue education,Page 6 of 26,Cognitive Behavioral Theory. Theory Model Process Application Previous use or, Major Contributor s Description Brief description defining concepts possible use.
Cognitive Behavioral Theory The Cognitive Behavioral Theory CBT is the idea that a person s CBT s role for the educator Listen. A Skinner A Beck A Ellis thoughts and feelings cause their behaviors instead of external teach and encourage. influences such as people and situations CBT therefore. For more information suggests an individual can control or change their behavior s by CBT s role for the learner Express. An Appraisal of Cognitive simply changing the way they think or feel regardless of external thoughts and feelings learn and. Therapy influences implement learning,By Clive J Robins and Adele. M Hayes Training would focus on both the,cognitive and behavioral aspects. Are All Cognitive Therapies, Alike A Comparison of CBT helps learners explore their. Cognitive and Noncognitive thinking problems and goals The. Therapy Process and trainer supports the learner with. Implications for the Application developing skills or using tools to. of Empirically Supported achieve the goals,Treatments. By Mart L Malik Lassy E Homework and or activities which allow. Beutler Shabia Alimohamed the learner to practice new techniques. Dolores Gallaghter are encouraged,Thompson and Larry.
Thompson CBT is widely used in psychotherapy, Major Concepts Cognition and behavioral influences for mental health conditions. http www bing com health art Assumes emotions and behavioral reactions are learned through. icle mayo 127157 Cognitive time and relearning and reinforcing positive thoughts and. behavioral experiences will promote a change in a person s coping ability. therapy q cognitive behavior,al therapy,Page 7 of 26. Diffusion of Innovations,Theory Model Process Application Previous use or. Major Contributor s Description Brief description defining concepts possible use. Diffusion of Innovations Innovations are defined as new ideas products or social Training is about getting staff to accept. E M Rogers G Zaltman R practices New ideas products and practices spread based on a new idea or practice so considering. Duncan how new ideas or practices spread can, 1 Relative Advantage Improvement over what it replaces make the training process more. For more information 2 Compatibility Consistency with the values habits smooth and result in a faster change to. http www enablingchange co experiences and needs of the potential users the new behavior Use the list of. m au Summary Diffusion The 3 Complexity Difficulty to use qualities to develop training. ory pdf 4 Trialability Degree to which it can be experimented with. http www maurice before a commitment to adopt it is required Point out the innovation s benefits. anemaat nl uni Scriptie ARTIK 5 Observability Extent to which it provides results monetary value convenience time. EL ROGERS DIFFUSIONIN 6 Impact on Social Relations Effect on social environment saving. NOVATIONS pdf 7 Reversibility Ability to be reversed or discontinued. http www ihepsa com files H 8 Communicability Ease of being understood Make sure the innovation is easy to. B 20 20HE 9 Time Required Time needed to adopt innovation understand or use by breaking down. 20Glanz 20Book pdf page 10 Risk and Uncertainty Level Risk and uncertainty involved the new idea or practice into simple. 351 11 Commitment Effectiveness with modest commitment steps or small chunks. book available to purchase at 12 Modifiability Ability to be updated and modified over time. Amazon Provide plenty of opportunity for trying,out the innovation practice sessions.
Key word search discussions or hands on activities. Diffusion of innovations, Everett M Rogers Share the experiences of others that. have successfully used the innovation,Peer to peer conversations influence. staff readiness to try a new behavior,Page 8 of 26. Experiential Learning,Theory Model Process Application Previous use or. Major Contributor s Description Brief description defining concepts possible use. Experiential Learning A four stage cyclical theory of learning Kolb s experiential In training provide hands on. David A Kolb learning theory is a holistic perspective that combines experience opportunities to practice the new. perception cognition and behavior Focus is on the learning behavior. Kolb David A 1984 process for the individual Based on the idea that learning is the. Experiential Learning process whereby knowledge is created through the Provide opportunities for WIC. Experience as the Source of transformation of experience The cyclical model of learning staff to think and talk about what. Learning and Development consists of the 4 stages listed below A learner may begin at any they are attempting to learn. Prentice Hall Inc Englewood stage but must follow each other in the sequence What stood out for you about. Cliffs N J that activity,Concrete experience or Do The learner actively.
For more information experiences a new activity such as a computer practice or hands Ask How would you use this in. http learningfromexperience on activity such as a role play your work How does this. com Reflective observation or Observe The learner consciously impact your job. reflects back on what they just experienced, http en wikipedia org wiki Ex Abstract conceptualization or Think The learner tries to Encourage staff to identify a next. periential learning conceptualize how what is observed impacts them step What will you do to try this. Active experimentation or Plan The learner tries to plan when you get back to the clinic. Key word search how to use what they have learned,David A Kolb. Experiential learning Experience is translated through reflection into concepts which in. turn are used as guides for active experimentation and the choice. of new experiences,Page 9 of 26,Health Belief Model HBM. Theory Model Process Application Previous use or, Major Contributor s Description Brief description defining concepts possible use. Health Belief Model HBM The HBM suggests that a person s readiness to change a specific Much of what WIC staff are trained on. G Hochbaum health behavior is dependent on is related to health beliefs. Understanding this model and how it, For more information 1 Perceived Susceptibility Individual s view of the likelihood relates to behavior change may.
http www etr org recapp index cf of developing the condition or disease influence how training is provided. m fuseaction pages TopicsInBrief 2 Perceived Severity Individual s view of how serious the. Detail PageID 51 condition and its consequences are Model does NOT incorporate the. http currentnursing com nursing t, 3 Perceived Benefits Individual s view of what will be gained influence of social norms or peer. heory health belief model html by changing the specific behavior influences. 4 Perceived Barriers Factors such as cost inconvenience. http faculty mercer edu thomas b time that make it difficult for the individual to change the Identify risks and consequences. m classes 641 Health 20Belief 2 behavior related to the behavior. 0Model pdf 5 Cues to Action Events that trigger the individual to take. action Identify benefits of the desired, Key word search 6 Self Efficacy Individual s confidence in ability to take action behavior. Health Belief Model, Health Belief Model Concepts Provide training and guidance in how. to perform the desired behavior,Have learner brainstorm how barriers. can be reduced or eliminated,Have learner set goals or next steps.
This model has been applied to study,such areas as exercising and. compliance with diabetic and weight,loss regimens,Page 10 of 26. Multiple Intelligence Theory,Theory Model Process Application Previous use or. Major Contributor s Description Brief description defining concepts possible use. Multiple Intelligence There are 8 distinct forms of intelligence While this theory is most often used. Theory when discussing children, H Gardner 1 Verbal Linguistic Ability to use words in thought language understanding that individuals can. or writing learn or be smart in different ways, Multiple Intelligences The 2 Logical Mathematical Ability to recognize and solve can help trainers design learning.
Theory in Practice 1993 by problems think logically calculate find patterns determine activities that appeal to a variety of. Howard Gardner relationships work with abstract symbols hypothesize people. 3 Musical Rhythmic Ability to use such musical elements as. For more information pitch rhythm and timbre Give learners the opportunity to learn. http www tecweb org styles g 4 Visual Spatial Ability to recreate visual experiences orient in in their preferred intelligence s. Theory Application Planning Process Page Introduction 4 Theories 5 Adult Learning Theory 6 Cognitive Behavioral Theory 7 Diffusion of Innovations 8 Experiential Learning 9 Health Belief Model theory 10 Multiple Intelligence Theory 11 Social Cognitive Theory 12 Theory of Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behavior 13

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