Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies

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Indigenous Participation in,Australian Economies II. Historical engagements and current enterprises,Edited by Natasha Fijn Ian Keen Christopher Lloyd. and Michael Pickering,Published by ANU E Press,The Australian National University. Canberra ACT 0200 Australia,Email anuepress anu edu au. This title is also available online at http epress anu edu au. National Library of Australia Cataloguing in Publication entry. Title Indigenous participation in Australian economies II historical engagements. and current enterprises electronic resource Natasha Fijn et al. ISBN 9781921862830 pbk 9781921862847 ebook, Notes Includes bibliographical references and index.
Subjects Aboriginal Australians Economic conditions. Business enterprises Aboriginal Australian,Aboriginal Australians Employment. Australia Economic conditions,Other Authors Contributors. Fijn Natasha,Dewey Number 306 30994, All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system. or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic mechanical photocopying or otherwise. without the prior permission of the publisher,Cover design and layout by ANU E Press. Cover image Gudurr with photo of Dave Rust and Scotty Salmond 2008 Courtesy State Library. of Western Australia image number 007852D,Printed by Griffin Press.
This edition 2012 ANU E Press,Figures vii,Foreword xiii. Jon Altman,Introduction 1,Ian Keen and Christopher Lloyd. 1 Settler Economies and Indigenous Encounters The dialectics of. conquest hybridisation and production regimes 17,Christopher Lloyd. Indigenous People and Settlers, 2 Before the Mission Station From first encounters to the. incorporation of settlers into Indigenous relations of obligation 37. John M White, 3 Tracking Wurnan Transformations in the trade and.
exchange of resources in the northern Kimberley 57. Anthony Redmond, 4 Camels and the Transformation of Indigenous Economic. Landscapes 73,Petronella Vaarzon Morel,5 Always Anangu always enterprising 97. Alan O Connor,Labour History and Stolen Wages, 6 The Art of Cutting Stone Aboriginal convict labour in. nineteenth century New South Wales and Van Diemen s Land 119. Kristyn Harman, 7 Indigenous Workers on Methodist Missions in Arnhem Land. A skilled labour force lost 135,Gwenda Baker,8 Low Wages Low Rents and Pension Cheques.
The introduction of equal wages in the Kimberley 1968 1969 153. Fiona Skyring,9 Aboriginal Workers Aboriginal Poverty 171. 10 Indigenous Peoples and Stolen Wages in Victoria 1869 1957 181. Andrew Gunstone,Indigenous Enterprises and Employment Schemes. 11 Between Locals Interpersonal histories and the 1970s. Papunya art movement 199,Peter Thorley and Andy Greenslade. 12 An Economy of Shells A brief history of La Perouse. Aboriginal women s shell work and its markets 1880 2010 211. Maria Nugent, 13 Policy Mismatch and Indigenous Art Centres The tension. between economic independence and community development 229. Gretchen Marie Stolte, 14 On Generating Culturally Sustainable Enterprises and.
Demand Responsive Services in Remote Aboriginal Settings. A case study from north west Queensland 243,Paul Memmott. 15 Dugong Hunting as Changing Practice Economic engagement. and an Aboriginal ranger program on Mornington Island. southern Gulf of Carpentaria 261,Cameo Dalley, 16 Environmental Conservation and Indigenous Development. through Indigenous Protected Areas and Payments for. Environmental Services A review 287,Nanni Concu,Contributors 311. Figure 1 1 Conceptual matrix of conquest and articulation 22. Figure 1 2 The production system of Van Diemen s Land 26. Figure 1 3 Altman s Venn diagram of hybridity 27, Figure 2 1 Howitt s 1904 evidence of Yuin exchange practices 46. Figure 4 1 Charlie Ilyatjari uses an old camel wagon for his wood 84. carting business circa 1960, Figure 4 2 Louis Wirultjukurnga and family with camels approximately 85.
20 km north of Ernabella 6 September 1960, Figure 4 3 Trading on the road at Yulpartji 22 August 1958 86. Figure 4 4 Wise Men on a camel at Ernabella circa 1960 Christmas 87. pageants were presented in the creek bed with a donkey. carrying Mary and Three Wise Men leading camels as. the Ernabella Choir sang carols in the background, Figure 5 1 Anangu display their craft work Ara Irititja 1960 102. Figure 5 2 Shearing at Ernabella Ara Irititja circa 1960 103. Figure 5 3 Building the first house for Anangu Ernabella Ara 105. Irititja 1963, Figure 5 4 The vegetable garden at Ernabella Ara Irititja 1973 108. Figure 5 5 Water drilling near Ernabella Ara Irititja 1970 109. Figure 7 1 Stephen Bunbaitjun Builder Howard Island 137. Figure 7 2 Unloading logs 138, Figure 11 1 Kalipimpa Rain more commonly known as Kalipinypa by 203. Kaapa Mbitjana Tjampitjinpa painted in 1976 77, Figure 11 2 Reverse of Kalipimpa Rain by Kaapa Mbitjana Tjampitjinpa 204.
Figure 11 3 Kaapa painting in the backyard of Gwen and Owen 204. Daniels at Papunya 1976 77, Figure 11 4 Untitled painting by Kaapa Mbitjana Tjampitjinpa 1984 205. Figure 12 1 Shell work baby slippers maker unknown La Perouse 212. New South Wales 1952, Figure 12 2 Shell work Sydney Harbour Bridge made by Mavis 212. Longbottom and Lola Ryan La Perouse New South,Wales Australia 1986. Figure 12 3 Harbour Bridge made by Lola Ryan Dharawal Eora 213. people La Perouse New South Wales Australia 2000, Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies II. Figure 12 4 Boomerang La Perouse Aboriginal community 224. New South Wales Australia circa 1935,Figure 13 1 Maningrida Art Centre 2005 234.
Figure 14 1 The market participation model complex demand and 254. supply chains and networks, Figure 14 2 Myuma as the complex Indigenous adaptive system 254. Figure 14 3 A Myuma business card with corporate logo 257. Figure 15 1 Dugong caught in the Appel Channel between 264. Mornington Island and Denham Island showing the,mission rowboat used for hunting 1916. Figure 15 2 Brian Roughsey and Prince Escott both deceased with a 265. modern reconstruction of a net used for catching dugong 1976. Figure 15 3 Walbas in the Appel Channel between Mornington 266. Island and Denham Island, Figure 15 4 Dugong caught by Robert Burns and George Dugong 267. both deceased showing double outrigger canoe used,for hunting Mornington Island circa 1921. Figure 16 1 The logic of PES 291, Figure 16 2 Benefits and costs from the Indigenous estate under 293.
different management options, Map 3 1 Sketch map of trade routes in the Kimberley region 61. Map 3 2 Contemporary Trade Routes in the Kimberleys and their 64. Major Items of Exchange, Map 3 3 Wurnan channels overlaid on moiety blocks 65. Map 5 1 The APY Lands 98,Map 7 1 Methodist missions in Arnhem Land 139. Map 14 1 Operational location of the Myuma Group 244. Map 14 2 Plan of Myuma Camp in 2006 249, Map 14 3 Towns and pastoral stations in the vicinity of Camooweal 250. with the Indjaladji Dhidhanu territory and neighbouring. traditional owner groups, Map 15 1 Map of the southern Gulf of Carpentaria showing the 263.
areas in the application and those determined under the. Wellesley Sea Claim National Native Title Tribunal 2005. Map 16 1 The Dhimurru IPA 297,Map 16 2 The Djelk IPA 299. Table 7 1 Indigenous Male Mission Wages as a Percentage of the 143. Commonwealth Male Basic Wage, Table 14 1 The Three Corporate Vehicles of the Myuma Group and 247. their Respective Spheres of Operation, Table 14 2 Myuma s Contribution to its Regional Economy 2004 09 253. Table 16 1 Sample of Indigenous Protected Areas 294. Jon Altman, This book is part of a bold intellectual quest to re envisage and re theorise the. nature of Indigenous participation in the Australian colonial economy It has. arisen out of an Australian Research Council ARC Linkage project between. scholars at The Australian National University the University of New England. and the National Museum of Australia that was completed in 2011 This book. is the second substantive publication from the project following on from. Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies Historical and anthropological. perspectives edited by Ian Keen and published by ANU E Press in 2010 The title. of this volume Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies II Historical. engagements and current enterprises suggests to me that the research project. has grown beyond its original intent, The project s key goal to revisit historical spatially diverse and now.
contemporary articulations of Indigenous and settler state and settler capitalist. social and economic forms is long overdue It is an ambitious interdisciplinary. collaboration its team of researchers deploys the disciplinary lenses of. anthropology history economic history material culture and prehistory or. archaeology Participating in the public conference held at the National Museum. of Australia in November 2009 I was struck that the topic attracted an even. wider set of perspectives than originally anticipated as well as more scholarly. interest And just as the disciplinary perspectives grew so did the time frame. under consideration This raises important questions about how we characterise. the temporal and spatial boundaries of the Australian colonial economy is there. still a colonial frontier out there From an Indigenous perspective is Australia. post colonial or still colonial As the project has expanded and evolved it. strikes me that it has been well managed by the lead researchers who have been. happy not to steer any tight predetermined course, In his recent article Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native. Patrick Wolfe 2006 draws on his earlier work to make three points of great. pertinence to this project First he notes that the colonial invasion and its. transformative capitalist system were predicated on wholesale expropriation of. the land and resources the principal settler colonial logic to eliminate native. societies was to gain unrestricted access to territory Quoting Deborah Bird Rose. from her book Hidden Histories 1991 Wolfe reminds us that in order to get in. the way of settler colonisation all Indigenous hunter gatherers had to do was to. stay at home Second Wolfe notes that settler colonisers came to stay invasion. is structural it is not some historical event that can be isolated to a particular. Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies II. place and time such as Sydney in 1788 And third Wolfe suggests that settler. colonialism has both negative and positive dimensions Negatively it strives for. the dissolution of native societies a dissolution that in the past included the. summary massacre of Indigenous people as new histories of frontier conflict. now document Positively a new colonial society is created and a range of new. options emerges from the logic of elimination including integration or assimilation. of Indigenous people as citizens what is referred to today as mainstreaming with. its goal of normalisation or Closing the Gap in socioeconomic status according to. the norms of the dominant settler colonial society. It is not surprising under such circumstances that a diversity of Indigenous. participations in Australian economies has resulted and I note a growing. propensity to use plurals to denote this Such diversity has been documented. in research beginning 40 years ago especially in the series Aborigines in. Australian Society under the general guidance of political scientist Charles. Rowley as Ian Keen and Chris Lloyd note in their Introduction to this volume. Two theoretical developments in recent years positively influence the current. project of economic reinterpretation and expanded possibilities. The first is the path breaking work of Ian Keen in his major study Aboriginal. Economy and Society Australia at the threshold of colonisation 2004 Here. Keen meticulously examines available sources to ask to what extent Aboriginal. economy and society varied across Australia at the time of British colonisation. This exhaustive work employs a tripartite classification ecology institutions. and economy summarises similarities and differences and provides explanation. for variation Having this work on hand provides a frame of reference for. understanding from a structural functionalist perspective the endogamous. explanations for diversity of participations We have clearly moved beyond any. crude universalising of the pre colonial hunter gatherer mode of production. continent wide, The second development is the broad reflexive shift in the social sciences in. recent decades to more inclusively consider economic and social relations from. the perspective of those marginalised subordinated and dominated on the. frontier whose way of life was and is challenged and often destroyed From. the earlier writings of Talal Asad and Eric Wolf to more recent translations into. English of the works of Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu we are now far. more comfortable in theoretically incorporating workings of power conflict. and agency into structural analyses There is a more nuanced engagement today. with different logic and a greater acceptance of inevitable contestation over. economic values The writings over a long time of James Scott make it clear. that the weak or subordinate will not meekly acquiesce to some predetermined. or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic mechanical photocopying or otherwise without the prior permission of the publisher Cover design and layout by ANU E Press Cover image Gudurr with photo of Dave Rust and Scotty Salmond 2008 Courtesy State Library

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