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text analysis verisimilitude, Unlike the diary of Samuel Pepys Daniel Defoe s A Journal. of the Plague Year is a work of fiction The novel portrays. London during the summer of 1665 the darkest days of the. city s bubonic plague epidemic An innovative writer Defoe. incorporated details from mortality records city maps and a plague. other historical documents to help him achieve verisimilitude. or the appearance of reality Presented as an eyewitness affect society. account the novel purposefully blurs the line between fact. As Daniel Defoe emphasizes in his novel, and fiction In this way Defoe s writing anticipates the realism. a plague can strike indiscriminately, and psychological depth of modern novels As you read notice. and unpredictably Even today with, how the following conventions help make the selection seem. advanced medicine diseases capable,like an authentic report of the tragedy.
of triggering epidemics remain terrible, a first person narrator geographical names threats to society. numbers and statistics precise details DISCUSS Imagine that you and a small. dates and references to time group of classmates are public health. officials You have just discovered, reading skill draw conclusions several cases of a highly infectious. As you read the selection use your own reactions and text disease that you fear may develop into. clues to help you make inferences or logical guesses about an epidemic Discuss the ways that. the effects of the plague on London society For example you you might work with different sectors of. can infer that the epidemic caused a collapse of social customs society such as the media politicians. such as public mourning from the following lines and the elderly to limit the spread of. disease Compare your ideas with those, London might well be said to be all in tears the mourners did of other groups. not go about the streets indeed for nobody put on black or. made a formal dress of mourning for their nearest friends. Record your inferences in a chart like the one shown After. reading the selection you will use these notes to draw. conclusions or make general statements about the tragedy. Passages About My Reactions My Inferences,London Society. As near as I may The burial pit was so The plague caused. judge the burial pit large What a terrible Londoners to change. was about forty feet sight it must have been their burial practices. in length and about Mass graves were,fifteen or sixteen feet created.
broad and about,nine feet deep, Complete the activities in your Reader Writer Notebook. NA L12PE u03s12 brPlague indd 593 11 24 10 1 18 31 PM. journal of,the plague year,Daniel Defoe, background In A Journal of the Plague Year Defoe chronicles the epidemic Analyze Visuals. through the eyes of his narrator a saddle maker known only as H F Early in the What details in the engraving. novel as many people are fleeing the city H F agonizes over whether he too reveal the terrible circumstances. should leave London After reading a passage in the Bible he decides to stay of the plague outbreak. and to do what he can for those in need trusting that God will keep him from. falling victim to the noisome pestilence, The face of London was now indeed strangely altered I mean the whole. mass of buildings city liberties suburbs Westminster Southwark and 2 city the portion of London once. altogether for as to the particular part called the city or within the walls within the old city walls with. Westminster to the west and, that was not yet much infected But in the whole the face of things I say Southwark sOthQErk to the. was much altered sorrow and sadness sat upon every face and though some south liberties densely populated. parts were not yet overwhelmed yet all looked deeply concerned and as we areas just outside the city walls. saw it apparently coming on so every one looked on himself and his family. as in the utmost danger Were it possible to represent those times exactly to. those that did not see them and give the reader due ideas of the horror that. 10 everywhere presented itself it must make just impressions upon their minds. and fill them with surprise London might well be said to be all in tears the. mourners did not go about the streets indeed for nobody put on black or. made a formal dress of mourning for their nearest friends but the voice of. mourning was truly heard in the streets The shrieks of women and children. at the windows and doors of their houses where their dearest relations were. perhaps dying or just dead were so frequent to be heard as we passed the. streets that it was enough to pierce the stoutest heart in the world to hear. them Tears and lamentations were seen almost in every house especially. in the f irst part of the visitation for towards the latter end men s hearts a DRAW CONCLUSIONS. Reread lines 14 22 Which, 20 were hardened and death was so always before their eyes that they did not details suggest that the plague.
so much concern themselves for the loss of their friends expecting that caused family relationships and. themselves should be summoned the next hour a friendships to fall apart. I went all the first part of the time freely about the streets though not so. freely as to run myself into apparent danger except when they dug the great. The Great Pit in Aldgate 1865 Davenport,after Cruikshank Science Museum. 594 unit 3 the restoration and the 18th century Library Science and Society Picture Library. NA L12PE u03s12 plague indd 594 11 24 10 1 24 02 PM. NA L12PE u03s12 plague indd 595 11 24 10 1 24 17 PM. pit in the churchyard of our parish of Aldgate A terrible pit it was and I 25 parish of Aldgate The street. could not resist my curiosity to go and see it As near as I may judge it was and area known as Aldgate take. their name from the nearby old, about forty feet in length and about f ifteen or sixteen feet broad and at the gate or Aldgate. time I first looked at it about nine feet deep but it was said they dug it near. twenty feet deep afterwards in one part of it till they could go no deeper. 30 for the water for they had it seems dug several large pits before this For. though the plague was long a coming to our parish yet when it did come. there was no parish in or about London where it raged with such violence as. in the two parishes of Aldgate and Whitechapel 33 Whitechapel an area just east of. Aldgate and the old city walls, They had supposed this pit would have supplied them for a month or. more when they dug it and some blamed the churchwardens for suffering. such a frightful thing telling them they were making preparations to bury. the whole parish and the like but time made it appear the churchwardens. knew the condition of the parish better than they did for the pit being. finished the 4th of September I think they began to bury in it the 6th. 40 and by the 20th which was just two weeks they had thrown into it 1 114. bodies when they were obliged to fill it up the bodies being then come to. lie within six feet of the surface, It was about the 10th of September that my curiosity led or rather drove. me to go and see this pit again when there had been near 400 people buried b VERISIMILITUDE. in it and I was not content to see it in the daytime as I had done before for Review Defoe s use of numbers. then there would have been nothing to have been seen but the loose earth dates and statistics in lines. 25 49 Would the description, for all the bodies that were thrown in were immediately covered with earth of the Aldgate burial pit be.
by those they called the buriers which at other times were called bearers but as compelling without these. I resolved to go in the night and see some of them thrown in b details Explain your response. 50 There was a strict order to prevent people coming to those pits and that. was only to prevent infection But after some time that order was more. necessary for people that were infected and near their end and delirious. also would run to those pits wrapt in blankets or rugs and throw. themselves in and as they said bury themselves I cannot say that the c VERISIMILITUDE. officers suffered any willingly to lie there but I have heard that in a great The narrator recounts information. pit in Finsbury in the parish of Cripplegate it lying open then to the fields about Aldgate and Finsbury. for it was not then walled about some came and threw themselves in actual areas of London struck. by the epidemic How might, and expired there before they threw any earth upon them and that when Defoe s original audience have. they came to bury others and found them there they were quite dead reacted to reading these familiar. 60 though not cold c geographical names, This may serve a little to describe the dreadful condition of that day. though it is impossible to say anything that is able to give a true idea of it to. those who did not see it other than this that it was indeed very very very. dreadful and such as no tongue can express, I got admittance into the churchyard by being acquainted with the. sexton who attended who though he did not refuse me at all yet 66 sexton a church officer or. earnestly persuaded me not to go telling me very seriously for he was a employee in charge of maintaining. church property, good religious and sensible man that it was indeed their business and. duty to venture and to run all hazards and that in it they might hope to. 70 be preserved but that I had no apparent call to it but my own curiosity. 596 unit 3 the restoration and the 18th century, NA L12PE u03s12 plague indd 596 11 24 10 1 24 22 PM.
which he said he believed I would not pretend was sufficient to justify my. running that hazard I told him I had been pressed in my mind to go and. that perhaps it might be an instructing sight that might not be without its. uses Nay says the good man if you will venture upon that score name 74 75 if you will venture go in If. of God go in for depend upon it t will be a sermon to you it may be the you will go in for that reason in the. name of God go in, best that ever you heard in your life T is a speaking sight says he and has. a voice with it and a loud one to call us all to repentance and with that he. opened the door and said Go if you will, His discourse had shocked my resolution a little and I stood wavering for. 80 a good while but just at that interval I saw two links come over from the end 80 links torches. of the Minories and heard the bellman and then appeared a dead cart as 81 82 Minories a street running. they called it coming over the streets so I could no longer resist my desire from Aldgate to the Tower of London. bellman dead cart In front of, of seeing it and went in There was nobody as I could perceive at f irst in a cart bearing the dead away a. the churchyard or going into it but the buriers and the fellow that drove bellman walked ahead ringing a bell. the cart or rather led the horse and cart but when they came up to the pit and crying Bring out your dead. they saw a man go to and again muffled up in a brown cloak and making. motions with his hands under his cloak as if he was in a great agony and. the buriers immediately gathered about him supposing he was one of those. poor delirious or desperate creatures that used to pretend as I have said to. 90 bury themselves He said nothing as he walked about but two or three times. groaned very deeply and loud and sighed as he would break his heart. When the buriers came up to him they soon found he was neither. a person infected and desperate as I have observed above or a person. distempered in mind but one oppressed with a dreadful weight of grief 94 distempered afflicted with. indeed having his wife and several of his children all in the cart that was distemper or disorder of the mind. deranged mentally disturbed, just come in with him and he followed in an agony and excess of sorrow. He mourned heartily as it was easy to see but with a kind of masculine. grief that could not give itself vent by tears and calmly defying the buriers. to let him alone said he would only see the bodies thrown in and go away. 100 so they left importuning him But no sooner was the cart turned round and. the bodies shot into the pit promiscuously which was a surprise to him for 101 promiscuously. he at least expected they would have been decently laid in though indeed prE mGsPkyL Es lC without sorting. or discrimination without making, he was afterwards convinced that was impracticable I say no sooner did he distinctions.
see the sight but he cried out aloud unable to contain himself I could not. hear what he said but he went backward two or three steps and fell down. in a swoon The buriers ran to him and took him up and in a little while 108 Houndsditch a street on the site. of an old ditch running northwest, he came to himself and they led him away to the Pie Tavern over against along the city wall between Aldgate. the end of Houndsditch where it seems the man was known and where and Bishopsgate. they took care of him He looked into the pit again as he went away but the. 110 buriers had covered the bodies so immediately with throwing in earth that d DRAW CONCLUSIONS. though there was light enough for there were lanterns and candles in them Reread lines 79 113 Contrast. the actions of the desperate, placed all night round the sides of the pit upon heaps of earth seven or man to those of the buriers. eight or perhaps more yet nothing could be seen d Whose response to the plague is. from A Journal of the Plague Year Fiction by Daniel Defoe did you know Daniel Defoe was an undercover government spy promoted several of his novels as memoirs died while in hiding from creditors Daniel Defoe has been hailed not only as a pioneer of modern journalism but also as the father of the English novel Best known for Robinson Crusoe page 590 the tale of a man

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