EPA s Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem Solving

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Welcome Message, n just a short time the U S Environmental Protection Agency s Environmental. Justice Collaborative Problem Solving CPS Program has grown and evolved The. backbone of this exciting new program is the Environmental Justice Collaborative. Problem Solving Model CPS Model, EPA s Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem Solving Model is a handbook for all. stakeholders to understand the basic tenets of the CPS Model and through practical. examples it describes how the CPS Model is used to address environmental and or. public health issues in distressed communities, The Office of Environmental Justice presents an overview of the CPS Model in this pub. lication in order to share this dynamic approach with all environmental justice stakeholders. We invite you to explore the CPS Model and see how it can work for your community. Charles Lee Director,Office of Environmental Justice. Chapter 1 Introduction 1,Chapter 2 Collaborative Problem Solving and.
Environmental Justice 3, Chapter 3 The Collaborative Problem Solving Model 5. CPS Element 1 Issue Identification Community Vision. and Strategic Goal Setting 6,CPS Element 2 Community Capacity Building and. Leadership Development 9, CPS Element 3 Consensus Building and Dispute Resolution 10. CPS Element 4 Multi Stakeholder Partnerships and,Leveraging of Resources 12. CPS Element 5 Constructive Engagement by Relevant,Stakeholders 13.
CPS Element 6 Sound Management and Implementation 15. CPS Element 7 Evaluation Lessons Learned and,Replication of Best Practices 16. Chapter 4 ReGenesis A Practical Application,of the CPS Model 19. Chapter 5 The Environmental Justice Collaborative,Problem Solving Cooperative Agreement. Program 33,Chapter 6 Conclusion 36,Introduction, n 2004 the Office of Environmental Justice OEJ of the U S Environmental. Protection Agency EPA developed a grant program to provide direct financial and. technical assistance to selected community based organizations OEJ established a. cooperative agreement program around the framework of the Environmental Justice. Collaborative Problem Solving Model CPS Model The concepts of collaborative problem. solving were initially examined by EPA and other federal agencies through the Federal. Interagency Working Group IWG on Environmental Justice after gathering accomplishments. and many lessons learned from the IWG s 30 demonstration projects in communities around. the country Since then OEJ has developed the CPS Model into an effective approach to. addressing local environmental and or public health issues in a collaborative manner with. various stakeholders such as communities industry academic institutions and others. Through OEJ EPA created the CPS Model as part of its ongoing commitment to ensure. environmental justice for all communities including low income and or minority commu. nities Ensuring environmental justice means not only protecting human health and the. environment for everyone but also ensuring that all people are treated fairly and given. the opportunity to participate meaningfully in the development implementation and. enforcement of environmental laws regulations and policies. Environmental and or public health issues arise in urban rural and tribal communities. that are environmentally economically and socially distressed Situations where commu. nity residents are exposed disproportionately to environmental harms and risks require the. application of science both physical and social environmental and civil rights law public. policy urban planning and other academic disciplines pertaining to community health. community development natural resource management and dispute resolution These sit. uations more often than not fall outside of the regulatory or programmatic responsibilities. of any single governmental agency It is virtually impossible for any single organization. institution or sector of society no matter how large or well established to adequately. address the environmental and or public health problems experienced by communities. Considerable progress has been made since Executive Order 12898 Federal Actions to. Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low Income Populations. issued on February 11 1994 to address environmental and or public health conditions. in communities around the country Despite this progress however some communities. still lack the means to address the complex interrelated factors related to environmental. justice such as environmental public health economic and social concerns Thus. OEJ began exploring the use of collaborative problem solving to provide a systematic. approach for communities to build partnerships with other stakeholders to improve their. environmental and or public health conditions in local areas. Introduction 1,EPA s Environmental Justice Collaborative.
Problem Solving Model is designed to give,readers a basic understanding of the CPS. Model and how it can be used to address,local environmental and or public health. issues This booklet will provide an over,view of the CPS Model and its relationship. to the Environmental Justice Collaborative,Problem Solving Cooperative Agreement. Program EJ CPS Program and how some communities are already using the CPS Model. successfully around the United States A basic overview of the CPS Model is discussed in. Chapter 3 followed by several sections devoted to each of the CPS Model s seven elements. This publication is intended for a diverse audience of environmental justice stakehold. ers including 1 community based organizations 2 federal state tribal and local gov. ernments 3 industry 4 non governmental organizations and 5 academia It provides. insights on how such entities can work together to use the CPS Model s techniques to. address environmental and or public health issues in local communities In addition. this document can be used by EPA staff and members of the public who are interested. in EPA s EJ CPS Program which is further discussed in Chapter 5. 2 EPA s Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem Solving Model. Collaborative Problem Solving,and Environmental Justice.
efore examining the CPS Model in great detail this chapter discusses the con. cept of collaborative problem solving and the need for partnership building to. address multi stakeholder interests and concerns related to environmental justice. Collaborative problem solving simply means that various stakeholders agree to work. together to address a particular issue or concern In situations involving environmental. justice issues stakeholders often have to reconcile divergent interests in order to address. complex and interrelated environmental public health economic and social problems in. local communities Many of these problems are deeply rooted and difficult to resolve. without the concerted effort and active participation of all the stakeholders When multi. ple stakeholders work together they create a collective vision that reflects mutually bene. ficial goals for all parties Such collaboration fosters the conditions that enable the par. ties to mobilize the resources necessary to realize stronger more lasting solutions. Collaborative problem solving in the context of environmental justice involves proactive. strategic and visionary community based processes that bring together multiple parties. from various stakeholder groups e g community groups all levels of government indus. try and academia to develop solutions to address local environmental and or public health. issues Partnerships and negotiations are required to achieve such a goal Partnerships. refer to arrangements by which different stakeholders work together to achieve a common. goal These partnerships can range from informal working relationships to very structured. arrangements in which goals membership ground rules and operating principles are. clearly defined Negotiations refer to processes ranging from informal to formal by. which different stakeholders agree to come together and resolve disagreements. The next chapter describes the CPS Model and its seven elements The CPS Model is a. flexible approach that can be applied to many situations that require collaboration but is. particularly useful when dealing with environmental justice issues that are complex and. involve many stakeholders and where conflicts need to be resolved There are many. benefits to using the CPS Model For instance it provides a framework for leveraging. the necessary human social intellectual technical legal and financial resources to. make long term progress in communities disproportionately affected by environmental. and or public heath issues Also the CPS Model encourages consensus building. processes and skills to help ensure successful collaborations and negotiations Finally. it addresses the ongoing capacity building needs of community based organizations as. well as those of government industry academia and civic organizations. Collaborative Problem Solving and Environmental Justice 3. The Collaborative Problem,Solving Model, he CPS Model represents a systematic community based approach for stakehold. ers to achieve lasting solutions to local environmental and or public health issues. or concerns It provides the framework for the CPS Program which is. discussed in Chapter 5, There are seven elements in the CPS Model These elements can be used in distressed. communities where people are committed to working together to bring about positive. change Each element is discussed in detail in the sections that follow. Issue Identification Community,Community Vision Capacity Building. Strategic Leadership,Goal Setting Development,Evaluation Lessons. Learned Replication,Elements of the Consensus Building.
of Best Practices Collaborative Resolution,Problem Solving. Sound Multi Stakeholder,Management 5 Partnerships,Implementation Leveraging of. Constructive Resources,Engagement,by Relevant,Stakeholders. These elements are cross cutting and interdependent and should be utilized in a proactive. strategic and iterative manner Determining which elements to undertake and in what. order can vary greatly however depending upon the unique facts and circumstances sur. rounding each environmental and or public health issue Not all the elements are required. to be used in every situation Rather the CPS Model and its seven elements can be. viewed as a tool box filled with different tools that can be used as needed. The CPS Model has been used successfully in many situations around the country The. seven elements can help pave the way for anyone interested in bringing environmental. justice to their community For instance Chapter 4 describes how the CPS Model was. used effectively in Spartanburg South Carolina where a community based organization. The Collaborative Problem Solving Model 5, called ReGenesis brought together the community government and industry to overcome. tremendous obstacles to realize a vision of addressing long standing local environmental. public health and socio economic ills In doing so all the stakeholders took part in. improving the community s quality of life and creating the potential for economic growth. and sustainability Each of the sections that follow refers to the ReGenesis example. Furthermore Chapter 5 briefly describes how the CPS Model is being applied by other. communities through the EJ CPS Program,CPS Element 1 Issue Identification.
Community Vision and Strategic Goal Setting, The first element involves identifying the problem such as environmental contamination. envisioning possible solutions and then setting goals to achieve those solutions. Situations in which community residents are exposed disproportion. CPS Element 1 at a glance, ately to environmental risks and harms invariably involve complex. Build upon existing leadership and issues Community based organizations should think strategically to. experience in the community ensure that their community s limited resources are mobilized effec. tively to achieve priority goals Involving the broader community in. Involve community residents early strategic planning activities usually leads to greater clarity in setting. in identifying concerns goals establishing common understanding and trust and honing. the ability to act collectively Strategies should not only address the. Identify partners problem but also lead to greater community capacity viable partner. ships and more resources being leveraged,Build on community plans and. goals Most organizations or partnerships start with an awareness of a prob. lem People come together when they realize that something is. Involve community residents in, wrong At some point individual concerns transform into an organ. planning and goal setting e g, ized community effort to address those concerns The concerns can.
forums workshops, include substantive issues such as the high incidence of asthma. or higher than normal rates of lead poisoning in children They also. can include process issues such as lack of meaningful involvement in the decisionmaking. processes of government or industry, Collaborative problem solving seeks to move beyond identifying environmental and or pub. lic health problems to formulating viable strategies to address and resolve them This goal. is realized by 1 creating a vision that articulates the desired outcomes to be achieved. OEJ began exploring the use of collaborative problem solving to provide a systematic approach for communities to build partnerships with other stakeholders to improve their environmental and or public health conditions in local areas Introduction 1 EPA s Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem Solving Model is designed to give readers a basic understanding of the CPS Model and

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