COMMUNICATIVE ENGLISH University of Babylon

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Government of Tamilnadu,First Edition 2004,Chairperson. Rev Dr FRANCIS M PETER S J,Secretary Correspondent. Loyola College Chennai 600 034,Overall Reviewer,Thiru S GOMATHINATHAN. Special Officer ELT Reader D T E R T Retired, W 5 Old 302 19th Street Annanagar Western Extension. Chennai 600 101, Thiru R Sankara Subramanian Thiru R Venkatakrishnan.
SG Lecturer in English Principal,Govt Arts College Nandanam T I School. Chennai 600 035 Ambattur Chennai 600 053, Ms Priscilla Josephine Sarah S Mrs Nalini Parthiban. Researcher in FIT Principal,c o S Gomathinathan Vanavani Matric Hr Sec School. Chennai 600 101 IIT Campus Chennai 600 036,Tmt Meera Ravishankar M Arappan. 16 Karpagam Flats Professor Emeritus,Thiruvengadam Street Satchidananda Jothi Niketan.
R A Puram Chennai 600 028 Kallar Mettupalayam,K V Renganathan Mrs Anna George. Former Principal Principal,Govt Muslim TTI AMM Mai Hr Sec School. Triplicane Chennai 600005 Kotturpuram Chennai 600 085. Price Rs 24 50,This book has been prepared by The Directorate of. School Education on behalf of the Government of Tamilnadu. This book has been printed on 60 G S M paper,Printed by Web Offset at. Paari s Printers Chennai 600 002,THE NATIONAL ANTHEM.
FULL VERSION,Jana gana mana adhinayaka jaya he,Bharata bhagya vidhata. Punjaba Sindhu Gujarata Maratha,Dravida Utkala Banga. Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga,Uchchhala jaladhi taranga. Tava Subha name jage,Tava Subha asisa mage,Gahe tavajaya gatha. Jana gana mangala dayaka jaya he,Bharata bhagya vidhata.
Jaya he jaya he jaya he,J aya jaya jaya jaya he,SHORT VERSION. Jana gana mana adhinayaka jaya he,Bharata bhagya vidhata. Jaya he jaya he jaya he,Jaya jaya jaya jaya he,AUTHENTIC ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF. THE NATIONAL ANTHEM,Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people. Thou dispenser of India s destiny,Thy name rouses the hearts of the Punjab Sind.
Gujarat and Maratha of Dravid Orissa and Bengal, It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas. mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganges,and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea. They pray for Thy blessings and sing Thy praise,The saving of all people waits in Thy hand. Thou dispenser of India s destiny,Victory Victory Victory to Thee. THE NATIONAL INTEGRATION PLEDGE, I solemnly pledge to work with dedication to preserve and.
strengthen the freedom and integrity of the nation. 1 further affirm that I shall never resort to violence and that all. differences and disputes relating to religion language region or other. political or economic grievances should be settled by peaceful and. constitutional means,INVOCATION TO GODDESS TAMIL, Bharat is like the face beauteous of Earth clad in wavy seas. Deccan is her brow crescent like on which the fragrant Tilak. the blessed Dravidian land, Like the fragrance of that Tilak plunging the world in joy supreme. reigns Goddess Tamil with renown spread far and wide. Praise unto You Goddess Tamil whose majestic youthfulness. inspires awe and ecstasy, English language has functioned in India for two hundred years. In spite of it language teaching and learning have made a poor show. There has been an appreciable fall in the standard of English A student. passes out of the school with nine years and in some cases twelve. years of English in his kit stutters and stumbles when it comes to effective. communication spoken and written using English Those who think. they are better off cannot even indicate the functional difference between. such ordinary forms as it s and its or conscience and conscious In. most cases either they don t communicate or when they speak they. talk like old books Writing is still worse Their writing is full of infelicities. and illogicalities like I am in very good health and hope you are also in. the same boat Such ignorant usages as he denies me to get and I ll. tell you cut and right are universal and flourishingly enough to be worth. mentioning as we could see the marked deterioration in the use of this. There is neither facility nor accuracy in both forms of the language. spoken and written Their grammar is shaky pronunciation is sloppy. and they fell challenged and threatened because they think which is. true that their personal vocabulary which includes phrases and idioms. is inadequate for interacting with people belonging to different fields. and to convey their requirements and needs through writing. The students are not to blame nor the teachers faulted The. system and perhaps the syllabus and the source books have failed them. Good communication is more than a matter of grammar structure and. combination of words The skills have not been adequately provisioned. They are given hypothetical abstract sentences far removed from their. real life and language world We have given our children everything in. language except the one thing they need most Communicative Ability. It is high time we set the record right, In this highly competitive and complex world the difference. between success and failure is often their ability to communicate clearly. and effectively If you have no communicative ability I don t think. whatever else you do will matter much, The specific fields may read a little technical That should not.
deter the teachers and students from concentrating on these units. For certain words passive vocabulary the meanings have. been given The students should infer the meaning from the context in. which they have been used, This book has been made in consultation with cross sections of. teachers and students and after assessing their linguistic requirement in. specific fields, In this book the children are given enough input in language skills. so as to help them deal effectively in society in all possible situations. and with all professionals A special feature of this book is that it deals. elaborately with the registers belonging to different fields Hope this. book will provide the children with the necessary motivation to improve. refine and consolidate and build on whatever language they already. have with them Both the teachers and the students are in for an exciting. but exacting linguistic journey through the book, Note Teachers are requested to refer to the Appendix for the. listening tasks given under English for specific fields and purposes. Overall Reviewer,MAIN MODULES Page,1 ENGLISH FOR SOCIAL PURPOSES. Functions in English 1,English for all purposes and seasons 27.
Glossary and Pronounciation 66,English for Specific purposes and Fields 74. Pronounciation 194,2 ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES. Within the Classroom 199,Communicative Grammar 217. 3 ENGLISH FOR OCCUPATIONAL,PURPOSES 247,4 ENGLISH FOR CREATIVE PURPOSES 273. SUPPLEMENTARY MODULES 292,1 Letters 293,2 Usage 308.
3 Phrasal Verbs 330,4 Phonetic Symbols 341,APPENDIX 343. MAIN MODULES,ENGLISH FOR SOCIAL,FUNCTIONS IN ENGLISH. Communicative English, The phrase Communicative English refers to that English which. helps us to communicate effectively with people using language functions. What are Language Functions, Language functions are the purposes for which we use specific. expressions utterances phrases when we speak or write Some. examples of language functions are Asking someone for his her likes and. dislikes expressing our thanks to one who has helped us etc For. making a request we may use one of the following expressions. Could you tell me where the post office is,Tell me where the post office is.
Both these sentences convey the message The first one carries. something of the speaker s cultured behaviour that is being polite. Thus the expressions we use speak about the culture of the speaker. There are a number of expressions for a particular function For. inviting someone to a party we can use one of the following expressions. 1 I d like you to attend my birthday party this evening. 2 Why don t you attend my birthday party this evening. 3 I should be delighted if you could attend my birthday party. this evening, Of the three expressions the first one can be used to a person. just known to you a sort of neutral situation the second your intimate. friend an informal situation and the third to your employer or someone highly. respectable a formal situation, Along with these three kinds of situations we need to consider the. following four main factors before using an expression. The setting Where you are and when you speak,The topic What you are talking about. Your social relationship Who you are talking to,Your social relationship Who you are talking to. Your attitude What you feel about the topic or the other person. All the four factors combine to influence the way we speak The. table below shows how these four factors match with the tree situations. INFORMAL NEUTRAL FORMAL,Setting restaurant bus stop shop principal s.
reception room,ceremonial,Topic cricket match weather travel important. a TV comedy official matter,Social friend child close stranger co senior. Relationship colleague passenger taxi colleague,driver department. Attitude relaxed light no strong very serious,hearted feeling either. Language Thanks Thank you It s very kind,Thanks a lot of you Sir.
I m immensely,grateful to you,FUNCTIONS DEALT WITH IN THIS MODULE. Introducing oneself,Introducing others and responding to introduction. Taking leave of thers,Wishing others on various occasions. Congratulating,Thanking and responding to thanks,Regretting and responding lo regret. Offering and accepting,Expressing likes and dislikes.
What is the first step to promote fraternal feelings among. Shall we introduce one another,II LET S ROLE PLAY,Listen to Nagesh introducing his cousin Suresh to. Nagesh Hello Suresh how are you greeting,Suresh Fine Thank you How are you. Nagesh I am fine too responding to greeting,Benjamin meet. Mr Suresh my cousin Suresh meet my friend, Suresh How do you do responding to first introduction. Benjamin How do you do, Nagesh Benjamin yesterday I saw your brother going to.
St Martha s hospital What s the matter, Benjamin My father has been admitted there He had a mild. heart attack,Nagesh How sad It s very unfortunate expressing. Suresh Oh How is he now, Benjamin He s still in the ICU But the doctor says that there is. nothing to worry,Suresh Thank God expressing relief. Nagesh I wish him a speedy recovery Hope he ll get well. Benjamin I hope so too See you later,Suresh See you Bye.
Nagesh See you again Bye taking leave,III FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION. The following two expressions do not mean die same. 1 How are you and 2 How do you do, 1 While speaking to a familiar person we ask How are. you and the response will be I am fine, 2 When a person is introduced to a stranger he she will say. How do you do The response is also How do you do, Other ways of strangers greeting each other is to say glad. pleased nice to meet you,When someone is in distress we say How sad.
When someone is sick we say Wish you him speedy, Between Iriends saying How are you itself becomes a. form of greeting,IV ORAL PRACTICE,Amit Ramesh have you met Mr Praveen. Praveen this is Ramesh my classmate,Praveen Pleased to meet you Ramesh. Ramesh Nice to meet you Praveen, Shruthi I d like you to meet Miss Sarala She s a teacher. at Vidya Nikethan,Vimala Pleased to meet you My name is Vimala.
Sarala It s niceiomeet you,Akhil Let me introduce my friend Kumar to you. Kumar meet Mr Sekar my business partner,Kumar How do you do. Sekar How do you do,Rajni Have you met Balu before. Mohamed I don t think I have met him,Rajni Balu this is Mohammed my colleague. Balu Pleased to meet you,Mohammed Pleased to meet you.
TASK 1 You and your brother meet Mr Shankar your father s. colleague and his wife while shopping You introduce. Mr Shankar to your brother and he introduces his wife. to you Write a conversation for this situation and. practise it, TASK 2 With the help of your teacher identify the functions. dealt with in this unit and write dialogues for each. function Classify them as formal informal and,Discuss the answers for the following questions. How will you request your teacher to explain a point again. You are visiting Delhi for the first time How will you ask a. policeman where the Parliament House is, How will you ask your friend for the date of reopening of. his her school,II LET S ROLE PLAY,Listen to the conversation. At the Library,Praveen Good afternoon Madam greeting.
Librarian Good afternoon Praveen What can I do for you. offering to help, Praveen I need to get some information on animal cells. Librarian What is it for Praveen, Praveen I have to make a presentation of animal cells in the. seminar next week,Librarian That s fine appreciating a proposal. Praveen Could you tell me where I can get it Madam. making a polite request,Librarian Look at that last cupboard It s marked. Praveen Do you mean the one next to the LITERATURE. Librarian Exactly There are a number of encyclopaedias in that. cupboard You will find there Children s Science,Encyclopaedia That s the right book for your.
Praveen Oh I see May I borrow it for a day or two,asking for permission. communication spoken and written using English Those who think they are better off cannot even indicate the functional difference between such ordinary forms as it s and its or conscience and conscious In most cases either they don t communicate or when they speak they talk like old books W riting is still worse Their writing is full of infelicities and illogicalities like I am

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