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1 INTRODUCTION, 1 The European Commission presented in January 2009 a Communication on the. strategic goals and recommendations for the EU s maritime transport policy until. 20181 2009 Communication Set in the broader context of the EU Transport. Policy2 and the EU Integrated Maritime Policy3 it defined the main strategic. objectives of the European maritime transport policy until 2018 and. recommended actions in several areas4 pertaining to maritime transport. 2 Since then several developments have affected the maritime sector The decade. that preceded the 2009 Communication saw a rapid growth of the world. economy a rapid development of globalisation and widespread outsourcing of. production As 80 of global trade in terms of tonnage is transported by sea the. demand for maritime transport services expanded beyond any expectation. placing huge pressure on available capacities in 2008 freight rates reached. historical peaks and world shipyards received record orders Only one year later. however the market outlook was very different, 3 The crisis that hit the economy in 2009 brought about a drastic reduction of. transport volumes5 at a time when a wave of newly built vessels was beginning to. enter the market In just a few years a large overcapacity built up intensifying. the already strong competition in the market and triggering a process of. concentration and vertical integration of operators Nowadays ports and the. maritime industry compete as part of entire supply chains To strengthen their. position a great number of top container shipping companies are integrating. vertically with port terminals hinterland logistic operators and shipping. 4 Larger vessels are being built to reap economies of scale and profit for. technological advances7 horizontal alliances and agreements are being formed to. better exploit them The handling of bigger ships together with other trends such. COM 2009 8 final http eur lex europa eu legal content EN TXT PDF uri CELEX 52009DC0008 from EN. COM 2006 314 22 6 2006,COM 2007 575 10 10 2007, The areas under 2009 Communication i European shipping in globalized markets ii Human resources iii. Quality shipping iv international scene v short sea shipping vi research and innovation. World trade had declined by more than 11 in 2009 Source UN DESA and Project Link. Study on the Analysis and Evolution of International and EU Shipping Source Panteia PWC TPR Sep 2015. http ec europa eu transport modes maritime studies doc 2015 sept study internat eu shipping final pdf. The average size of newly built container vessels had been oscillating around approximately 3 400 TEU between. 2001 and 2008 but increased significantly since then reaching a mean of 5 800 between 2009 and 2013 The. average size of a newly built containership has soared to approximately 8 000 TEUs in 2015 Source The impact. of mega ships OECD ITF 2015, as the need for greener operations leads to new investments in port infrastructure. which in turn calls for a regulatory framework that guarantees legal certainty for. investors transparency of public funding to ensure fair competition and efficient. use and non discriminatory access to services, 5 More concentrated volumes of cargo as well as the need to remain competitive.
vis vis other modes of transport also necessitate speedier execution of. formalities and better coordination of logistic operations8 Digitalisation is. considered by the majority of respondents to the consultation on a Mid Term. Review of the EU Maritime Transport Strategy9 the public consultation to be. crucial in simplifying administrative processes enabling efficient management of. freight flows through exchange of information on cargo infrastructure and. 6 The economic crisis has also reduced the resources of public administrations with. responsibilities in the field of maritime safety and security Modernisation of. procedures and sharing of assets and information can help all actors involved in. gaining efficiency while maintaining high standards. 7 Increased pressure on environmental resources has already required corrective. actionto contribute to the greening of shipping By way of example reference. may be made to recent legislation on sulphur emissions Such measures have to. be seen against the background of current low oil prices which lower the. incentives for industry to invest into alternative energies and new technologies. 8 The patterns of global trade are changing with larger volumes being transported. between emerging economies New intercontinental routes influence the. competitive position of ports and carriers A 2015 Study on the Analysis and. Evolution of International and EU Shipping10 underlines that the presence of the. EU shipping industries in new markets must be encouraged and supported. 9 As a result of new vessel technology crews are becoming smaller and must. acquire new skills Social partners11 have emphasised the need to attract and train. a sufficient number of EU seafarers to avoid the EU maritime cluster being. deprived of staff with the right mix of skills and competences. Administrative procedures and integration in the logistic chain are among the main factors that influence the. competitiveness of intra EU maritime transport See for example study on Analysis of recent trends in EU. shipping and analysis and policy support to improve the competitiveness of short sea shipping in the EU. Source COWI June 2015 http ec europa eu transport modes maritime studies doc 2015 june study sss. Public consultation on a Mid Term Review of the EU Maritime Transport Strategy Consultation period. 28 01 2015 22 04 2015 http ec europa eu transport modes maritime consultations 2015 mts review en htm. Cf footnote 6, Joint ECSA ETF position on EU maritime strategy mid term review http www etf europe org files extranet. 75 44919 Maritime 20Strategy 20Mid pdf, 10 All these developments are relatively new and may represent challenges for. policy makers and market operators In the public consultation recurrent themes. raised by stakeholders and national maritime administrations are ensuring. effective competition and choice for shippers while avoiding that the search for. efficiency and fewer resources are to the detriment of safety quality shipping and. working conditions for the crew directing infrastructure investments where they. add most value for the EU transport system boosting efficiency through. digitalisation and administrative simplification promoting green technologies and. decarbonisation of EU shipping retaining and creating new jobs decent working. conditions and skills in the EU and gaining better access to third countries. 11 Since 2009 a number of legislative and non legislative initiatives have been. adopted with a number of ongoing actions Others may be needed to address. current challenges However the intention of this staff working document is to set. out and report on developments in the EU s Maritime Transport Strategy of 2009. following a number of preparatory studies and consultations12. 2 SAFETY SECURITY A PRIORITY CONCERN,2 1 Objectives Accomplishments. 12 The 2009 Communication highlighted the need to give priority to the enforcement. of existing EU and international rules and to speedy implementation of measures. introduced with the 3rd Maritime Safety Package It also aimed at the revision of. the mandate and functioning of the European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA to. further enhance its technical and scientific assistance capability. 13 The mandate of EMSA was revised in 201313 enhancing existing tasks and. adding new ones In particular EMSA was mandated to assist countries applying. for accession to the Union and neighbourhood states as well as to extend the. coverage of its anti pollution means from shipping activities to oil and gas. installations A new multi annual envelope of 160 5 million was decided in 2014. for the response to pollution caused by ships and offshore oil and gas. installations, 14 With the 3rd Maritime Safety Package adopted in 2009 the EU now has one of. the world s most stringent legislative frameworks covering the entire chain of. responsibility in the maritime sector One of the pillars of this framework is the. reinforcement of flag State compliance to ensure that Member States effectively. Preparatory work for the Mid Term Review included i A public consultation launched from 28 January until 22. April 2015 ii The collection of the views of the Member States maritime administrations through a. questionnaire later discussed at a meeting of the EU Maritime Directors and iii two external studies on. international maritime transport and on Short Sea Shipping cf footnote 6 and 8. OJ L 39 15 01 2013 p 30 40 Regulation EU No 100 2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council. amending Regulation EC No 1406 2002 establishing a European Maritime Safety Agency. and consistently discharge their obligations as flag States making the voluntary. IMO flag State audit scheme mandatory for all EU Member States since 2009. and requiring all flag administrations to implement and maintain a quality. management system certified in accordance with international standards In. situations where Member States delegate work to recognised organisations. classification societies this includes the key aspect of monitoring the. performance of their work The Commission through the inspection programme. carried out by EMSA periodically assesses the major existing classification. societies which classify and control safety of more than 90 of the world s cargo. carrying tonnage and are recognised at EU level against the stringent safety. oriented quality criteria provided in EU legislation. 15 Another pillar of the EU framework for maritime safety is Port State Control. Since 2009 the Commission has assisted the Member States in the. implementation of a new risk based approach to inspections Persistently. substandard vessels can be banned from European waters14 EMSA provides all. Member States as well as Norway Russia and Canada as members of the Paris. Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control with technical support on. the new inspection regime and operates the system for targeting vessels and. reporting of results THETIS database, 16 As for the responsibilities of coastal states the Union Maritime Information.
and Exchange System SafeSeaNet is today fully operational and covers all. European coastal waters tracks 12 000 ships day and receives and records. 100 000 000 ship AIS positions per month This enables early identification of. high risk vessels earlier precautionary actions and improved emergency. response to incidents or pollution including search and rescue operations and. places of refuges for ships in need of assistance Following the changes brought. in 201415 there is today an operational integrated information management. system in place operated by EMSA the Integrated Maritime System and. Services based on SafeSeaNet LRIT AIS and SAT AIS and CleanSeaNet 16. which is also used by other EU Agencies, 17 Following the accident of the MSC Flaminia container vessel in 2012 the. Commission with the assistance of EMSA has been particularly active in. facilitating a constructive dialogue including table top exercises with national. authorities and industry stakeholders this led to the adoption by the relevant. expert group of the EU Guidelines on Places of Refuge in November 201517. A list of ships currently banned can be found at the following link https www parismou org detentions. banning current bannings, Commission Directive 2014 100 EU of 28 October 2014 amending Directive 2002 59 EC of the European. Parliament and of the Council establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system. http www emsa europa eu operations maritime monitoring html. http ec europa eu transport modes maritime digital services doc por operational guidelines pdf. This process has also been met with considerable interest at international level. with a view to improving the respective IMO Guidelines18 following the EU. model of cooperation, 18 For accidents investigations the focus has been on making sure that EU. legislation has been properly implemented checking whether Member States. have established an independent investigative body provided for a system of. safety focused investigation systems drawn up commonly structured. investigation reports and encode the necessary information in the European. Marine Casualty Information Database hosted in EMSA This database is a. powerful instrument to draw lessons from maritime accidents and to derive policy. proposals based on empirical evidence, 19 On passenger ship safety the focus has been on improving the effectiveness. efficiency and proportionality of some of the regulatory requirements In this. respect the Commission adopted on 6 June 2016 a number of legislative. proposals19 to simplify and improve the common rules on safety of ships carrying. passengers in EU waters The review is a response to lessons learnt including. from accidents and technological developments It aims inter alia at allowing. immediate access of competent authorities to relevant data in case of emergency. ensuring that search and rescue operations are performed more effectively. 20 Regarding liability and compensation for damages by shipping activities the. Commission has published in March 2016 a report20 on the application of. Directive 2009 20 EC21 on the insurance of ship owners for maritime claims. SWD 2016 326 final COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT on the implementation of the EU Maritime Transport Strategy 2009 2018 2 1 INTRODUCTION 1 The European Commission presented in January 2009 a Communication on the strategic goals and recommendations for the EU s maritime transport policy until 20181 2009 Communication Set in the broader context of the EU Transport Policy2 and

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