Child Safeguarding Guidance for Journalists

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Introduction 4,Section One Key principles 5,Provisions 6. International Federation of Journalists 7,Personal conduct 8. Section Two Good practice and safeguarding considerations 9. Planning and preparation 10,Legal and ethical issues 11. Accessing child respondents 11,The best interest of the child 12. Risk assessment 12,Informed consent 13,We respect your rights 13.
Interviewing children 14,Engaging and communicating with children 14. Interviewing children checklist 15, International Federation of Journalists Guidelines 17. Photography and videos 18,Section Three Reporting and responding to child. protection concerns 19,Reporting child safeguarding issues 20. Reporting immediately 20,Threshold for reporting 20.
Example reporting protocol for children known to be at risk 21. Principles 21,Confidentiality and reporting 21,Support 22. Maintaining anonymity 23,Storage of data relating to child protection 23. Child Safeguarding Training 23, ID police checks and other background checks for journalists 23. Procedures where a breach of the child safeguarding policy by the journalist. is suspected or alleged 24,List of contacts 24, Support for journalists and rewards for participants 25. Provision of support for investigators journalists 25. Reward recognition of child respondents 25, Checklist for Keeping Children Safe during the project 26.
Acknowledgements 27, hildren on the move are children who Under the UN Convention on the Rights of the. have left home They are on the way to a Child governments are obliged to protect all. new destination or have already reached children including children on the move In. it They are accompanied or alone They are order for these children to find an alternative. nomads asylum seekers refugees or in street based on their best interest they need to be. situation They have left home to escape pover listened to. ty violence or disaster,The Committee of the Rights of the Child. Among these children are those who have been states that children on the move are among. sent away by force by their parents those who the marginalised and disadvantaged children. have been kidnapped or trafficked and who whom are less likely to have their views heard. frequently end up exploited and abused and taken into account by authorities and. policy makers Some are given the opportunity, 33 million of them have migrated abroad and to express their views at various international. millions of others within their own country In conferences however it remains true that they. the coming years the number of children and are often taken lightly A human rights approach. youth on the move is going to rise to children on the move makes it a high priority. to find out what these views are and to take,Children have the right to move but by doing. them into account1,so their rights are often violated The public.
opinion tends to perceive them as a threat They Listen to me is the motto of the currently. are frequently subject to neglect prosecution running Destination Unknown International. or unsafe return Children on the move rarely Campaign to protect children on the move2. have access to basic services guaranteeing the Media have the power to listen and report to. fulfilment of their fundamental rights such as give these children a voice and convey their. schooling social services healthcare sanita message. tion recreation centres psychosocial support,Moreover millions of them are put in detention. because of their migrant status Their needs and,interests are largely absent from the preoccupa. tion of public authorities and their voices remain. 1 What can you do to protect children on the move Mike Dottridge Published 2012 by the Terre des. Hommes International Federation, 2 Destination Unknown is an international campaign to protect children on the move led by Terre des. 4 4 Hommes International Federation its member organisations and partners more on page 27. The Destination Unknown partners 3 hereafter of harm In general terms this means ensuring. referred as partner organisations consider high standards of personal conduct as well. child abuse unacceptable in all circumstances as being vigilant about the conduct of others. and are committed to ensure that all possible towards children this could mean conduct of. and necessary steps are taken to protect the other staff and associates or other people not. rights of children and to ensure their well being connected to Terre des Hommes or its partners. In accordance with the United National Conven e g family members adults or other children in. tion on the Rights of a Child 1989 a child is the community. defined as a person below the age of 18,Should you develop any concerns regarding. It is the responsibility of all staff and associ possible or actual harm to children you are. ates including journalists for the purpose of duty bound to report these in line with local. this guide journalists refers to written film reporting procedures. and photo to protect children from all forms, Partner organisations uphold the Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC and.
the following five principles, I Rights of the child exposed are identified and minimised right. Anyone working for or with a partner organisa from the planning stage of its activities through. tion must respect and promote the Rights of to their implementation. the Child In particular he she must protect, the right of every beneficiary to live in safety IV Responsibility of everyone. free from the risk of abuse or exploitation All Successful implementation of the child safe. staff must always act in guarding policy depends on the individual and. collective responsibility of all those who work for. or with a partner organisation It is duty bound, II Zero tolerance to ensure that all partner organisations and. Partner organisations will not tolerate any form associates respect the requirements set out in. of ill treatment of its programme beneficiaries the present child safeguarding policy in their. especially children by those working for or with own programmes. it and will take whatever steps may be neces, sary in the case of a failure to abide by the child V The duty to report. safeguarding policy Any suspected or actual breach of the present. child safeguarding policy must be reported, III Risk management without delay to the line manager or designated.
Partner organisations ensure that any risks of person Strict confidentiality will be maintained. ill treatment or harm to which children may be throughout the process. 3 For details about the partners http destination unknown org about partners. The International Federation of Journalists 8 avoid the use of sexualised images of. recommends 4 that journalists and media organi children. sations shall strive to maintain the highest stan, dards of ethical conduct in reporting children s 9 use fair open and straightforward. affairs and in particular they shall methods for obtaining pictures and where. possible obtain them with the knowledge, 1 strive for standards of excellence in terms and consent of children or a responsible. of accuracy and sensitivity when reporting adult guardian or carer. on issues involving children,10 verify the credentials of any organisation. 2 avoid programming and publication of purporting to speak for or to represent the. images which intrude upon the media interests of children. space of children with information which, is damaging to them 11 not make payment to children for material. involving the welfare of children or to, 3 avoid the use of stereotypes and sensati parents or guardians of children unless it.
onal presentation to promote journalistic is demonstrably in the interest of the child. material involving children,Journalists should put to critical examination. 4 consider carefully the consequences of the reports submitted and the claims made. publication of any material concerning by Governments on implementation of the UN. children and minimise harm to children Convention on the Rights of the Child in their. respective countries,5 guard against visually or otherwise iden. tifying children unless it is demonstrably Media should not consider and report the. in the public interest conditions of children only as events but should. continuously report the process likely to lead or, 6 give children where possible the right leading to the occurrence of these events. of access to media to express their own,opinions without inducement of any kind. 7 ensure independent verification of,information provided by children and take.
special care to ensure that verification ta,kes place without putting child informants. 4 P utting Children in the Right Guidelines for Journalists Published January 2002 by the International. Federation of Journalists 7 7, Partner organisations have codes of conduct for O ffer children the chance to visit the country. staff and associates The key points for journa of residence of journalist. lists to focus on are that it is prohibited to5,A rrange to stay overnight with a child or. U se language make suggestions or offer their family. advice that is inappropriate offensive or, abusive I ntroduce other visitors to the community. without prior clearance from the relevant, B ehave physically in a manner that is inap partner organisation.
propriate or sexually provocative,R eturn to the community without going. C ondone or participate in behaviour with through the standard visit process with the. children that is illegal unsafe or abusive relevant organisation. A ct in ways intended to shame humiliate Breaches of the code of conduct may result in. belittle or degrade children or engage in any serious consequences including termination of. form of emotional abuse contract and possible civil action or referral for. criminal investigation,D evelop physical and or sexual relations. with children All staff members are trained on child safeguar. ding so check with them on any situation where, D evelop relationships with children that you are uncertain of what behaviour is appropri. could in any way be deemed exploitative or ate or if you want to report a concern. S pend time alone with children away from,F ondle hold hug kiss or touch children in a. culturally insensitive way,E xchange personal contact details with.
8 8 5 Based on Child safeguarding policy for Visitors Terre des Hommes. From the outset it is important to plan for serve a variety of purposes including. and anticipate situations that might present sensitisation review and interpretation. risk and therefore need to be addressed The These discussions can serve the dual purpose. following ethical principles and safeguarding of improving adherence to ethical standards. considerations represent a good starting point and improving the quality of the information. for planning and should inform ongoing activity 6 gathered. B alance the need to maximise children s I f there is any question about whether the. participation by hearing their own opinions data collection could be harmful to children. on the issues affecting their lives with the only begin the activity if services are in. need to minimise their exposure to harm place to address possible consequences. If the information gathering activity is, C areful advance planning is crucial not associated with a service prepare. Journalists are responsible for thinking referral information for children to reach. through all possible consequences both the required support Do not conduct the. intentional and unintentional of the activity without functional support systems. information gathering activity and for in place,anticipating the effect of the activity on. children and their families If appropriate Some of these considerations will be dealt. safeguards cannot be put into place the with in subsequent sections In addition to. activity should not proceed advance discussions with communities in this. case talking with children and their families, D iscussions should be held with local communities where it is safe to do so having. community members including children and preparatory conversations with staff who are. adolescents whenever possible Community working with the children will be important to. meetings at different stages of the ensure all safeguarding risks and issues are. information gathering activity can identified and mitigated against. 6 Adapted from Schenk Katie and Jan Williamson 2005 Ethical Approaches to Gathering Information from. Children and Adolescents in International Settings Guidelines and Resources Washington DC Population. 10 10 Council, The conduct of those who gather information In relation to this research it will be. from children and adolescents is governed by particularly important to make sure that local. both legal and ethical requirements Adults laws are followed and local definitions are used. working with children may be subject to multiple especially for the process of gaining informed. legal codes governing their behaviour These consent. codes may include those of the country of the,organisation managing the activity the country.
funding the activity and the country where the,activity is taking place. Access to child respondents should be arranged There may be tensions between producing good. and facilitated by the staff of the relevant material for the research and the best interests. It is the responsibility of all staff and associ ates including journalists for the purpose of this guide journalists refers to written film and photo to protect children from all forms of harm In general terms this means ensuring high standards of personal conduct as well as being vigilant about the conduct of others towards children this could mean conduct of other staff

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