CERTIFICATE IN BOTANICAL ART AND ILLUSTRATION HANDBOOK

Certificate In Botanical Art And Illustration Handbook-PDF Download

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The North Carolina Botanical Garden NCBG is pleased to offer a Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration that. enables students to explore the relationship of nature and art The Garden s mission. To inspire understanding appreciation and conservation of plants in gardens and natural areas and to. advance a sustainable relationship between people and nature. The Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration program s mission. To provide a well balanced curriculum of scientific and art theory and practice that enables students to explore. the relationship of plants and visual art with botanical proficiency and appreciation of the plant world. WATERCOLOR KATHY SCHERMER GRAMM, The NCBG Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration program began in 2001 and we are grateful for the. contributions of Dot Wilbur Brooks and Karen Wiley Eberle in making it a reality This handbook is a collaborative. effort by members of the NCBG Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration Advisory Committee and includes. contributions from Sue Aldworth a former faculty member Nancy Easterling NCBG Director of Education Joanne. Lott Susan Turbak and Kay Wyche The illustrations are the work of past and present faculty members Linda. Koffenberger Kate Lagaly Patricia Savage Kathy Schermer Gramm and Dot Wilbur Brooks. TABLE OF CONTENTS,1 INTRODUCTION 4 4 COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 18. 1 1 Guidelines for Botanical Art and 4 1 Core Courses 18. Illustration 4,4 2 Electives 21,1 2 Differentiation of Botanical Art and. 4 3 Open Studio 22,Botanical Illustration 5, 1 3 Media Used in Botanical Art and 5 PROGRAM COMPLETION 23. Illustration 7,5 1 Graduation Requirements 23,1 4 Botanical Art and Illustration.
Foundations 9 5 2 Graduation Deadlines 23,5 3 Independent Final Project 23. 2 GENERAL PROGRAM INFORMATION 10 5 4 Digital Images 24. 2 1 Program Policy 11 5 5 Written Statement and Support. 2 2 Semester Course Calendar 11 Material 24, 2 3 Program Registration 11 5 6 Exhibit Guidelines 25. 2 4 Enrollment Confirmation 11,6 BECOMING A PROFESSIONAL 26. 2 5 Cancellation Policy 11,6 1 Framing Your Work 26. 2 6 Refund Policy 11,6 2 Pricing Your Work 26,2 7 Credit for Previous Classes 12.
6 3 Portfolio 26,2 8 Attendance Policy 12, 2 9 Transcript 12 7 FACULTY AND CORE COURSES LEARNING. OBJECTIVES 28,3 CURRICULUM 13 7 1 Faculty 28,3 1 Core Courses Listing 13. 7 2 Core Course Learning Objectives 29,3 2 Electives Listing 13. 3 3 Not for Credit Short Courses and Master 8 ADDENDUM 32. Courses 14 8 1 Brief List of Art Suppliers 32, 3 4 Consolidated Listing 14 8 2 Additional Botanical Illustration. 3 5 Sample Course Sequence 15 Programs 32, 3 6 Homework Assignments 16 8 3 Professional Associations 32.
3 7 Standards for Grades 17 8 4 Brief History of Botanical Illustration 32. 8 5 History and Mission of the North Carolina,Botanical Garden 34. 1 INTRODUCTION, The North Carolina Botanical Garden is a university affiliated botanical garden with an outstanding reputation for. integrating a conservation ethic into all of its programs We are the region s most comprehensive center of knowledge. about plants in North Carolina and the southeastern United States and we provide a broad audience with inspirational. experiences opportunities for health and wellness through outdoor activities and educational programs within a. science based institution It is the Garden s vision to have a profound influence on how people value and interact with. the environment and the biologically diverse world The Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration program helps the. Garden realize that vision, This handbook is organized in seven parts Sections 1 through 7 provide introductory information and outline the. details of the NCBG Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration program Section 8 consists of additional information. relevant to the program,1 1 GUIDELINES FOR BOTANICAL ART AND ILLUSTRATION. The constant interplay between art and science is what appeals most to many students in the NCBG Certificate in. Botanical Art and Illustration program, Since the 1980s there has been a worldwide resurgence of interest in original botanical illustrations and botanical.
art not only for private and public collections but also for use in the wider marketplace such as for home d cor and. select stationery lines Renderings of plants are grouped into three main genres botanical illustration botanical art and. floral art The first two can be said to exist along a continuum rather than in separate camps because both botanical. illustrators and botanical artists are challenged with trying to integrate the utilitarian scientific function of an image. identification education information with aesthetic and visual considerations. Scientific botanical illustrations are usually created to accompany descriptive texts such as journal articles. textbooks field guides and popular magazines where the image functions primarily to provide information and. educate the viewer Accuracy of form color and size is imperative because both professionals and novices need to be. able to identify the plant or plant parts from the illustration The plant is traditionally drawn to scale so that all the. parts correctly relate to one another in size The most conventional scientific botanical illustrations generally appear on. white backgrounds to favor true color representation for identification purposes but some illustrations include plant. habitat details or colored backgrounds A typical botanical plate produced for journal publishing usually depicts a single. plant specimen but the scope of an illustration can range from showing one leaf to including various cross sections. flowering and fruiting bodies leaves bark roots seasonal variations such as autumn colors and even more than one. Although a botanist or horticulturist often dictates which parts of the plant will be illustrated the illustrator must. make careful visual choices to determine how those parts will be rendered and composed on the page An uncolored. line drawing in graphite or pen and ink provides the most clarity and detail and is still the best way to describe newly. discovered species but botanical illustrations may also be done in color water media or colored pencil The illustrator. usually has access to live plants pressed herbarium specimens and a microscope for viewing small parts such as. reproductive structures capsule chambers or leaf pubescence. In botanical art more emphasis may be placed on aesthetic considerations and the artist has more freedom to make. personal visual choices to draw the viewer in and evoke an emotional response Although the plant parts in the image. may be arranged more pleasingly for compositional reasons the draftsmanship and final artistic representation must. remain true to the character and growth habit of the plant In botanical art the plant is still drawn to scale and a. botanical professional examining the image should be able to identify the species and find no anatomical inaccuracies. In the third genre floral art also known as flower painting the image is created primarily for visual impact and is. based on the artist s personal interpretation of the plant without consideration for accuracy in color form size or. other scientific characteristics This genre which may include still life and abstract painting therefore falls beyond the. scope of the core courses of the Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration program. 1 2 DIFFERENTIATION OF BOTANICAL ILLUSTRATION AND BOTANICAL ART. EXAMPLE OF BOTANICAL ILLUSTRATION PEN AND INK KATHY SCHERMER GRAMM. BOTANICAL ILLUSTRATION,Plants must be botanically accurate. Plants are presented against a plain white background or pale flat wash. Plants are floating with no means of support depicted. Plants are not cropped,Plants are evenly lit from the upper left. No cast shadows, No part of the plant is allowed to go out of focus. Distant or peripheral structures of the plant can be faded out to direct the viewer s eye to the focal point or. important botanical structures, Plants are usually depicted as a full habit a full stem or branch of the plant. Details are shown as callouts arranged around the habit at a variety of magnifications that best show off the. structures depicted with scale bars for reference, Plants can be edited by removing leaves or other structures in the interest of clarifying the illustration as long.
as the fact of the editing is made apparent in the piece ie by leaving leaf scars showing cuts etc. Painterly qualities such as brushstrokes tidemarks spatters etc are discouraged since these could be interpreted. as a plant part, Plants are usually painted from live specimens to allow for maximum study of structures. When used the placement of scientific name should be planned with the composition. Student s signature should be planned with the composition. The composition holds together better if one or two species used Can use disparate subjects but should have a. common theme For example a common theme could be pinecones orchids variegated foliage or different types. The attachment points of leaves flowers and other plant parts needs to be illustrated For example this would. include the back and front of a flower, Roots buds seeds fruit dissection and microscopic view may be included Generally but definitely not always. they arranged to reflect how the plant grows Roots can be at bottom seeds at top. The Garden highly recommends that plants native of Southeastern USA be depicted. Under no circumstances will exotic invasive species be allowed See http ncbg unc edu invasive plants. resources for more detail,EXAMPLE OF BOTANICAL ART WATERCOLOR KATE LAGALY. BOTANICAL ART,Plants must be botanically accurate, Plants can be shown against a white or colored background or in the context of a habitat or landscape. Plants can be cropped in any way cutting off some or much of the botanical context. Sections of the plant can go out of focus, Plants can be lit from any direction cast shadows are allowed and these shadows can obscure the viewer s.
ability to make out portions of the plant The edges of the subject and shadow may be softened and appear to. merge together making it difficult to make out, Distant or peripheral structures of the plant can be faded out to direct the viewer s eye to the focal point or. important botanical structures, Artistic effect takes precedent over a simple botanical depiction of a plant. Painterly qualities such as brushstrokes tidemarks textures spatters etc are allowed and these painterly. qualities sometimes constitute the focal point of the piece. Colors and values can be exaggerated overly saturated or conversely underplayed for artistic effect. Either live plants or photos can be used as reference for the paintings. The Garden highly recommends that plants native of Southeastern USA be depicted. Under no circumstances will exotic invasive species be allowed See http ncbg unc edu invasive plants. resources for more detail,1 3 MEDIA USED IN BOTANICAL ART AND ILLUSTRATION. Graphite is another word for the pencil you use every day and is the first medium needed in the production of a. botanical illustration The illustrator prepares a graphite sketch of the specimen before beginning to translate it into. pen and ink watercolor or colored pencil Graphite is easy to use easy to alter and a great choice for the beginning. stages of creating a work of art Using graphite and an eraser the artist establishes a basic outline of the plant specimen. determines the shadows and color zones and resolves the final composition Graphite can also be used to create. beautifully rendered finished pieces suitable for framing. Graphite pencils come in a variety of hardness which are measured on a numerical scale from 9H to 9B H stands. for hard and B stands for soft or black The number preceding the letter H or B denotes the hardness or softness of. the pencil A 9H is very hard a 2H less hard a 2B soft and a 9B very soft The softer a pencil is the blacker a line it can. draw A very soft pencil will create a very dark line a very hard pencil will make only a light gray line Other media used. in the production of graphite drawings are various types of paper kneaded and vinyl erasers and blending stumps. also known as tortillon,PEN AND INK, Pen and ink is the most commonly used medium as well as the first for creating scientific botanical illustrations A. drawing rendered in ink is clear easy to read and easy to reproduce in printed herbals and field guides For this reason. it is important that all botanical illustrators master a variety of pen styles and techniques. There are two basic types of traditional pen and ink botanical illustrations the weighted line drawing and the. stippled drawing A weighted line drawing uses a crow quill pen the type you dip into a bottle of ink to produce a. variety of line thicknesses The thickness or thinness of each line helps describe the variations in texture of the plant. the way light falls on the specimen and how near or far each part of the plant is from the viewer s eye A stippled. drawing on the other hand uses hundreds if not thousands of tiny dots drawn with a technical pen The relative. density of these dots shows the plant s color shadow texture and distance from the viewer. Pen and ink drawings are usually rendered on plate finish Bristol board using waterproof black ink The artist uses. white ink acrylic paint or an X acto knife for corrections. The NCBG Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration program began in 2001 and we are grateful for the contributions of Dot Wilbur Brooks and Karen Wiley Eberle in making it a reality This handbook is a collaborative effort by members of the NCBG Certificate in Botanical Art and Illustration Advisory Committee and includes contributions from Sue Aldworth a former faculty member Nancy

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