CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY A CASE OF LIDETA SUB CITY

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CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY,A CASE OF LIDETA SUB CITY ADMINISTRATION REMAND. AND REHABILITATION CENTER OF ADDIS ABABA,PREPARED BY. SISAY ZEGEYE TESFAY,ENROLMENT NO ID1403760,MSW DISSERTATION PROJECT RESEARCH SUBMITTED TO. SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK OF THE INDIRA GANDHI,NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT. OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE OF MASTERS OF,ART IN SOCIAL WORK.
DECLARATION, I hereby declare that the dissertation entitled CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENY A CASE OF. LIDETA SUB CITY REMAND AND REHABILITATION CENTER OF ADDIS ABABA. Submitted by me for the partial fulfillment of the MSW to Indira Gandhi National Open. University IGNOU New Delhi is my own original work and has not been submitted earlier. either to IGNOU or to any other institution for the fulfillment of the requirement for any other. programme of study I also declare that no chapter of this manuscript in whole or in part is. lifted and incorporated in this report from any earlier work done by me or others. Place Signature,Date Enrolment No ID1403760,Name SISAY ZEGEYE TESFAY. Address ADDIS ABABA ETHIOPIA,CERTIFICATE,This is to certify that Mr. Student of MSW from Indira Gandhi National Open University New Delhi was working under. my supervision and guidance for his Project Work for the Course MSWP 001 His Project work. entitled CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENY A CASE OF LIDETA SUB CITY REMAND AND. REHABILITATION CENTER OF ADDIS ABABA which he is submitting is his genuine and original. Place Signature,Address of the supervisor,TABLE OF CONTENTS. Content Page,CHAPTER ONE,INTRODUCTION 1,1 1 Background of the Study 1.
1 2 Statement of the Problem 5,1 3 Research Questions 7. 1 4 Objectives of the Study 8,1 4 1 General Objective 8. 1 4 2 Specific Objective 8,1 5 Significance of the Study 8. 1 6 Scope of the Study 9,1 7 Limitations of the Study 9. 1 8 Operational Definitions 9,1 9 Chapter Plan of the Study 11.
CHAPTER TWO,LITRATURE REVIEW 12,2 1 Theoretical Background 12. 2 2 Sociological Perspectives 12,2 2 1 Cultural Deviance Theory 12. 2 2 2 Differential Social Organization Theory 13,2 2 3 Anomie Theory 13. 2 2 4 Sub Cultural Theory 14,2 3 Psychological Perspectives 14. 2 3 1 Social Control Theory 14,2 3 2 Psycho Analytic Theory 14.
2 3 3 Psycho Dynamic Problem Solving Theory 15,2 3 4 Social Learning Theory 15. 2 4 Who is Arrested 16, 2 5 The Historical Development of the Problem of Juvenile Delinquency in. Ethiopia 17,2 6 Factors of Juvenile Delinquency 18. 2 6 1 Unsocial zed Delinquents 18,2 6 2 Socialized Delinquents 18. 2 7 Who is Juvenile Delinquents 19, 2 8 The possible Causes of Juvenile Delinquency in Ethiopia 20.
2 9 Treatment and Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency 21. CHAPTER THREE,RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 23,3 1 Study Area 23. 3 2 Study Design 23,3 3 Universe of the Study 24,3 4 Sampling Method 25. 3 5 Tools for Data Collection 25,3 5 1 Observation Guide 25. 3 5 2 Interview Guide 26,3 6 Data Gathering Procedure 26. 3 7 Data Processing and Analysis 27,3 8 Ethical Considerations 27.
CHAPTER FOUR,MAJOR FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS 28, 4 1 Socio Demographic Characteristics of the Study Subjects 28. 4 2 Educational Information of Respondents 34, 4 3 Respondents Psycho Social and Parent s Educational Status 36. 4 4 Observation Analysis 46,4 4 1 Living Unit of the Delinquents 46. 4 4 2 Counseling Psycho Social Support 47,4 4 3 Recreational Services 48. 4 4 4 Formal Education 48,4 4 5 Health Service 49, 4 4 6 Juvenile s Interaction among themselves and Service.
Providers 50,4 5 Key Informants Interview Analysis 50. 4 5 1 Institutional Services and Programs 50, 4 5 2 Behavioral Changes of Juvenile Delinquents 54. CHAPTER FIVE,CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 57,5 1 Conclusions 57. 5 1 1 The Main Causes of Juvenile Delinquency 57, 5 1 2 The Major Types of Crime Committed by Juvenile Delinquents 58. 5 1 3 The Socio Economic Status of Juveniles before they Enter to the. Remand and Rehabilitation Center 59,5 2 Recommendations 60.
References 63,Annexes 67,Annex I Questionnaires 68. Annex II Observation guide 76,Annex III Interview guide for the counselor 77. Annex IV Interview guide for caregivers 78,ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. First of all I would like to show my reverence of God for giving me the strength courage and. endurance while I was doing this work And for giving me all the assets I need human financial. material for the accomplishment of this work I owe it all to God. I would like to extend my deepest gratitude to my supervisor Mr Mosisa Kejela for his. unreserved professional advice insightful guidance constructive comments and suggestions. starting from the start of the research proposal till the end of thesis work. My appreciation also goes to my friends Mr Tadesse Tsige Mr Elias and Mr Tesfaye who. have extended their support during this study in terms of idea generation and forwarding. constructive professional comments, My heartfelt thanks also goes to Lideta Sub City Administration Remand and Rehabilitation. Center of Addis Ababa for allowing me to conduct the study and for the staffs for giving me all. the data needed for the accomplishment of this work especially to one of the counselor Ato. Tarekegn Mulu who is working in Lideta Remand and Rehabilitation Center for his cooperative. assistance throughout the thesis work, My deepest gratitude also goes to my sister Birhan for her persistent encouragement and.
valuable support throughout the thesis work I would also like to commend Mis Simret for. helping me with the data collection process, Last but not least I would like to greatly thank the juvenile delinquents for their participation in. the study and for inspiring me with their courage honesty and respect. ABBREBATIONS AND ACRONYMS,AA Addis Ababa,CBOs Community Based Organizations. CSA Central Statistics Agency,FDRE Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. FSCE Forum on Street Children Ethiopia,GOs Governmental Organizations. NGOs Non governmental Organizations,UN United Nation.
LIST OF TABLES,Content page,Table 1 Sex distribution of the respondents 29. Table 2 Distribution of respondents based on age group religion and ethnicity 30. Table 3 Place of residence age distribution of delinquents when they join to the center. And recreational places of the respondents in their original kebele community 32. Table 4 Educational background of the respondents 34. Table 5 Marital status Educational and Occupation of the delinquent s parents 36. Table 6 Estimated monthly income and family size of parents of the respondents 38. Table 7 Distribution of juvenile delinquents in relation to hobby of watching of films 40. Table 8 Occupation of respondents before entering to the remand and rehabilitation. Table 9 Distribution of respondents personal problems 42. Table 10 Major types of crimes committed by delinquents before entering to the center 44. Table 11 The main causes of juveniles to delinquency 45. LIST OF FIGURES,Content page, Figure 1 Locations of Lideta Remand and Rehabilitation Center of AA 24. This study was intended to explore the causes of juvenile delinquency The main objective of. this study was to find the main causes of juvenile delinquency in Lideta Sub city Remand and. Rehabilitation Center of Addis Ababa for juvenile delinquents. A random sampling method was used to select the subjects from the 110 total sample frames. who are juveniles Out of this 110 total sample frames 86 subjects were taken as a sample This. study was conducted in Lideta Sub city Remand and Rehabilitation Center of Addis Ababa for. juvenile delinquents Data was presented and analyzed using descriptive technique. Based on finding of this study the researcher have reached that the causes of juvenile. delinquents were peers influence broken families divorce death of one parent or both. migration and economic problems In addition to this the most and serious crimes committed. by juveniles were robbery theft and murder According to the finding the researcher concludes. that almost all the delinquents were rehabilitated by robbery and theft with at least one of. their friends The researcher recommended that Government should assign Social workers. Psychologists Lawyers Sociologists Policy makers Courts and make a networking system with. Ministry of labor and social affairs Ministry of women and children affairs and other concerned. bodies to actively participate in orienting and promoting awareness of the society about the. impacts of juvenile delinquency and correctional institutions should carefully follow up illegal. recreational places which initiates children s to involve in delinquency. CHAPTER ONE,INTRODUCTION,1 1 Background of the Study. The term juvenile delinquency refers to the criminal acts performed by juveniles or the youths. thus calling them juvenile delinquents It is also the legal term for criminal behavior carried out. by minors recognized for having problematic behavior Juvenile Delinquency can actually be. traced in the early times where governments all over the world have these poor laws that gave. the youth much freedom while some began as a form of youth rebellion The problem of. juvenile delinquency is the result of poor background broken family and influence of peer. groups Poverty which is considered to be the roots of all problems and issues in the country. may not be eradicated easily When there is poverty there would still be juvenile delinquents. prowling all over the city Juvenile delinquency is a major problem in many societies as it causes. major distress and damage to victims perpetrators and society at large Nas et al 2005 cited. in Nayak Bimal Kanta 2013, In the history of human society in one way or another there has been no time that men. became absolutely free of problems One of the most serious problems in human society is the. problem of deviation from social norms Anti social behavior has occurred since the beginning. of human appearance in the world In other word it is as old as human beings Crime and. delinquency are some of manifestations of such ant social behaviors Delinquency and violent. crime threatens the quality of life of urban dwellers in the world Not only does this divert. scares resources from urban social development but it also constitutes a serious impediment. to the city s economic development Globally crime patterns are changing Offenders are. getting more and younger and violent crimes are becoming more common In addition our. life our views of the world and our ways of knowing about crime have under gone considerable. change with the changing patterns of crime and recent years The roots of such violence may. not be clearly understood but declining income and work opportunities and the consequent. My appreciation also goes to my friends Mr Tadesse Tsige Mr Elias and Mr Tesfaye who have extended their support during this study in terms of idea generation and forwarding constructive professional comments My heartfelt thanks also goes to Lideta Sub City Administration Remand and Rehabilitation

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