ANDREWS UNIVERSITY SEMINARY STUDIES Volume 49 Spring 2011

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2 SEMINARY STUDIES 49 SPRING 2011,REVIEW ARTICLES,SIGVARTSEN JAN GE An Overview of John H. Walton s The Lost World of Genesis One,Ancient Cosmology and the Origins Debate 173. HANNA MARTIN It Takes a Miracle An Analysis,of John H Walton s View of Cosmic Temple. Inauguration 177, NICHOLAS MILLER A Scholarly Review of John H Walton s. Lectures at Andrews University on The Lost,World of Genesis One 191.
DOUKHAN JACQUES B A Response to John H,Walton s Lost World of Genesis One 197. BOOK REVIEW,McKibben Bill Eaarth Making a Life on a. Tough New Planet H THOMAS GOODWIN 207, The articles in this journal are indexed abstracted or listed in Elenchus of. Biblica Internationale Zeitschriftenschau f r Bibelwissenschaft und Grenzgebiete New. Testament Abstracts Index Theologicus Zeitschrifteninhaltsdienst Theologie Old. Testament Abstracts Orientalistische Literaturzeitung American Theological Library. Association Religious and Theological Abstracts Seventh day Adventist Periodical Index. Theologische Zeitschrift Zeitschrift f r die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft. Copyright 2011 by Andrews University Press ISSN 0003 2980. Andrews University Seminary Studies Vol 49 No 1 3 4. Copyright 2011 Andrews University Press,EDITORIAL CONTINUING THE. CONVERSATION ON, This past semester I led a doctoral seminar on the History of the Interpretation.
of Genesis 1 and 2 As we read and discussed the literature of the ages it. became evident that interpreters often shifted their methodology of biblical. interpretation when they addressed the opening chapters of Genesis There. was an evident attempt to interpret the creation stories in harmony with the. conceptual view of the cosmos and the origins of the cosmos in each age For. example Philo of Alexandria in De opificio mundi attempted to describe the. Mosaic rendering of creation as a reflection of Plato s instantaneous creation. portrayed in the Timaeus Many Christians including Augustine continued. the tendenz Similarly the theological point that the cosmos is one just as. God is One with which Philo ended this work fits well into the geocentric. cosmos received from Pythagoras and perpetuated by Ptolemy In the wake. of the Copernican revolution and the shift in worldviews from theocentric to. naturalistic the interpreters of Genesis tended to shift from a creation without. time to a creation through greater and greater time With the popularization. of progressive evolution the onus was felt to accommodate Genesis 1 and. 2 to the dictates of science The text of Genesis did not change but the. reception of it certainly did, It is true that these chapters are a different kind of history than Judges. Samuel and Kings There were no human eye witnesses to the creation of. our world The descriptions of God s creative acts are given as both theology. and history They are both brief and all encompassing As such these first two. chapters of the Bible leave more questions than answers and yet present the. basis for the whole relationship between God and humans. This issue of Andrews University Seminary Studies focusing on creation is. intended as part of a continuing conversation on the part of those who want. to retain a high view of Scripture even in the opening chapters of Genesis. The articles contained in this issue cover a wide range of issues in biblical. theology related to the doctrine of creation Of course it is not possible in. one small journal either to address all aspects of creation or be exhaustive on. any single question The intent is to add to the discussion. Roberto Ouro demonstrates the importance in seeing the differences as. well as the similarities between Hebrew Scriptures and other texts from the. ancient Near East Though he did not write this article specifically for a creation. issue it is included here because his conclusions are helpful for interpreting. the opening chapters of Genesis Similarly though she does not address. Genesis 1 and 2 directly Jo Ann Davidson s article on biblical narratives as. both aesthetically pleasing and true emphasizes a principle that is appropriate. 4 Seminary Studies 49 Spring 2011, here Ji Moskala offers an exegetical study on in the beginning identifying. six grammatical options and five interpretive possibilities for the first word. and first sentence in Genesis He also demonstrates how the literary structure. of Genesis 1 organizes the creation as a forming and filling sequence. Moskala s second article shows the unified diversity of the two creation. accounts in Genesis Karen K Abrahamson suggests that the theology and. science dialogue is too often dominated by the Augustinian underpinnings of. most Western thought including both theology and science She suggests that. the answer lies not in abandoning Christianity in favor of non Western thought. but in fresh biblical study that can critique the Augustinian foundations Her. article critiquing dual soul and body creations within the Christian tradition. cautions those who see God s special creation as including all of nature not. just the human soul and to recognize the presence of immortal soul issues. throughout science and theology Terry D Robertson addresses the tensions. of authorities faced by the student researcher in addressing information on. the creation evolution debate Randall W Younker and Richard M Davidson. address r q a in Gen 1 6 7 as it has been interpreted and misinterpreted. throughout history and then provide a fresh study of the word as used in. biblical contexts The book reviewed by H Thomas Goodwin also relates to. an important issue involved in the creation discussions care for the Earth. Every few months yet another book comes out proclaiming itself to. be the answer for how evangelical Christianity can accommodate the first. chapters of Genesis to evolutionary explanations for the origin of life and the. beginnings of humans Many have nothing new to add to the discussion John. H Walton s The Lost World of Genesis One Ancient Cosmology and the Origins Debate. is an exception Walton does have something new to add His proposal that. the Genesis creation accounts are intended to describe functional creation. rather than material creation is presented in new detail This issue includes. four appreciative critiques of Walton s book by Jan ge Sigvartsen Martin. Hanna Nicholas Miller and Jacques B Doukhan Together they show how. Walton s insights into the functional aspects of the Genesis 1 creation story. are helpful but that his rejection of any material creation within the narrative. causes more problems than it solves especially regarding the aspects of evil. This issue on creation neither answers nor even asks all the questions. It is offered to help those who are seeking to view Genesis 1 and 2 as an. integral part of God s revelation about Himself in relation to ourselves and. our world JWR, Andrews University Seminary Studies Vol 49 No 1 5 32. Copyright 2011 Andrews University Press,SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE. OLD TESTAMENT AND THE ANCIENT,NEAR EASTERN TEXTS,Roberto Ouro.
Adventist School of Theology,Sagunto Valencia Spain. Introduction, In 1902 the noted Assyriologist Friedrich Delitzsch presented a series of. lectures on comparative studies under the auspices of the German Oriental. Society Delitzsch s lectures entitled Babel und Bibel claimed that the. literature of the Bible was dependent on and even borrowed from the. literature of Mesopotamia He questioned the appropriateness of the. traditional theological terminology used to describe the Bible e g revelation. inspiration in light of its now evident dependency 1 Delitzsch s work spawned. a movement called Pan Babylonianism which argued that all world myths. and Christian Scriptures OT and NT were simply versions of Babylonian. mythology 2 As the series developed however it became clear that the. lecturer s motives were not entirely pure His interest was to minimize the. values of OT teaching so that it could be contrasted with that of the NT 3. The widespread interest in finding connections between the Bible and. other ANE cultures has bred its own reaction in the warning raised by several. scholars against exaggerating the importance of such similarities a practice. baptized with the name parallelomania 4 Of particular concern has been. the often tacit assumption that such parallels can be construed as evidence. for a genetic connection between the cultures that share them Despite such. warnings the pendulum of biblical studies has continued to swing back and. forth with remarkable regularity over the generations as initial archeological. discoveries have led to enthusiastic claims of similarities with various biblical. practices and the implied if not always stated conclusion that these constitute. the source for the biblical practice in question Only in the afterglow of more. For further discussion on the question of revelation and inspiration see A M. Rodr guez Ancient Near Eastern Parallels to the Bible and the Question of. Revelation and Inspiration JATS 12 1 2001 51 57, See M W Chavalas Assyriology and Biblical Studies A Century of Tension. in Mesopotamia and the Bible ed M W Chavalas and K L Younger Jr Grand Rapids. Baker 2002 21 67 esp 34, See H B Huffmon Babel und Bibel The Encounter between Babylon. and the Bible in Backgrounds for the Bible ed M P O Connor and D N Freedman. Winona Lake Eisenbrauns 1983 125 136,S Sandmel Parallelomania JBL 81 1962 1.
6 Seminary Studies 49 Spring 2011, careful inspection has the questionable nature of these parallels become. Changing views about the biblical patriarchs Abraham Isaac and Jacob. provide a vivid example of this process Many of the supposed parallels. turned out not to be parallel at all Often Israelite practices had been read into. the cuneiform texts rather than legitimately being found there What valid. parallels did exist turned out to have been widely practiced often over a long. period of time rather than limited to any particular epoch much less the early. second millennium 5, Methodological maturity began to be displayed in the careful work of W. W Hallo who promoted a balanced method called the contextual approach. which seeks to identify and discuss both similarities comparative and. differences contrastive that may be observed between the Bible and the texts. from the ANE by looking for diachronic and synchronic variations 6 Hallo s. goal is not to find the key to every biblical phenomenon in some ancient. Near Eastern precedent but rather to silhouette the biblical text against its. wider literary and cultural environment Thus we must not succumb either. to parallelomania or to parallelophobia 7 This methodological corrective. has exposed the dangers inherent in research that ignores either similarities or. differences between the OT and the ANE, Therefore there are similarities between the ANE and the OT on. historical cultural social and religious backgrounds but there are also. differences on conceptual functional and theological backgrounds J M. Sasson has promoted some goals that should be set forth before making. biblical connections What are the differences in contexts Are the texts in. question of the same literary genre Is etymological kinship always useful in. helping to make comparisons 8 Our study is focused on several topics such. as the gods cosmogony and cosmology and temples and rituals and will. investigate both similarities and differences between the OT and the ANE. Methodological Principles of Comparative Study, A major methodological problem confronts anyone wishing to relate ANE. texts to the OT 9 Control needs to be established over matters such as genre. F E Greenspahn Introduction in Essential Papers on Israel and the Ancient Near. East ed F E Greenspahn New York New York University Press 1991 6 7. W W Hallo Biblical History in Its Near Eastern Setting The Contextual. Approach in Scripture in Context Essays on the Comparative Method ed C D Evans W W. Hallo and J B White Theological Monograph Series 34 Pittsburgh Pickwick 1980. Chavalas 43, J M Sasson Two Recent Works on Mari AfO 27 1980 129.
See Rodr guez 48 51 for discussion on the problem of similarities. Similarities and Differences 7, purpose and religious and theological backgrounds Unfortunately there. is evidence that scholars have tended to biblicize ancient Near Eastern. documents before they are compared with OT materials 10 At the same time. the biblical documents are often interpreted mythologically. Sasson has suggested that it is imperative that the literature of each. culture be appreciated on its own merits before it is compared with the biblical. texts 11 Whenever we discuss the relationship connection association. correspondence parallelism similarity and so on between them as. Kitchen notes it is necessary to deal individually and on its own merits. with each possible or alleged case of relationship or borrowing by making a. detailed comparison of the full available data from both the Old Testament. and the Ancient Orient and by noting the results 12. Over thirty three years ago S Talmon published what has become a. classic essay on the principles and problems of using the comparative method. in biblical interpretation 13 He isolated four major principles. 1 Proximity in time and place that is geographically and especially. This issue of Andrews University Seminary Studies focusing on creation is intended as part of a continuing conversation on the part of those who want to retain a high view of Scripture even in the opening chapters of Genesis The articles contained in this issue cover a wide range of issues in biblical

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