Volume I Center for Problem Oriented Policing

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Our Service has experienced dramatic changes to the way policing is. done The changes were necessary A careful scrutiny of our occupation and the well. entrenched tactics that we used demonstrated quite clearly that much of what we were. doing was accomplishing little, What has emerged is a common sense style of policing that is geared. towards being effective Many labels are now attached i e Community Policing Problem. Oriented Policing and Community Oriented Policing There are subtle differences however. it is sufficient to say that in the future police and citizens must work as a team to deal with. problems that are common to both The foundation stone on which policing will be built. is the customers and those at the front who deliver the service. Richard WONG s short stories explain successes at street level The. police officers involved went beyond the traditional tactics of responding and reporting. incidents that are created by problems Although the efforts of just a few are highlighted. in the booklet I must emphasize that many others are actively involved in developing. solutions to community problems Perhaps their stories will appear in the next volume. This document may help others grasp what it is that police must do. It may even prompt police leaders to create the environment that will allow this style to. Mike BRADSHAW,Training Section, My name is Richard Charles WONG and I am a Summer Temporary. Employment Program S T E P Student with the Edmonton Police Service During the rest. of the year I am a student at the University of Alberta and I am pursuing a Bachelor of Arts. Degree in Sociology, I began working in the Staff Development Unit on 1991 May 06 and was. assigned to a Research Project on Problem Oriented Policing The study was aimed at. compiling a cross reference of representative examples on this style of policing The final. product is what you see before you, Problem Oriented Policing has been exercised by members for a number of. years I interviewed over sixty members from almost every unit in the Service Due to the. constraints I was unable to document all the case examples on Problem Oriented Policing. Perhaps the most difficult part of my study was trying to secure the members time in order. to conduct an interview, Policing in todays multicultural society must reflect Peel s Seventh Principle.
that states The Police are the public and the public are the Police It is a concerted effort. a partnership collaborating to find solutions to problems that lead to the decay of. communities Hence the Edmonton Police Services motto Committed to Community. Richard Charles WONG,NAME TITLE PAGE,Cst Rick SAUNDERS Bikes Gone Missing i. Steal On The Way 2,Cst Glen DENNIS Rocky Road,Unloading a Problem. Cst Tony HARDER Cosmetic Makeover,Strip Club Stripped of. Cst William SPINKS Cold Car Better Than No 9,Bored Crime 10. Cst Jim STEVENSON Blocking Passages 11,Cst Bob KOSTIW Junk Yard 12.
No Needles 13,Doctor s Derelict Creates 14,Cst Doug STOREY Blue Zone Parking 15. CstMark DESLAURIER,Det Dave HUT Fear 16,Whore House 17. Chinese Cooking Wine Kills 18,Cst Dorothy SHERBURNE Rally One Way 19. N B A Products 21,Booze Can 22,NAME TITLE PAGE,Det Ray HOGAN Sign of the Times 24. Cst Gail DENYS Bus Stops 25,Cst Ron CHETNEY Frats 26.
Frustrated Flasher 28,Cst Darcy STRANG Skinheads 29. Language a Problem 30,Cst Mark HOULE Schizo 31,Cst G REEKIE Best Behaved. Cst Adrian MARR Closer to Home 33,Garden Thief 34,Something To Do 35. Management Makes It Better 37,Crumbling Community 38. Cst Lew EVANS DAVIS Hair Care 40,Organization 41,Students Get Poorer 42.
Operation Bank It 43,Cst Shane LOXTERKAMP Poor Display 44. Convenience Banking 45,Cst Barry KAYE Youthful Problem 47. Students at War 48,Cst Bob BOIDA Darth Vader 49,NAME TITLE PAGE. a t Neil DUBORD Three For One Cancelled 50,Beaverhill Park 51. Cat Bill NEWTON Cst Regular Thieves 52,Pete CHERNUWSKY.
Extortion 53,Bella Dine 54,Cst Mike CRUSTOLO Mental Patient 55. One Way Means No Way 56,Cst Scott McMORRAN Bar Busted 57. Slum Receives Facelift 58,Arcade Too Much Fun 59,Cst Gary DZIOBA Babysitting 60. Det Rocky MAZE Slum Unsightry 61,Drummer Loses Drums 62. Cst Dave SPIERS Hookers Lot 63,TITLE BIKES GONE MISSING.
i i A RASH OF UNREPORTED BIKE THEFTS HAD OCCURRED in a community The officer was m. aware of the problem Most of the bike thefts went unreported because parents felt little. could be done, The Constable studied the bike thefts and tried to find a pattern to the criminals modus. operandum method of operation There wasno set area time or type of bike stolen He. felt the thefts were spontaneous and in most cases the bikes were used for a quick means. of transportation He felt that the majority of the bike thefts had been the work of kids in. the area since a large population of kids lived in his beat It was known that joyriders. normally abandoned the bikes shortly after the time of the thefts The real problem was. that kids were careless with their bikes They often left them unattended without using a. The Constable developed a Bicycle Identification Program which involved recording the. serial numbers of the bicycles as well as a general description Pamphlets on How to. prevent your bicycle from being stolen and What happens if my bike is stolen were. distributed throughout the community This crime prevention program informed the. community that a police lost and found area for recovered bicycles existed An estimated. 2 500 bicycles exist at the police compound at any given time with only one quarter of the. bicycles returned to the owners This program produced a reduction in bike thefts in the. area and other similar programs have been implemented in other areas of the city. TITLE STEAL ON THE WAY, An excessive amount of thefts from vehicles was occurring along one street No other thefts. from vehicles had been occurring in the surrounding areas The criminals confined. themselves to a two block radius They had stolen items such as radar detectors cassette. tapes and anything of value not nailed down, The Officer assigned to the area checked the crime statistics and found that thefts from. automobiles were a problem only in the two block radius The habits and activities of the. community members were monitored He observed that young kids in the area were the. perpetrators of these thefts That the kids were members of two families that lived two. blocks away from one another the exact two blocks between where all the thefts were. occurring The youths were walking from one home to the other and along the way were. committing the thefts The parents who were on social assistance condoned and even. encouraged their children s criminal activity, Verbal warnings were given to the children and their parents proved to be futile. Traditional enforcement tactics such as pamphlets warning the motorist of the high crime. area were ineffective The Constable contacted Social Services who had been funding the. housing for both families, He explained the problem to them and it was later agreed that one family be relocated to.
a home in a different area This tactic obviously worked because almost immediately the. thefts from the automobiles stopped,TITLE A ROCKYRQAD HOME. The Rock City Night Gub located in the downtown catered to problems ot assaults and. impaired drivers A high number of repeat calls for service were liquor related A. Constable identified that the management would overserve liquor to patrons reduce the. price of drinks beyond A L C B regulations and exceed the fire capacity. This Constable retargeted his enforcement efforts on impaired drivers to educating the. management To address the problems at the bar he arranged a meeting with the following. in attendance,1 Owner of Rock City,2 Manager of Rock City. 3 Alberta Liquor Control Board,4 Fifty five 55 Staff Members from. 5 The Constable, The policy of third party liability was discussed at the meeting It was explained that Rock. City could be responsible for the actions of impaired individuals even after they left the. premises The employees were introduced to films on third party liability as well as lectures. on The Use of Force Citizens Powers of Arrest and Haw to Handle Drunks The meeting. provided an excellent opportunity to open the communication links between the Gub and. Agencies involved, The Constable brought statistics on liquor related crimes and frequency of overcapacity of.
patrons to the Fire Department Consequently the seating capacity of Rock City was. reviewed and later reduced, The outlined methods reduced the number of liquor related complaints as the bar. management served liquor in a more responsible fashion. TITLE UNLOADING A PROBLEM, A loading dock for use by semitrailers was poorly designed During unloading the. semitrailer extended onto the property of an adjacent car park It occupied up to three. parking stalls at the Imperial car park Countless repeat calls for service were taken as the. two parties could not come to a mutual agreement, Routine handling of the situation resulted in one of the parties being issued a tag by the. investigating officers This was only a temporary solution until the next shipment needed. unloading The Officer recognized that the situation could come to blows if the problem was. not soon resolved, The Officer arranged a meeting between the two managers of the respective companys. With the Constable acting as the mediator it was agreed that the loading dock company. would lease out the three parking stalls that extended into the car park This mutually. agreeable solution would not have been reached unless a mediator had been present and the. problem solving approach made both parties happy No further repeat calls for service have. TITLE COSMETIC MAKEOVER, The Renford Inn had been experiencing a high number of thefts from vehicles in their.
parkade In fact 90 percent of the property crimes were thefts from vehicles Area vagrants. seemed to enjoy the warmth and shelter of the parkade. One Officer examined the situation at the Renford Inn and felt that changes in the physical. setting would reduce the opportunity for crime beginning in security at the parkade Also. the lighting in the parkade and adjoining alley could be improved A fence was erected to. block the passage into the alley area so the only access was by the front entrance. Other changes included phony security cameras and warning signs to motorists The most. important factor was the co operation of the hotel management The hotel management and. the police worked together to reduce the complaints from 45 a month to 3 in 6 months. TITLE BIKER BAR, The Commercial Hotel contained a bar which was frequented by motorcycle club members. and similar patrons of an active criminal nature This bar produced the highest number of. repeat calls for service in the Old Strathcona area including assaults drug offences public. drunkenness mischief etc and had been a problem for several years. Initially traditional enforcement methods were used The Constable who worked this. neighbourhood re examined the problem and felt that one of the underlying causes was the. large motorcycle club member clientele A plan aimed at reducing the bikers presence was. developed It was anticipated that once they stopped attending the Commercial Hotel. criminal activity would be reduced First the Constable liaised with the Board members of. the hotel He suggested some physical changes to the building such as increasing the. lighting in certain areas of the bar It was hoped that the greater visibility would discourage. drug deals Locks were placed on the inside of exit doors to avoid having them used as. entrances by those who sold and used drugs and consumed liquor outside Next armed with. statistics on liquor charges he presented the Alberta Liquor Control Board with information. on liquor over service and bar over capacity The owners of the Hotel were given warnings. by the ALCB which generated the co operation of the management A local lighting. petition enabled lane lighting to be installed and several covert operations were carried out. from adjacent premises resulting in dozens of drug and other arrests. A motorcycle parking zone in front of the bar provided convenient on street parking. desired by the bikers The Constable then lobbied City Council to have the parking zone. removed forcing the hotel to provide parking at the rear of the establishment As parking. in the lane was undesirable to the club members the bikers resorted to parking at the. meters in front of the bar The Constable noticed that the bikers were parking several. motorcycles in one metered stall This practice directly contravened a City Bylaw which. r states that metered parking is designed for the parking of a single vehicle at which space or. section a parking meter has been installed Consequently parking tags were issued on a daily. basis With the constant bylaw enforcement crackdowns and continued assistance on drug. arrests by D A R T Directed Activities Response Team the bikers became frustrated and. the majority stopped attending the bar Calls for service were reduced by half during three. years of continued work on the premise,TITLE STRIP CLUB STRIPPED OF LICENSE. The well known strip club Tin Lizzies had numerous repeat calls for service 40 in one. Volume I Researched and Written by Richard C WONG An E P S Training Section Project Co ordinated by Sergeant Mike BRADSIiAW FORWARD Our Service has experienced dramatic changes to the way policing is done The changes were necessary A careful scrutiny of our occupation and the well entrenched tactics that we used demonstrated quite clearly that much of what we were doing was

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